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Analogy and Epistemic Values

Paul F. A. Bartha

in By Parallel Reasoning: The Construction and Evaluation of Analogical Arguments

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
May 2010
ISBN:
9780195325539
eISBN:
9780199776313
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195325539.003.0007
Subject:
Philosophy, Logic/Philosophy of Mathematics

This chapter provides a defense of analogical reasoning by linking it to standard pragmatic virtues that guide us in the choice of scientific theories. The idea is based on a high‐level analogy ... More


Definitions

John Horty

in Frege on Definitions: A Case Study of Semantic Content

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780199732715
eISBN:
9780199852628
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199732715.003.0003
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Language

Frege's theory of definition is the subject of this chapter. The chapter focuses on the apparent conflict between two of its central tenets. The first is the requirement of fruitfulness which ... More


Mathematical Concepts: Fruitfulness and Naturalness

Jamie Tappenden

in The Philosophy of Mathematical Practice

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
February 2010
ISBN:
9780199296453
eISBN:
9780191711961
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199296453.003.0011
Subject:
Philosophy, Logic/Philosophy of Mathematics

This chapter addresses the question of when one concept or definition is properly regarded as more ‘natural’ than another with reference to the principle that a mark of good definitions is their ... More


The Consciousness Hypothesis

Gregg Rosenberg

in A Place for Consciousness: Probing the Deep Structure of the Natural World

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780195168143
eISBN:
9780199850075
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195168143.003.0013
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind

The Consciousness Hypothesis is an application of the Central Thesis that lifts experiencing up to full-fledged consciousness. This chapter evaluates several issues raised from the previous chapters ... More


Mixing in the Metaphysics 1: Underdetermination1

Steven French

in The Structure of the World: Metaphysics and Representation

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
April 2014
ISBN:
9780199684847
eISBN:
9780191765131
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199684847.003.0002
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

A further challenge to the realist is represented by the underdetermination, not only of theory by evidence, but of ontology by the relevant science. In particular, if the realist cannot say, on the ... More


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