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Introduction

Michael Doebeli

in Adaptive Diversification (MPB-48)

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691128931
eISBN:
9781400838936
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691128931.003.0001
Subject:
Biology, Biodiversity / Conservation Biology

This introductory chapter provides an overview of frequency-dependent selection—the phenomenon that the evolving population is part of the changing environment determining the evolutionary ... More


Dynamics: Density‐ and Frequency‐Dependent Changes in Trait Distributions

Douglas W. Morris and Per Lundberg

in Pillars of Evolution: Fundamental principles of the eco-evolutionary process

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
December 2013
ISBN:
9780198568797
eISBN:
9780191774690
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198568797.003.0006
Subject:
Biology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics

Although we must understand the mechanical nuts and bolts of inheritance, evolution occurs through changes in the population frequencies of traits, trait values, and genes in time and space, values ... More


The evolution and maintenance of Müllerian mimicry

Graeme D. Ruxton, William L. Allen, Thomas N. Sherratt, and Michael P. Speed

in Avoiding Attack: The Evolutionary Ecology of Crypsis, Aposematism, and Mimicry

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
September 2018
ISBN:
9780199688678
eISBN:
9780191868498
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780199688678.003.0008
Subject:
Biology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics, Animal Biology

Müllerian mimicry arises when unpalatable or otherwise unprofitable species evolve a similar appearance. While Batesian mimicry is widely considered to have evolved in palatable prey as a consequence ... More


Signal Processing by the Brain

Peter Townsend

in The Evolution of Music through Culture and Science

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
November 2019
ISBN:
9780198848400
eISBN:
9780191882968
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198848400.003.0004
Subject:
Physics, History of Physics

Our responses to sound and light are crucial. We sense them over intensity ranges of at least one million to one. Our brain makes compromises to deal with so much information. The strategy is to just ... More


Setting the Scene

John M. McNamara and Olof Leimar

in Game Theory in Biology: concepts and frontiers

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
November 2020
ISBN:
9780198815778
eISBN:
9780191853456
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198815778.003.0001
Subject:
Biology, Biomathematics / Statistics and Data Analysis / Complexity Studies, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics

The chapter starts with an introduction to game theory in biology, describing its overall aims. The basic concept of frequency dependence is then presented, together with a number of illustrative ... More


Host–parasite co-evolution

Paul Schmid-Hempel

in Evolutionary Parasitology: The Integrated Study of Infections, Immunology, Ecology, and Genetics

Published in print:
2021
Published Online:
September 2021
ISBN:
9780198832140
eISBN:
9780191870873
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198832140.003.0014
Subject:
Biology, Disease Ecology / Epidemiology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics

Macroevolutionary patterns concern phylogenies of hosts and their parasites. From those, co-speciation occurs; but host switching is a common evolutionary process and more likely when hosts are close ... More


Dynamic aspects of liquid interfaces

Bob Aveyard

in Surfactants: In Solution, at Interfaces and in Colloidal Dispersions

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
December 2019
ISBN:
9780198828600
eISBN:
9780191867125
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198828600.003.0006
Subject:
Physics, Condensed Matter Physics / Materials, Soft Matter / Biological Physics

Following the rapid formation of the surface of a surfactant so′′lution, the dynamic interfacial tension falls with time as a result of the finite time needed for surfactant adsorption. Surfaces can ... More


Optical Responses

J. B. Ketterson

in The Physics of Solids

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
December 2016
ISBN:
9780198742906
eISBN:
9780191821523
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198742906.003.0029
Subject:
Physics, Condensed Matter Physics / Materials

Important information about the excitation spectra of semiconductors and insulators can be obtained by studying the frequency dependence of the absorption of light passing through the material. This ... More


Sex Ratios and Sex Allocation

Steven Hecht Orzack

in Evolutionary Ecology: Concepts and Case Studies

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
November 2020
ISBN:
9780195131543
eISBN:
9780197561461
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780195131543.003.0018
Subject:
Environmental Science, Applied Ecology

Understanding the allocation of energy is the goal of the evolutionary analysis of sex allocation. Whether one is concerned with the relative sizes of male and female flower parts in plants like ... More


Batesian mimicry and masquerade

Graeme D. Ruxton, William L. Allen, Thomas N. Sherratt, and Michael P. Speed

in Avoiding Attack: The Evolutionary Ecology of Crypsis, Aposematism, and Mimicry

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
September 2018
ISBN:
9780199688678
eISBN:
9780191868498
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780199688678.003.0010
Subject:
Biology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics, Animal Biology

This chapter concerns Batesian mimicry, which is the resemblance of a palatable species to an unpalatable or otherwise unprofitable species. Often these unprofitable models have warning signals, ... More


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