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Brain Bases of Levels of Specificity and Levels of Control, Part 1: The Frontal Cortex, and Beyond

Wilma Koutstaal

in The Agile Mind

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780195367188
eISBN:
9780199918232
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195367188.003.0042
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology

This chapter focuses predominantly on the relatively more controlled and abstract ends of the levels of control and levels of specificity continua. It considers evidence at several levels, including ... More


Association Pathways of the Prefrontal Cortex and Functional Observations

Michael Petrides and Deepak N. Pandya

in Principles of Frontal Lobe Function

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780195134971
eISBN:
9780199864157
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195134971.003.0003
Subject:
Neuroscience, Behavioral Neuroscience, Molecular and Cellular Systems

This chapter focuses on the association pathways linking post-Rolandic cortical areas with particular prefrontal cortical regions, including comments on their possible functional significance. It ... More


The Frontal Cortex and Working with Memory

Morris Moscovitch and Gordon Winocur

in Principles of Frontal Lobe Function

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780195134971
eISBN:
9780199864157
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195134971.003.0012
Subject:
Neuroscience, Behavioral Neuroscience, Molecular and Cellular Systems

This chapter focuses on studies from animal and human-based research that reflect a general approach and provide converging evidence in support of the working-with-memory (WWM) model. It suggests ... More


Fundamentals of the septo-hippocampal system

Jeffrey A. Gray and Neil McNaughton

in The Neuropsychology of Anxiety: An enquiry into the function of the septo-hippocampal system

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
January 2008
ISBN:
9780198522713
eISBN:
9780191712517
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198522713.003.0009
Subject:
Psychology, Neuropsychology

This chapter reviews data that provide critical principals that need to be explained by any theory of the septo-hippocampal system: 1) that it mediates the action of all anti-anxiety drugs; 2) ... More


The mid-ventrolateral frontal cortex and attentional control

Adrian M. Owen and Adam Hampshire

in Neuroimaging of Human Memory: Linking cognitive processes to neural systems

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780199217298
eISBN:
9780191696077
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199217298.003.0011
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Models and Architectures

This chapter examines neuroimaging evidence that suggests that the mid-ventrolateral frontal cortex plays a specific role in intended action; that is, any behaviour that is consciously willed by the ... More


Memory

Joaquín M. Fuster

in Cortex and Mind: Unifying Cognition

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780195300840
eISBN:
9780199863655
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195300840.003.0005
Subject:
Neuroscience, Molecular and Cellular Systems

In everyday parlance, memory is understood to be the ability to remember the mental traces of experience, of past events, and learned facts. This common view of memory is essentially based on the ... More


On Broca, Brain, and Binding

Peter Hagoort

in Broca's Region

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780195177640
eISBN:
9780199864799
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195177640.003.0015
Subject:
Neuroscience, Sensory and Motor Systems, Behavioral Neuroscience

This chapter begins by distinguishing between Broca's area in neuroanatomical, neuropsychological, and functional terms. It addresses the question: Is Broca's area a natural kind? That is, does it ... More


Perception

Joaquín M. Fuster

in Cortex and Mind: Unifying Cognition

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780195300840
eISBN:
9780199863655
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195300840.003.0004
Subject:
Neuroscience, Molecular and Cellular Systems

This chapter argues that cortical networks and the knowledge they represent are hierarchically organized in layers by order of complexity or generality of cognitive content. These layers correspond ... More


David Ferrier and Eduard Hitzig: The Experimentalists Map the Cerebral Cortex

Stanley Finger

in Minds Behind the Brain: A history of the pioneers and their discoveries

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780195181821
eISBN:
9780199865277
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195181821.003.0011
Subject:
Neuroscience, History of Neuroscience

At the Seventh International Medical Congress held in London late in the summer of 1881, two individuals with contrasting ideas about brain physiology presented their experimental findings and ... More


Neglect in Monkeys: effect of permanent and reversible lesions

Claire Wardak, Etienne Olivier, and Jean-René Duhamel

in The Cognitive and Neural Bases of Spatial Neglect

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780198508335
eISBN:
9780191687327
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198508335.003.0003
Subject:
Psychology, Neuropsychology

This chapter outlines results from permanent and reversible lesion experiments in monkeys. It also describes these in the light of current knowledge of the anatomical and functional organization of ... More


The Social Brain

Nikolas Rose and Joelle M. Abi-Rached

in Neuro: The New Brain Sciences and the Management of the Mind

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691149608
eISBN:
9781400846337
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691149608.003.0006
Subject:
Neuroscience, Development

This chapter looks at the social brain hypothesis. The term social brain has come to stand for the argument that the human brain, and indeed that of some other animals, is specialized for a ... More


Perceptual and Conceptual Interactions in Object Recognition and Expertise

Thomas W. James and George S. Cree

in Perceptual Expertise: Bridging Brain and Behavior

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
February 2010
ISBN:
9780195309607
eISBN:
9780199865291
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195309607.003.0012
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology, Vision

Object recognition is generally studied as a visual process; however, there is evidence to suggest that conceptual information is recruited in tasks that are thought to be primarily perceptual. ... More


Contributions of Ventromedial Prefrontal and Frontal Polar Cortex to Reinforcement Learning and Value-Based Choice

Erie D. Boorman and MaryAnn P. Noonan

in Neural Basis of Motivational and Cognitive Control

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
August 2013
ISBN:
9780262016438
eISBN:
9780262298490
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262016438.003.0004
Subject:
Neuroscience, Behavioral Neuroscience

This chapter considers the functional contributions of the ventromedial prefrontal cortex (VMPFC), the adjacent lateral orbital frontal cortex (OFC), and the frontal polar cortex (FPC) to ... More


From vision to action: how the primate brain encodes and remembers visuomotor space

Michael S.A. Graziano, Mary E. Wheeler, and Charles G. Gross

in Brain, Perception, Memory: Advances in Cognitive Neuroscience

Published in print:
2000
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780198524823
eISBN:
9780191689246
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198524823.003.0002
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology

This chapter gives a fascinating account of recent developments in the study of ‘how the primate brain encodes and remembers visuomotor space’. Traditionally, the central sulcus was thought to be the ... More


Fronto-Basal-Ganglia Circuits for Stopping Action

Ian Greenhouse, Nicole C. Swann, and Adam R. Aron

in Neural Basis of Motivational and Cognitive Control

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
August 2013
ISBN:
9780262016438
eISBN:
9780262298490
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262016438.003.0011
Subject:
Neuroscience, Behavioral Neuroscience

This chapter discusses the role of the fronto-basal-ganglia circuit in reactive and proactive stopping. It first presents a brief overview of the neural circuit for reactive stopping. It focuses on ... More


Brain structures of musicians: executive functions and morphological implications

Gottfried Schlaug

in Music, Motor Control and the Brain

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780199298723
eISBN:
9780191700903
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199298723.003.0009
Subject:
Psychology, Music Psychology

This chapter discusses the data on structural differences found between the brains of musicians and non-musicians, with an emphasis on regional differences beyond the primary sensorimotor region and ... More


Neurobiology Of Chronic Pain

Min Zhuo

in Neurovascular Medicine: Pursuing Cellular Longevity for Healthy Aging

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780195326697
eISBN:
9780199864874
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195326697.003.0006
Subject:
Neuroscience, Molecular and Cellular Systems

Understanding the neurobiology of sensory synapses in the central nervous system provides us with basic knowledge of physiological and pathological pain, and has the potential to reveal possible drug ... More


Peter H. Schiller

Larry R. Squire

in The History of Neuroscience in Autobiography: Volume 7

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780195396133
eISBN:
9780199918409
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195396133.003.0014
Subject:
Neuroscience, History of Neuroscience

Peter H. Schiller, in collaboration with numerous investigators, has carried out research using psychophysical methods, single-cell recordings, microstimulation and pharmacological manipulations. The ... More


The Binding Problem for Language, and Its Consequences for the Neurocognition of Comprehension

Peter Hagoort

in The Processing and Acquisition of Reference

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
August 2013
ISBN:
9780262015127
eISBN:
9780262295888
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262015127.003.0016
Subject:
Linguistics, Psycholinguistics / Neurolinguistics / Cognitive Linguistics

This chapter examines the neurocognition of language comprehension by using a broad-coverage model in combination with neuropsychological data on sentence processing. It first looks at the main ... More


On the orbito-striatal interface in (acoustic) emotional processing

Sonja A. Kotz, Anna S. Hasting, and Silke Paulmann

in Evolution of Emotional Communication: From Sounds in Nonhuman Mammals to Speech and Music in Man

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
May 2013
ISBN:
9780199583560
eISBN:
9780191747489
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199583560.003.0014
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology, Evolutionary Psychology

This chapter provides a comprehensive overview of the functional roles of the orbitofrontal cortex (OFC) and the basal ganglia (BG) in the processing of vocal emotional expressions in humans. We ... More


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