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Frontotemporal dementia and the orbitofrontal cortex

Po H. Lu, Negar Khanlou, and Jeffrey L. Cummings

in The Orbitofrontal Cortex

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
February 2010
ISBN:
9780198565741
eISBN:
9780191723971
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198565741.003.0024
Subject:
Neuroscience, Behavioral Neuroscience

Patients with frontotemporal dementia (FTD) manifest severe behavioral and personality alterations associated with orbitofrontal cortex (OFC) dysfunction. This chapter provides a review of the ... More


Frontotemporal lobar degeneration

Jared Narvid and Maria Luisa Gorno-Tempini

in Cognitive Neurology: A clinical textbook

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780198569275
eISBN:
9780191724213
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198569275.003.0013
Subject:
Neuroscience, Techniques

Frontotemporal lobar degeneration (FTLD) is a syndrome of focal, often asymmetric, neurodegeneration presenting clinically as a progressive dementia associated with focal atrophy of the frontal ... More


MRI and the Differential Diagnosis of Dementia

António J. Bastos-Leite and Philip Scheltens

in Imaging the Aging Brain

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
February 2010
ISBN:
9780195328875
eISBN:
9780199864836
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195328875.003.0016
Subject:
Neuroscience, Techniques, Development

Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) has opened up the way to diagnose dementia in vivo. It provides clear evidence for hippocampal atrophy in Alzheimer's disease (AD), lobar atrophy in frontotemporal ... More


Genetics of dementia

William S. Brooks, Clement T. Loy, John B. J. Kwok, and Peter R. Schofield

in Cognitive Neurology: A clinical textbook

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780198569275
eISBN:
9780191724213
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198569275.003.0016
Subject:
Neuroscience, Techniques

The clinical syndrome of dementia can occur in a range of conditions. Some dementia causing diseases are clearly genetic in origin, such as Huntington's disease (HD) or familial Alzheimer's disease ... More


A Cognitive and Behavioral Neurological Approach to Aesthetics

Zachary A. Miller and Bruce L. Miller

in Aesthetic Science: Connecting Minds, Brains, and Experience

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780199732142
eISBN:
9780199918485
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199732142.003.0079
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology

Philosophers have hypothesized that one of the defining characteristics of being human is the production and appreciation of art. Beginning in the early 20th century, observations following isolated ... More


Neuropsychological assessment of the orbitofrontal cortex

David H. Zald

in The Orbitofrontal Cortex

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
February 2010
ISBN:
9780198565741
eISBN:
9780191723971
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198565741.003.0018
Subject:
Neuroscience, Behavioral Neuroscience

This chapter reviews the neuropsychological assessment of orbitofrontal functions. It starts by describing the major categories of neurological disorders that result in lesions of the orbitofrontal ... More


Frontotemporal Dementia

David M. Blass

in Psychiatric Aspects of Neurologic Diseases: Practical approaches to patient care

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
November 2020
ISBN:
9780195309430
eISBN:
9780197562451
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780195309430.003.0017
Subject:
Clinical Medicine and Allied Health, Psychiatry

Frontotemporal dementia (FTD) is a family of neurodegenerative diseases and syndromes that most commonly involve the frontal and temporal lobes, producing dramatic alterations of personality, ... More


Music Cognition in Frontotemporal Dementia and Non-Alzheimer’s Dementias

Rohani Omar

in Music and Dementia: From Cognition to Therapy

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
April 2020
ISBN:
9780190075934
eISBN:
9780190095253
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190075934.003.0005
Subject:
Psychology, Neuropsychology

This chapter examines how music knowledge is affected in non-Alzheimer’s dementias, with a focus on frontotemporal dementia syndromes. It discusses the clinical and neurobiological rationale for ... More


The Biological Determinants of Dementia Communication

Alison Wray

in The Dynamics of Dementia Communication

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
April 2020
ISBN:
9780190917807
eISBN:
9780190917838
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190917807.003.0002
Subject:
Linguistics, Sociolinguistics / Anthropological Linguistics

This chapter asks, how do the brain changes associated with diseases of dementia affect communication? The biological diseases leading to dementia are termed ‘hard’ causes. The main types of dementia ... More


Understanding Dementia

Jan Dewing

in Adult Nursing Practice: Using evidence in care

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
November 2020
ISBN:
9780199697410
eISBN:
9780191918476
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780199697410.003.0017
Subject:
Clinical Medicine and Allied Health, Nursing

This chapter presents a comprehensive understanding of dementia as a commonly encountered condition/syndrome in the nursing care of older adults and offers insights into the health challenges faced ... More


Art and Dementia: How Degeneration of Some Brain Regions Can Lead to New Creative Impulses

Indre V. Viskontas and Bruce L. Miller

in Neuroscience of Creativity

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
May 2014
ISBN:
9780262019583
eISBN:
9780262314695
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262019583.003.0006
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Neuroscience

Progressive neurodegenerative disease that disrupts the interactions between the frontal lobes and the temporal, parietal and occipital lobes, or between the dominant and non-dominant hemispheres has ... More


Control of symptoms: cognitive dysfunction

Laura H. Goldstein

in Palliative Care in Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis: From Diagnosis to Bereavement, 3rd Edn

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
May 2014
ISBN:
9780199686025
eISBN:
9780191765940
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199686025.003.0008
Subject:
Palliative Care, Patient Care and End-of-Life Decision Making, Pain Management and Palliative Pharmacology

In a relatively small percentage of ALS patients a frontotemporal-type dementia may occur. A significant percentage of non-demented patents may show mild to moderate cognitive change, predominantly ... More


Creativity and Intelligence: Brain Networks That Link and Differentiate the Expression of Genius

Rex E. Jung and Richard J. Haier

in Neuroscience of Creativity

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
May 2014
ISBN:
9780262019583
eISBN:
9780262314695
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262019583.003.0011
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Neuroscience

Based on neuro-imaging findings, we present a brain model for intelligence and a model for creativity and discuss how genius may emerge from the overlapping and the unique aspects of these models. ... More


Neuropsychology

Andrea L. Glenn and Adrian Raine

in Psychopathy: An Introduction to Biological Findings and Their Implications

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
March 2016
ISBN:
9780814777053
eISBN:
9780814777077
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
NYU Press
DOI:
10.18574/nyu/9780814777053.003.0005
Subject:
Psychology, Developmental Psychology

This chapter presents two cases of individuals with frontotemporal dementia: a 60-year-old man arrested for child molestation whose personality had changed remarkably over four years, and a woman in ... More


Virtual Reality for Assessment of Episodic Memory in Normal and Pathological Aging

Gaën Plancher and Pascale Piolino

in The Role of Technology in Clinical Neuropsychology

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
November 2020
ISBN:
9780190234737
eISBN:
9780197559543
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190234737.003.0015
Subject:
Computer Science, Virtual Reality

Memory is one of the most important cognitive functions in a person’s life. Memory is essential for recalling personal memories and for performing many everyday tasks, such as reading, playing ... More


The Limits of Emotion

Joshua May

in Regard for Reason in the Moral Mind

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
June 2018
ISBN:
9780198811572
eISBN:
9780191848452
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198811572.003.0002
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind

Empirical research apparently suggests that emotions play an integral role in moral judgment. The evidence for sentimentalism is diverse, but it is rather weak and has generally been overblown. There ... More


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