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Atomic Force Microscopy

C. Julian Chen

in Introduction to Scanning Tunneling Microscopy: Second Edition

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780199211500
eISBN:
9780191705991
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199211500.003.0015
Subject:
Physics, Condensed Matter Physics / Materials

This chapter discusses atomic force microscopy (AFM), focusing on the methods for atomic force detection. Although the force detection always requires a cantilever, there are two types of modes: the ... More


Atomic Force Microscopy

C. Julian Chen

in Introduction to Scanning Tunneling Microscopy

Published in print:
2021
Published Online:
April 2021
ISBN:
9780198856559
eISBN:
9780191889905
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198856559.003.0016
Subject:
Physics, Condensed Matter Physics / Materials

This chapter discusses atomic force microscopy (AFM), focusing on the methods for atomic force detection. Although the force detection always requires a cantilever, there are two types of modes: the ... More


Raman Scattering and Optical Properties of Pure Water

Raymond C. Smith and Bruce R. Marshall

in Ocean Optics

Published in print:
1994
Published Online:
November 2020
ISBN:
9780195068436
eISBN:
9780197560235
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780195068436.003.0016
Subject:
Earth Sciences and Geography, Oceanography and Hydrology

There are numerous observations of the spectral attenuation, absorption, and scattering of distilled water and seawater. Morel (1974) reviewed the literature with respect to the attenuation ... More


Randomness as Irrelevance

Arlin Stoltzfus

in Mutation, Randomness, and Evolution

Published in print:
2021
Published Online:
May 2021
ISBN:
9780198844457
eISBN:
9780191880063
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198844457.003.0006
Subject:
Biology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics, Biochemistry / Molecular Biology

Under the neo-Darwinian theory, selection is the potter and variation is the clay: peculiarities or regularities of variation may emerge from internal causes, but these are ultimately irrelevant, ... More


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