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Fractionation and Localization of Distinct Frontal Lobe Processes: Evidence from Focal Lesions in Humans

Donald T. Stuss, Michael P. Alexander, Darlene Floden, Malcolm A. Binns, Brian Levine, Anthony R. McIntosh, Natasha Rajah, and Stephanie J. Hevenor

in Principles of Frontal Lobe Function

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780195134971
eISBN:
9780199864157
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195134971.003.0025
Subject:
Neuroscience, Behavioral Neuroscience, Molecular and Cellular Systems

This chapter summarizes a decade or more of research on the functions of the frontal lobes through the study of patients with pathology restricted to that region. It begins with one assumption: there ... More


Frontal Lobe Plasticity and Behavior

Bryan Kolb and Robbin Gibb

in Principles of Frontal Lobe Function

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780195134971
eISBN:
9780199864157
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195134971.003.0032
Subject:
Neuroscience, Behavioral Neuroscience, Molecular and Cellular Systems

This chapter focuses on how the structure of the frontal lobe changes over time, how this relates to behavior, and how the rest of the brain changes when the frontal lobe is injured. It shows that ... More


The Human Frontal Lobes: Transcending the Default Mode through Contingent Encoding

M.-Marsel Mesulam

in Principles of Frontal Lobe Function

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780195134971
eISBN:
9780199864157
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195134971.003.0002
Subject:
Neuroscience, Behavioral Neuroscience, Molecular and Cellular Systems

This chapter sets the stage for the rest of the book, presenting anatomical and clinical distinctions that serve as organizational and memory “hooks” for reading many of the other chapters. It ... More


Executive Functions after Frontal Lobe Injury: A Developmental Perspective

Vicki Anderson, Harvey S. Levin, and Rani Jacobs

in Principles of Frontal Lobe Function

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780195134971
eISBN:
9780199864157
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195134971.003.0030
Subject:
Neuroscience, Behavioral Neuroscience, Molecular and Cellular Systems

This chapter contrasts normal cerebral and cognitive development with that of children who have sustained frontal pathology. It focuses specifically on the domain of executive function, with the ... More


Principles of Frontal Lobe Function

Donald T. Stuss and Robert T. Knight (eds)

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780195134971
eISBN:
9780199864157
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195134971.001.0001
Subject:
Neuroscience, Behavioral Neuroscience, Molecular and Cellular Systems

This book provides a review of historical and current research on the function of the frontal lobes and frontal systems of the brain. The content spans frontal lobe functions from birth to old age, ... More


Application to Lesion Studies

Hanna Damasio

in Human Brain Anatomy in Computerized Images

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780195165616
eISBN:
9780199864041
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195165616.003.0010
Subject:
Neuroscience, Techniques, Disorders of the Nervous System

This chapter gives a demonstration of how different incidences of scanning modify the anatomical appreciation of structural brain lesions. Examples include lesions in left parietal, left calcarine, ... More


Regulating Action

Don M. Tucker and Phan Luu

in Cognition and Neural Development

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
January 2013
ISBN:
9780199838523
eISBN:
9780199985654
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199838523.003.0003
Subject:
Neuroscience, Development

This chapter considers the neurophysiological mechanisms of learning in relation to specific requirements of motivated (viscerally charged) sensory and motor (somatic) operations. It shows that ... More


An evaluation of the frontal lobe theory of cognitive aging

Louise H. Phillips and Julie D. Henry

in Measuring the Mind: Speed, control, and age

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780198566427
eISBN:
9780191693588
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198566427.003.0008
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology

In the 1990s, it was argued that age-related changes in the frontal lobes predict cognitive changes in older adults. However, evidence for this hypothesis from behavioural and neuroimaging studies ... More


Introduction

Donald T. Stuss and Robert T. Knight

in Principles of Frontal Lobe Function

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780195134971
eISBN:
9780199864157
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195134971.003.0001
Subject:
Neuroscience, Behavioral Neuroscience, Molecular and Cellular Systems

This introductory chapter presents an overview of the different contributions in this book. By highlighting some of the similarities and differences among approaches, it seeks to entice the astute ... More


Principles of the Rehabilitation of Frontal Lobe Function

Paul W. Burgess and Ian H. Robertson

in Principles of Frontal Lobe Function

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780195134971
eISBN:
9780199864157
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195134971.003.0033
Subject:
Neuroscience, Behavioral Neuroscience, Molecular and Cellular Systems

This chapter outlines the practical rehabilitation implications of current theories and models of frontal lobe function, with the aim of providing some provisional principles for the rehabilitation ... More


Superior Longitudinal Fasciculus and Arcuate Fasciculus

Jeremy D. Schmahmann and Deepak N. Pandya

in Fiber Pathways of the Brain

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780195104233
eISBN:
9780199864294
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195104233.003.0013
Subject:
Neuroscience, Techniques, Disorders of the Nervous System

The superior longitudinal fasciculus (SLF) and the arcuate fasciculus (AF) have long been considered synonymous in the human, and these names have been used interchangeably. According to observations ... More


Unifying Clinical, Experimental, and Neuroimaging Studies of the Human Frontal Lobes

Brian Levine and Fergus I. M. Craik

in Mind and the Frontal Lobes: Cognition, Behavior, and Brain Imaging

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780199791569
eISBN:
9780199919215
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199791569.003.0010
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Neuroscience

The frontal lobes are central to human cognition and consciousness. This chapter reviews the history of research on frontal lobe function in three eras, from the mid-19th to the mid-20th century, ... More


Memory Retrieval and Executive Control Processes

Arthur P. Shimamura

in Principles of Frontal Lobe Function

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780195134971
eISBN:
9780199864157
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195134971.003.0013
Subject:
Neuroscience, Behavioral Neuroscience, Molecular and Cellular Systems

This chapter shows that episodic retrieval and source recollection are associated with frontal lobe function. The role of the prefrontal cortex in such retrieval tasks appears to be related to ... More


The Biology of Meaning

R. Walter Heinrichs

in In Search of Madness: Schizophrenia and Neuroscience

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780195122190
eISBN:
9780199865482
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195122190.003.0005
Subject:
Neuroscience, Behavioral Neuroscience

The frontal and temporal lobes, along with the basal ganglia, are the most intensively studied regions of the brain in relation to schizophrenia. This chapter describes the behavioral and biological ... More


The Frontal Lobes and Self-Awareness

DONALD T. STUSS, R. SHAYNA ROSENBAUM, SARAH MALCOLM, WILLIAM CHRISTIANA, and JULIAN PAUL KEENAN

in The Lost Self: Pathologies of the Brain and Identity

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780195173413
eISBN:
9780199865758
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195173413.003.0005
Subject:
Neuroscience, Molecular and Cellular Systems

This chapter summarizes a hierarchical framework proposed by Stuss, Picton, and Alexander (2001) that suggests different levels of awareness of self to account for variations in attributions of ... More


Rostral Prefrontal Cortex: What Neuroimaging Can Learn from Human Neuropsychology

Paul W. Burgess, Gil Gonen-Yaacovi, and Emmanuelle Volle

in Mind and the Frontal Lobes: Cognition, Behavior, and Brain Imaging

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780199791569
eISBN:
9780199919215
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199791569.003.0017
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Neuroscience

One of the great successes of functional neuroimaging as a method has been to generate theories concerning the cognitive functions supported by rostral PFC (approximating Brodmann Area 10). But these ... More


Mind and the Frontal Lobes: Cognition, Behavior, and Brain Imaging

Brian Levine and Fergus Craik I.M. (eds)

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780199791569
eISBN:
9780199919215
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199791569.001.0001
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Neuroscience

In the past 25 years, the frontal lobes have dominated human neuroscience research. Functional neuroimaging studies have revealed their importance to brain networks involved in nearly every aspect of ... More


Disorders of Language After Frontal Lobe Injury: Evidence for the Neural Mechanisms of Disorders of Language

Michael P. Alexander

in Principles of Frontal Lobe Function

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780195134971
eISBN:
9780199864157
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195134971.003.0010
Subject:
Neuroscience, Behavioral Neuroscience, Molecular and Cellular Systems

Damage to the frontal lobes, particularly on the left, will impair language capacity. This chapter reviews language impairment at four discrete, although overlapping, levels of clinical phenomena: ... More


Aging, Memory, and Frontal Lobe Functioning

Fergus I.M. Craik and Cheryl L. Grady

in Principles of Frontal Lobe Function

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780195134971
eISBN:
9780199864157
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195134971.003.0031
Subject:
Neuroscience, Behavioral Neuroscience, Molecular and Cellular Systems

A recent review of the evidence for the frontal lobe aging hypothesis concluded that too little attention has been paid to evidence for changes seen elsewhere in the brain and advocates a network ... More


Effects of Aging on Memory and Attention: A Frontal Lobe Problem?

Fergus I. M. Craik

in Mind and the Frontal Lobes: Cognition, Behavior, and Brain Imaging

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780199791569
eISBN:
9780199919215
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199791569.003.0054
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Neuroscience

In this chapter I explore the similarities and differences between the effects of normal aging and the effects of frontal lobe damage on aspects of memory and attention. It is well established that ... More


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