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The Law for the Repression of Freemasonry and Communism and its Application in Madrid, 1940–1945

JULIUS RUIZ

in Franco's Justice: Repression in Madrid after the Spanish Civil War

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780199281831
eISBN:
9780191712999
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199281831.003.0007
Subject:
History, European Modern History

This chapter considers the Law of the Repression of Freemasonry and Communism. It considers the question of why this law was needed at all, because the other repressions already facilitated the ... More


Civilizing and Its Discontents

J. P. DAUGHTON

in An Empire Divided: Religion, Republicanism, and the Making of French Colonialism, 1880-1914

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780195305302
eISBN:
9780199866991
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195305302.003.0004
Subject:
History, European Modern History

This chapter describes that the new hope brought by Paul Doumer's government to the region only reignited internecine fighting among Frenchmen of differing religious and political orientations. It ... More


An African Homeland?: African Institutions and Emigration in the 1780s and 1790s

James Sidbury

in Becoming African in America: Race and Nation in the Early Black Atlantic, 1760-1830

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780195320107
eISBN:
9780199789009
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195320107.003.0004
Subject:
History, American History: early to 18th Century

This chapter traces the rise of the African Baptist Church of Savannah, Georgia, one of the early churches to describe itself as “African”, and the progenitor of black Baptist churches in Canada, ... More


Theatrical Subcultures: Fireworks, Freemasonry, and Philip de Loutherbourg

David Worrall

in Theatric Revolution: Drama, Censorship, and Romantic Period Subcultures 1773-1832

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780199276752
eISBN:
9780191707643
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199276752.003.0005
Subject:
Literature, Drama

This chapter examines the complex networks of sociability, arcane religious belief, and immigrant theatrical talent, which sustained the London playhouses during the 1770s. Painter and scene ... More


Battle Lines

Jill Edwards

in Anglo-American Relations and the Franco Question, 1945–1955

Published in print:
1999
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198228714
eISBN:
9780191678813
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198228714.003.0011
Subject:
History, European Modern History

Taunts from the Senate, damaging to President Harry S. Truman's claim that he would not tolerate religious persecution in Spain, led him to call for a study of the problem. The ensuing report ... More


The Promise of Change

John A. Davis

in Naples and Napoleon: Southern Italy and the European Revolutions, 1780-1860

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780198207559
eISBN:
9780191716720
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198207559.003.0010
Subject:
History, European Modern History

The promise of change initially met with strong support in Naples, but why did southern Italy become a showcase of the empire's frequently proclaimed ‘modernizing mission’? In other peripheral states ... More


A Kingdom Divided

John A. Davis

in Naples and Napoleon: Southern Italy and the European Revolutions, 1780-1860

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780198207559
eISBN:
9780191716720
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198207559.003.0013
Subject:
History, European Modern History

Following from the analysis of brigandage and its causes, this chapter examines the consequences of Murat's increasingly insecure place in the imperial enterprise. The confrontation with Napoleon in ... More


Riotous Assemblies: the Army and Navy in the Theatre

GILLIAN RUSSELL

in The Theatres of War: Performance, Politics, and Society 1793-1815

Published in print:
1995
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198122630
eISBN:
9780191671500
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198122630.003.0005
Subject:
Literature, Drama

John Philip Kemble, the manager-proprietor of the Covent Garden Theatre, made plans to rebuild the theatre after it had been destroyed by fire. These plans included the staging of a public ceremonial ... More


Gerald Gardner

Ronald Hutton

in The Triumph of the Moon: A History of Modern Pagan Witchcraft

Published in print:
1999
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198207443
eISBN:
9780191677670
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198207443.003.0011
Subject:
History, History of Religion

This chapter focuses on Gerald Brosseau Gardner, the person most prominently associated with the appearance of modern pagan witchcraft. Gardner had a keen interest in the supernatural, which led him ... More


Finding a Structure

Ronald Hutton

in The Triumph of the Moon: A History of Modern Pagan Witchcraft

Published in print:
1999
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198207443
eISBN:
9780191677670
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198207443.003.0004
Subject:
History, History of Religion

This chapter traces the widespread growth of secret societies in Europe from the 18th century onwards. Members were initiated into these societies upon an oath to observe confidentiality of ... More


Stealing Fire from Heaven: The Rise of Modern Western Magic

Nevill Drury

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
May 2011
ISBN:
9780199750993
eISBN:
9780199894871
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199750993.001.0001
Subject:
Religion, Religion and Society

Twentieth-century Western magic has been shaped by many diverse influences, including Gnosticism and the Hermetica, the medieval Kabbalah, Tarot, and Alchemy, and more recently, Rosicrucianism and ... More


The Western Esoteric Traditions: A Historical Introduction

Nicholas Goodrick-Clarke

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
September 2011
ISBN:
9780195320992
eISBN:
9780199852062
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195320992.001.0001
Subject:
Religion, World Religions

Western esotericism combines spirituality with an empirical observation of the natural world while also relating humanity to the universe through a harmonious celestial order. This introduction to ... More


Brotherly Love: Freemasonry and Male Friendship in Enlightenment France

Kenneth Loiselle

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
August 2016
ISBN:
9780801452437
eISBN:
9780801454875
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Cornell University Press
DOI:
10.7591/cornell/9780801452437.001.0001
Subject:
History, European Modern History

Friendship, an acquired relationship primarily based on choice rather than birth, lay at the heart of Enlightenment preoccupations with sociability and the formation of the private sphere. This book ... More


High-Grade Freemasonry and Illuminism in the Eighteenth Century

Nicholas Goodrick-Clarke

in The Western Esoteric Traditions: A Historical Introduction

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
September 2011
ISBN:
9780195320992
eISBN:
9780199852062
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195320992.003.0008
Subject:
Religion, World Religions

This chapter examines 18th-century Freemasonry and illuminism and its influence on the history of Western esotericism. After Rosicrucianism supplied the myth of a secret society cultivating hermetic ... More


Ritual Magic from 1850 to the Present

Nicholas Goodrick-Clarke

in The Western Esoteric Traditions: A Historical Introduction

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
September 2011
ISBN:
9780195320992
eISBN:
9780199852062
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195320992.003.0011
Subject:
Religion, World Religions

This chapter examines ritual magic from 1850 to the present. The modern occult revival of the 19th century was a complex phenomenon with widespread causes. Romanticism stimulated interest in the ... More


Helena Blavatsky and the Theosophical Society

Nicholas Goodrick-Clarke

in The Western Esoteric Traditions: A Historical Introduction

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
September 2011
ISBN:
9780195320992
eISBN:
9780199852062
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195320992.003.0012
Subject:
Religion, World Religions

This chapter examines the influence of the theosophy works of Helena Blavatsky on the revival of Western esotericism in the modern era. The Theosophical Society founded in New York in 1875 by ... More


A Secret Society History of the Civil War

Mark A. Lause

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
April 2017
ISBN:
9780252036552
eISBN:
9780252093593
Item type:
book
Publisher:
University of Illinois Press
DOI:
10.5406/illinois/9780252036552.001.0001
Subject:
History, American History: Civil War

This history of the Civil War considers the impact of nineteenth-century American secret societies on the path to as well as the course of the war. Beginning with the European secret societies that ... More


“A Taste for Associations”: Reconstructing White Identities in Postwar Natchez

Susan T. Falck

in Remembering Dixie: The Battle to Control Historical Memory in Natchez, Mississippi, 1865-1941

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
May 2020
ISBN:
9781496824400
eISBN:
9781496824448
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University Press of Mississippi
DOI:
10.14325/mississippi/9781496824400.003.0004
Subject:
History, American History: 20th Century

This chapter explores how white male associations defined a new postwar identity for Natchez men, many of whom established local Lost Cause traditions. Freemasonry grew rapidly in the late antebellum ... More


Respectability and Representation: Black Freemasonry, Race, and Early Free Black Leadership1

Chernoh M. Sesay

in Black Knowledges/Black Struggles: Essays in Critical Epistemology

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
May 2016
ISBN:
9781781381724
eISBN:
9781781382257
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Liverpool University Press
DOI:
10.5949/liverpool/9781781381724.003.0003
Subject:
Literature, Criticism/Theory

This chapter traces the discourses of African Lodge No. 459, the first Black Masonic lodge in the US. It argues that as part of the ‘first generation of Black leadership’ in the post ... More


Ecclesia Militans

Porter-Szücs Brian

in Faith and Fatherland: Catholicism, Modernity, and Poland

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
September 2011
ISBN:
9780195399059
eISBN:
9780199896844
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195399059.003.0007
Subject:
History, European Modern History

A rhetorical militancy has long been a component of Catholic rhetoric, but in different contexts the martial allusions surrounding the concept of the “Ecclesia Milatans” have had different ... More


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