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Technical considerations for BOLD fMRI of the orbitofrontal cortex

V. Andrew Stenger

in The Orbitofrontal Cortex

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
February 2010
ISBN:
9780198565741
eISBN:
9780191723971
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198565741.003.0017
Subject:
Neuroscience, Behavioral Neuroscience

Neuroimaging plays a major role in furthering our understanding of the orbitofrontal cortex (OFC). This chapter presents some of the technical challenges, limitations, and potential solutions with ... More


Brain Imaging Techniques

Adina L. Roskies

in A Primer on Criminal Law and Neuroscience: A contribution of the Law and Neuroscience Project, supported by the MacArthur Foundation

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
September 2013
ISBN:
9780199859177
eISBN:
9780199332694
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199859177.003.0002
Subject:
Neuroscience, Behavioral Neuroscience

Neuroimaging techniques are among those most relied upon to tell us about the neural functions that underlie human behavior. Brain imaging evidence is the neuroscience evidence most likely to be ... More


Functional MRI Studies in Aging and Early Alzheimer’s Disease: Predicting Clinical Decline

Reisa Sperling

in Imaging the Aging Brain

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
February 2010
ISBN:
9780195328875
eISBN:
9780199864836
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195328875.003.0018
Subject:
Neuroscience, Techniques, Development

The pathophysiological process of Alzheimer's disease (AD) is thought to begin years, perhaps even decades, prior to the point of clinical diagnosis. Novel functional magnetic resonance imaging ... More


BCIs That Use Brain Metabolic Signals

Ranganatha Sitaram, Sangkyun Lee, and Niels Birbaumer

in Brain–Computer Interfaces: Principles and Practice

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780195388855
eISBN:
9780199932689
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195388855.003.0018
Subject:
Neuroscience, Techniques

Most brain-computer interfaces (BCIs) currently under development use the brain's electrical signals. Nevertheless, nonelectrical metabolic signals also have potential for use in BCI development. Two ... More


Central imaging of pain

Herta Flor and M. Catherine Bushnell

in The Neurobiology of Pain: (Molecular and Cellular Neurobiology)

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780198515616
eISBN:
9780191723650
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198515616.003.0013
Subject:
Neuroscience, Sensory and Motor Systems

This chapter concentrates on the representation of pain in the human brain, covering relevant work from neuroelectric and neuromagnetic source imaging (ESI and MSI), functional magnetic resonance ... More


Functional magnetic resonance imaging and positron emission tomography studies of motion perception, eye movements, and reading

Mark W. Greenlee

in The Neuropsychology of Vision

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780198505822
eISBN:
9780191686900
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198505822.003.0004
Subject:
Psychology, Neuropsychology

This chapter addresses the recent findings from studies of visual motion processing, eye movements, and reading. It specifically outlines the brain-imaging studies that have studied cortical ... More


Alzheimer’s Disease

Maija Pihlajamäki and Hilkka Soininen

in The Clinical Neurobiology of the Hippocampus: An integrative view

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780199592388
eISBN:
9780199949922
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199592388.003.0012
Subject:
Neuroscience, Disorders of the Nervous System, Behavioral Neuroscience

The clinical spectrum of hippocampal dysfunction encompasses a wide range of neuropsychiatric symptoms. The present chapter aims at addressing the hippocampal involvement in the most common form of ... More


Decoding the Cortical Representation of Depth

Andrew E. Welchman

in Sensory Cue Integration

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780195387247
eISBN:
9780199918379
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195387247.003.0019
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Neuroscience, Cognitive Psychology

This chapter reviews advances in elucidating functional specialization for depth processing by the human brain while recognizing the complexity of the problem. It starts by discussing the conceptual ... More


Electrophysiological and Optical Measures of Cognitive Aging

Monica Fabiani and Gabriele Gratton

in Cognitive Neuroscience of Aging: Linking cognitive and cerebral aging

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780195156744
eISBN:
9780199864171
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195156744.003.0004
Subject:
Neuroscience, Behavioral Neuroscience, Development

This chapter reviews optical brain imaging and electrophysiology in the context of other available methodologies as they apply to aging research. Both methods emphasize the temporal aspects of the ... More


Functional imaging of memory in epilepsy

Lars Frings and Kathrin Wagner

in Epilepsy and Memory

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780199580286
eISBN:
9780191739408
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199580286.003.0017
Subject:
Neuroscience, Disorders of the Nervous System, Behavioral Neuroscience

Previous studies on declarative memory function in epilepsy using functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) have primarily pursued two aims: the localization or lateralization of the seizure focus ... More


From Scan to Neuropolitics

Darren Schreiber

in Man Is by Nature a Political Animal: Evolution, Biology, and Politics

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
September 2013
ISBN:
9780226319094
eISBN:
9780226319117
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226319117.003.0011
Subject:
Political Science, Political Theory

This chapter describes some of the neurological processes that influence behavior. Genetic processes encode proteins that ultimately inspire neurochemical releases as individuals respond to the ... More


Detection of Concealed Stored Memories with Psychophysiological and Neuroimaging Methods

J. Peter Rosenfeld, Gershon Ben-Shakhar, and Giorgio Ganis

in Memory and Law

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
January 2013
ISBN:
9780199920754
eISBN:
9780199950133
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199920754.003.0011
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Neuroscience, Forensic Psychology

This chapter describes the use of three types of physiological measures used to detect concealed memories. These measures may be utilized by legal authorities to detect involvement in criminal and ... More


BCI Therapeutic Applications for Improving Brain Function

Janis J. Daly and Ranganatha Sitaram

in Brain–Computer Interfaces: Principles and Practice

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780195388855
eISBN:
9780199932689
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195388855.003.0022
Subject:
Neuroscience, Techniques

This chapter describes ways in which brain-computer interfaces (BCIs) might be used as therapeutic tools to restore more normal motor control and more normal cognitive and emotional function to ... More


Feelings and Emotions On Both Sides of the Brain: The Asymmetric Forebrain

A. D. (Bud) Craig

in How Do You Feel?: An Interoceptive Moment with Your Neurobiological Self

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691156767
eISBN:
9781400852727
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691156767.003.0008
Subject:
Biology, Neurobiology

This chapter addresses the different roles of the left and right anterior insular cortex (AIC). It begins by noting evidence that the left AIC and the right AIC were activated asymmetrically in many ... More


The role of human orbitofrontal cortex in reward prediction and behavioral choice: insights from neuroimaging

John P. O'Doherty and Raymond J. Dolan

in The Orbitofrontal Cortex

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
February 2010
ISBN:
9780198565741
eISBN:
9780191723971
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198565741.003.0010
Subject:
Neuroscience, Behavioral Neuroscience

In order to survive, most animals including humans need to be able to learn and adapt flexibly their behavior so that optimal choices can be made in an uncertain environment. This chapter reviews ... More


Why You Think Milan Is Larger than Modena: Neural Correlates of the Recognition Heuristic

Kirsten G. Volz, Lael J. Schooler, Ricarda I. Schubotz, Markus Raab, Gerd Gigerenzer, and D. Yves von Cramon

in Heuristics: The Foundations of Adaptive Behavior

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
May 2011
ISBN:
9780199744282
eISBN:
9780199894727
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199744282.003.0025
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology, Human-Technology Interaction

When ranking two alternatives by some criteria and only one of the alternatives is recognized, participants overwhelmingly adopt the strategy, termed the recognition heuristic (RH), of choosing the ... More


On the difficulties of integrating evidence from fMRI and electrophysiology in cognitive neuroscience: (Tutorial Review)

Benjamin Y. Hayden and Michael L. Platt

in Decision Making, Affect, and Learning: Attention and Performance XXIII

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
May 2011
ISBN:
9780199600434
eISBN:
9780191725623
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199600434.003.0006
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology, Developmental Psychology

Functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) and single unit physiology are two of the most widely-used methods in cognitive neuroscience and neuroeconomics. Despite the fact that practitioners of ... More


Retrieving pictures from long-term memory

Alumit Ishai

in Neuroimaging of Human Memory: Linking cognitive processes to neural systems

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780199217298
eISBN:
9780191696077
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199217298.003.0015
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Models and Architectures

This chapter describes several functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) studies, designed to elucidate the neural correlates of retrieving pictorial information from long-term memory. It argues ... More


What brain imaging can tell us about embodied meaning

Marcel Adam Just

in Symbols and Embodiment: Debates on meaning and cognition

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780199217274
eISBN:
9780191696060
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199217274.003.0005
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology

This chapter discusses that brain imaging studies of language processing, using functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI), can indicate under what circumstances the embodied aspects of language ... More


Using Brain Imaging to Guide the Development of a Cognitive Architecture

John R. Anderson

in Integrated Models of Cognitive Systems

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780195189193
eISBN:
9780199847457
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195189193.003.0004
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Models and Architectures

Functional magnetic resonance imaging has been used as a way to test and extend the ACT-R (adaptive control of thought-rational) theory. This chapter describes a new modeling effort that illustrates ... More


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