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Incorporating biodiversity in climate change mitigation initiatives

Sandra Díaz, David A. Wardle, and Andy Hector

in Biodiversity, Ecosystem Functioning, and Human Wellbeing: An Ecological and Economic Perspective

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780199547951
eISBN:
9780191720345
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199547951.003.0011
Subject:
Biology, Ecology, Biodiversity / Conservation Biology

Climate change mitigation initiatives based on biological sequestration of carbon have paid little attention to biodiversity, with important implications both for climate change mitigation and for ... More


Opening communities to colonization – the impacts of invaders on biodiversity and ecosystem functioning

Katharina Engelhardt, Amy Symstad, Anne-Helene Prieur-Richard, Matthew Thomas, and Daniel E. Bunker

in Biodiversity, Ecosystem Functioning, and Human Wellbeing: An Ecological and Economic Perspective

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780199547951
eISBN:
9780191720345
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199547951.003.0016
Subject:
Biology, Ecology, Biodiversity / Conservation Biology

Research on the relationship between biodiversity and ecosystem functioning typically varies biodiversity levels by establishing communities that are subsets of the species in the high diversity ... More


Understanding the role of species richness for crop pollination services

Alexandra-Maria Klein, Christine Müller, Patrick Hoehn, and Claire Kremen

in Biodiversity, Ecosystem Functioning, and Human Wellbeing: An Ecological and Economic Perspective

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780199547951
eISBN:
9780191720345
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199547951.003.0014
Subject:
Biology, Ecology, Biodiversity / Conservation Biology

This chapter discusses the role of flower-visiting species richness for crop pollination services. General arguments why flower-visitor species richness can be important for the mutualistic plant ... More


Community assembly and species traits

Gary G. Mittelbach and Brian J. McGill

in Community Ecology

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
September 2019
ISBN:
9780198835851
eISBN:
9780191873379
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198835851.003.0012
Subject:
Biology, Ecology, Biodiversity / Conservation Biology

There is perhaps no more fundamental question in ecology than what determines the number and kinds of species found in a community and their relative abundances. This chapter lays out a powerful ... More


Functional Traits and Community Assembly during Secondary Succession

Robin L. Chazdon

in Second Growth: The Promise of Tropical Forest Regeneration in an Age of Deforestation

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
September 2014
ISBN:
9780226117911
eISBN:
9780226118109
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226118109.003.0010
Subject:
Biology, Biodiversity / Conservation Biology

This chapter examines the life forms, functional traits, and functional groups of plants that predominate during different successional stages, and describes patterns and mechanisms of species ... More


Ecosystem Services Provided by the Soil Biota

Lijbert Brussaard

in Soil Ecology and Ecosystem Services

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
December 2013
ISBN:
9780199575923
eISBN:
9780191774843
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199575923.003.0005
Subject:
Biology, Ecology

This chapter connects the soil biota to ecosystem structure and functioning and the concept of ecosystem services, i.e., the benefits people derive from ecosystems, and to the impact of land ... More


From Genes to Ecosystems: Plant Genetics as a Link between Above- and Belowground Processes

Jennifer A. Schweitzer, Michael D. Madritch, Emmi Felker-Quinn, and Joseph K. Bailey

in Soil Ecology and Ecosystem Services

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
December 2013
ISBN:
9780199575923
eISBN:
9780191774843
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199575923.003.0009
Subject:
Biology, Ecology

An important component of biodiversity is the genetic diversity embedded within species. Ecologists have long known that species' identity matters, as it determines the species' role in community ... More


Measuring individual and population parameters

David J. Gibson

in Methods in Comparative Plant Population Ecology, Second Edition

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
January 2015
ISBN:
9780199671465
eISBN:
9780191792496
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199671465.003.0005
Subject:
Biology, Plant Sciences and Forestry

This chapter describes the measurements or traits that can be made on individual plants or populations. The value of different morphological, physiological and phenological traits for testing an ... More


The ecology of plants: from seed to seed

Richard T. Corlett

in The Ecology of Tropical East Asia

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
August 2019
ISBN:
9780198817017
eISBN:
9780191858703
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198817017.003.0004
Subject:
Biology, Ecology, Biodiversity / Conservation Biology

This chapter deals with the ecology of Tropical East Asia from a plant perspective. The life cycle of forest trees is covered in detail, including their vegetative and reproductive phenology, ... More


The nature of open ecosystems

William J. Bond

in Open Ecosystems: ecology and evolution beyond the forest edge

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
September 2019
ISBN:
9780198812456
eISBN:
9780191850318
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198812456.003.0004
Subject:
Biology, Ecology, Biodiversity / Conservation Biology

If open ecosystems were of recent anthropogenic origin, linked to human activity in the last millennia, they should support an impoverished biota assembled in large part from forest-dwelling species. ... More


Biodiversity–ecosystem function

Simon F. Thrush, Judi E. Hewitt, Conrad A. Pilditch, and Alf Norkko

in Ecology of Coastal Marine Sediments: Form, Function, and Change in the Anthropocene

Published in print:
2021
Published Online:
March 2021
ISBN:
9780198804765
eISBN:
9780191843044
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198804765.003.0010
Subject:
Biology, Aquatic Biology, Ecology

This chapter looks at the links between biodiversity and ecosystem function in soft sediments to help understand the implications of biodiversity loss on ecosystem services. The chapter contains a ... More


Biochemical and physiological data collection

Oldřich Tomášek, Alan A. Cohen, Erola Fenollosa, Maurizio Mencuccini, Sergi Munné-Bosch, and Fanie Pelletier

in Demographic Methods across the Tree of Life

Published in print:
2021
Published Online:
November 2021
ISBN:
9780198838609
eISBN:
9780191874789
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198838609.003.0002
Subject:
Biology, Biomathematics / Statistics and Data Analysis / Complexity Studies, Ecology

Physiological and biochemical traits hold great promise for demographic research as potential proxies (biomarkers) of various biotic and environmental variables that determine individual fitness and ... More


The ecology of plants: from seed to seed

Richard T. Corlett

in The Ecology of Tropical East Asia

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
November 2014
ISBN:
9780199681341
eISBN:
9780191789175
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199681341.003.0004
Subject:
Biology, Ecology

This chapter deals with the ecology of Tropical East Asia from a plant perspective. The life cycle of forest trees is covered in detail, including pollination, seed dispersal, seed predation, and the ... More


Biotic Interactions and Ecosystem Functioning

Nicola P. Randall and Barbara Smith

in The Biology of Agroecosystems

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
February 2020
ISBN:
9780198737520
eISBN:
9780191800948
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198737520.003.0004
Subject:
Biology, Ecology

This chapter introduces different functional groups and their role in agroecosystems and in provision of ecosystem services. Examples include detritivores and other nutrient cyclers, primary ... More


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