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 The Gilded Age and Progressive Era: Mastery, Modern Doubt, and the Costs of Progress

Christopher McKnight Nichols

in Prophesies of Godlessness: Predictions of America's Iminent Secularization from the Puritans to Postmodernity

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
September 2008
ISBN:
9780195342536
eISBN:
9780199867042
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195342536.003.0007
Subject:
Religion, Religion and Society

This chapter examines three important strands of progressive thought in the late nineteenth century to reveal the tensions between ideas about progress, religion, and science, and resulting ... More


The Riddle of Hume's Treatise: Skepticism, Naturalism, and Irreligion

Paul Russell

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
May 2008
ISBN:
9780195110333
eISBN:
9780199872084
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195110333.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, History of Philosophy

Although it is widely recognized that David Hume's A Treatise of Human Nature (1739‐40) belongs among the greatest works of philosophy, there is little agreement about the correct way to interpret ... More


The Cabala of Pegasus

Giordano Bruno

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
October 2013
ISBN:
9780300092172
eISBN:
9780300127911
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Yale University Press
DOI:
10.12987/yale/9780300092172.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Language

Giordano Bruno's The Cabala of Pegasus grew out of the great Italian philosopher's experiences lecturing and debating at Oxford in early 1584. Having received a cold reception there because of his ... More


Medicine in the Boudoir: The Marquis de Sade and Medical Understanding ­after the Reign of Terror

Sean M. Quinlan

in Morbid Undercurrents: Medical Subcultures in Postrevolutionary France

Published in print:
2021
Published Online:
January 2022
ISBN:
9781501758331
eISBN:
9781501758348
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Cornell University Press
DOI:
10.7591/cornell/9781501758331.003.0003
Subject:
History, European Modern History

This chapter begins with discussing the Marquis de Sade's La Philosophie dans le boudoir. It argues that Sade used medicine for specific political and ideological reasons rooted in the revolutionary ... More


Eve’s Curse

Kimberly A. Hamlin

in From Eve to Evolution: Darwin, Science, and Women's Rights in Gilded Age America

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
September 2014
ISBN:
9780226134611
eISBN:
9780226134758
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226134758.003.0002
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

Chapter One argues that the Genesis creation story played a defining role in debates about women’s rights for generations and that this is why so many women responded enthusiastically to Darwinian ... More


The Fringes of Belief: English Literature, Ancient Heresy, and the Politics of Freethinking, 1660-1760

Sarah Ellenzweig

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
June 2013
ISBN:
9780804758772
eISBN:
9780804769792
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Stanford University Press
DOI:
10.11126/stanford/9780804758772.001.0001
Subject:
History, Cultural History

This book is the first literary study of freethinking and religious skepticism in the English Enlightenment. The book aims to redress this scholarly lacuna, arguing that a literature of English ... More


Freethinking feminists: women in the Freethought movement

Laura Schwartz

in Infidel feminism: Secularism, religion and women's emancipation, England 1830–1914

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
May 2013
ISBN:
9780719085826
eISBN:
9781781704936
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Manchester University Press
DOI:
10.7228/manchester/9780719085826.003.0002
Subject:
History, Cultural History

This chapter introduces the women who form the subject of this study – tracing their class and denominational backgrounds, examining their lives in the context of wider female involvement in the ... More


Preachers of truth: women's activism in the Secularist movement

Laura Schwartz

in Infidel feminism: Secularism, religion and women's emancipation, England 1830–1914

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
May 2013
ISBN:
9780719085826
eISBN:
9781781704936
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Manchester University Press
DOI:
10.7228/manchester/9780719085826.003.0004
Subject:
History, Cultural History

This chapter examines the journeys of the women in studies from Christianity into the organised Freethought movement and examines their attempts to carve out a ‘public’ role as prominent lecturers, ... More


Freethinking feminists and the women's movement

Laura Schwartz

in Infidel feminism: Secularism, religion and women's emancipation, England 1830–1914

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
May 2013
ISBN:
9780719085826
eISBN:
9781781704936
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Manchester University Press
DOI:
10.7228/manchester/9780719085826.003.0006
Subject:
History, Cultural History

This chapter examines the contributions of Freethinking feminists to the women's rights movement and how they negotiated its predominantly Christian culture. The Freethinking emphasis on the sanctity ... More


Conclusion

Laura Schwartz

in Infidel feminism: Secularism, religion and women's emancipation, England 1830–1914

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
May 2013
ISBN:
9780719085826
eISBN:
9781781704936
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Manchester University Press
DOI:
10.7228/manchester/9780719085826.003.0008
Subject:
History, Cultural History

This chapter notes that first-wave feminism involved a fierce battle of ideas over religion, a battle which was itself crucial in the creation of modern understandings of religion and secularisation. ... More


Introduction: Literary Culture, the Classical Past, and the Rise of Restoration Freethinking

in The Fringes of Belief: English Literature, Ancient Heresy, and the Politics of Freethinking, 1660-1760

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
June 2013
ISBN:
9780804758772
eISBN:
9780804769792
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Stanford University Press
DOI:
10.11126/stanford/9780804758772.003.0001
Subject:
History, Cultural History

This chapter introduces the main themes of the book, arguing that in the English imagination, it was possible to reject Christianity as divine truth while defending the necessary authority of the ... More


Rochester, Blount, and the Faith of Unbelief

in The Fringes of Belief: English Literature, Ancient Heresy, and the Politics of Freethinking, 1660-1760

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
June 2013
ISBN:
9780804758772
eISBN:
9780804769792
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Stanford University Press
DOI:
10.11126/stanford/9780804758772.003.0002
Subject:
History, Cultural History

This chapter argues not only that Rochester's religious stance deserves an attention it has not yet received, but also that his condemnation of religion, evident also in his conversations with ... More


Pathways of Political Change

J. C. D. Clark

in Thomas Paine: Britain, America, and France in the Age of Enlightenment and Revolution

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
February 2018
ISBN:
9780198816997
eISBN:
9780191858666
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198816997.003.0003
Subject:
History, American History: early to 18th Century, History of Ideas

Paine showed throughout his career a historically well-informed awareness of the shortcomings of English monarchs after 1688 and 1714, whom he regarded as usurpers: it was a practical critique that ... More


Three Critics

Frederick C. Beiser

in David Friedrich Strauß, Father of Unbelief: An Intellectual Biography

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
October 2020
ISBN:
9780198859857
eISBN:
9780191892240
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198859857.003.0017
Subject:
Philosophy, History of Philosophy

This chapter examines the criticisms of three prominent Strauß critics: Nietzsche, Treitschke, and Schweitzer. Nietzsche’s criticism is disarmed by showing how it applies entirely to the later ... More


Conclusion: Secularity and Toleration, Liberty and Freethinking

Carool Kersten

in Islam in Indonesia: The Contest for Society, Ideas and Values

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
October 2016
ISBN:
9780190247775
eISBN:
9780190638528
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780190247775.003.0008
Subject:
Religion, Islam

The conclusion attributes the polarization of debates between progressive and reactionary Muslims to two factors. First of all, frustrations on both sides with politics in Indonesia due to the ... More


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