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Locke, Bayle, and Spinoza: A Contest of Three Toleration Doctrines

Jonathan I. Israel

in Enlightenment Contested: Philosophy, Modernity, and the Emancipation of Man 1670-1752

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780199279227
eISBN:
9780191700040
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199279227.003.0006
Subject:
History, History of Ideas, European Modern History

This chapter discusses the toleration theories of Lock, Bayle, and Spinoza, which appeared during the Early Enlightenment. Locke’s theory of toleration is overwhelmingly concerned with freedom of ... More


A Thinker-Based Approach to Freedom of Speech

Seana Valentine Shiffrin

in Speech Matters: On Lying, Morality, and the Law

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691157023
eISBN:
9781400852529
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691157023.003.0004
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

This chapter examines the foundational connection between the grounds for the moral prohibition on lying and the moral and political protection of freedom of speech. Both the prohibition on lying and ... More


Libertas’ philosophandi, or the Liberty of Thought

Hilary Gatti

in Ideas of Liberty in Early Modern Europe: From Machiavelli to Milton

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691163833
eISBN:
9781400866304
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691163833.003.0004
Subject:
Philosophy, Political Philosophy

This chapter discusses the freedom of thought and speech as it relates to the political, artistic, cultural, and scientific realms. The question of liberty here is raised as ideas of a new ... More


The Claim to Freedom of Conscience: Freedom of Speech, Freedom of Thought, Freedom of Worship?

John Dunn

in From Persecution to Toleration: The Glorious Revolution and Religion in England

Published in print:
1991
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198201960
eISBN:
9780191675102
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198201960.003.0007
Subject:
History, British and Irish Early Modern History, History of Religion

This chapter focuses on John Locke's Epistola de tolerantia or A Letter concerning Toleration, a text which advocates freedom of conscience, worship, belief, and speech. The single most important ... More


To Follow the Argument where it Leads: An Antiquarian View of the Aim of Academic Freedom at the University of Chicago

Richard A. Shweder

in Who's Afraid of Academic Freedom?

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
November 2015
ISBN:
9780231168809
eISBN:
9780231538794
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Columbia University Press
DOI:
10.7312/columbia/9780231168809.003.0010
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

This chapter examines academic freedom at the University of Chicago, which proudly thinks of itself as a Socratic, free-thinking, and contentious institution. More specifically, it considers the ... More


J. S. Mill: Democracy and the Authority of the Instructed

Dana Villa

in Teachers of the People: Political Education in Rousseau, Hegel, Tocqueville, and Mill

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
May 2018
ISBN:
9780226467498
eISBN:
9780226467528
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226467528.003.0005
Subject:
Political Science, Political Theory

This chapter looks at tension between the anti-paternalism of On Liberty and the paternalism found in Mill's Considerations on Representative Government. Mill was deeply impressed by Tocqueville's ... More


On Liberty: Overcoming the West's One-Sided Moral Development

Robert Devigne

in Reforming Liberalism: J.S. Mill's Use of Ancient, Religious, Liberal, and Romantic Moralities

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
October 2013
ISBN:
9780300112429
eISBN:
9780300133905
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Yale University Press
DOI:
10.12987/yale/9780300112429.003.0005
Subject:
Philosophy, Political Philosophy

This chapter further explores and analyzes the implications that can be derived from John Stuart Mill's On Liberty. At its center, the work places the objectives of both the good and the right—or the ... More


Freedom of Conscience and Religion: A Brief Reflection

Sumner B Twiss

in Islamic Law and International Human Rights Law

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
January 2013
ISBN:
9780199641444
eISBN:
9780191741104
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199641444.003.0014
Subject:
Law, Human Rights and Immigration, Comparative Law

This chapter comments on the discussions in Chapters 10 and 11. It reflects on the formula used by all the relevant international documents: ‘freedom of thought, conscience, and religion’, and ... More


Conversion

Thomas L. Dumm

in Crediting God: Sovereignty and Religion in the Age of Global Capitalism

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
March 2011
ISBN:
9780823233199
eISBN:
9780823233212
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Fordham University Press
DOI:
10.5422/fso/9780823233199.003.0017
Subject:
Religion, Philosophy of Religion

This chapter takes up the Tocquevillian motif of an individualism in American democratic society (“loneliness”) as the basis from which to begin to think about the ... More


Taking rights seriously? Official policy and actual practice

Randall Peerenboom

in China Modernizes: Threat to the West or Model for the Rest?

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780199226122
eISBN:
9780191696183
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199226122.003.0003
Subject:
Economics and Finance, South and East Asia

This chapter presents a brief overview of the official human rights policy of the People's Republic of China (PRC) and examines China's record on personal integrity rights and civil and political ... More


A Constitutional Right to Use Thought-Enhancing Technology

Marc Jonathan Blitz

in Cognitive Enhancement: Ethical and Policy Implications in International Perspectives

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
August 2016
ISBN:
9780199396818
eISBN:
9780199396825
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199396818.003.0018
Subject:
Philosophy, General, Moral Philosophy

Free speech law allows us to enhance our thinking with language and various forms of artistic expression. We might, for example, enhance our memories with note taking or enhance our mental operations ... More


Digital Dualism and the “Speech as Thought” Paradox

Katharine Gelber and Susan J. Brison

in Free Speech in the Digital Age

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
March 2019
ISBN:
9780190883591
eISBN:
9780190883638
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190883591.003.0002
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

This chapter critiques the view, expressed in the 1996 Barlow Declaration and elsewhere, that the digital realm—“cyberspace”—is a disembodied space for pure thought. This chapter shows that the view ... More


The Right to Religious and Moral Freedom

Michael J. Perry

in Religion and Human Rights: An Introduction

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
March 2015
ISBN:
9780199733453
eISBN:
9780190258269
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:osobl/9780199733453.003.0016
Subject:
Religion, Religion and Society

This chapter examines the right to religious and moral freedom, first by considering the provisions set forth in Article 18 of the International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights. In particular, ... More


Obscurantism and Academic Freedom

Jon Elster

in Who's Afraid of Academic Freedom?

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
November 2015
ISBN:
9780231168809
eISBN:
9780231538794
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Columbia University Press
DOI:
10.7312/columbia/9780231168809.003.0006
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

This chapter examines the threats to academic freedom that arise from more informal, horizontal mechanisms. Specifically, it explains how the pervasive practices of what it calls hard and soft ... More


Legal Exemptions for Religious Feelings

Kevin Vallier and Michael Weber

in Religious Exemptions

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
January 2018
ISBN:
9780190666187
eISBN:
9780190666217
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190666187.003.0006
Subject:
Philosophy, Political Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

This essay examines official forms of governmental inquiry into the religious feelings of Muslim citizens. It identifies a series of normative problems with currently available investigative ... More


Persons: Status and Liberty

John Baker

in Introduction to English Legal History

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
June 2019
ISBN:
9780198812609
eISBN:
9780191850400
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198812609.003.0027
Subject:
Law, Legal History

This chapter, after some initial remarks about the legal status of women, aliens, and monks, is concerned with the history of personal liberty. Early law recognized the unfree status of villeins, but ... More


April 2008: Conscience and Public Service

Kenneth McK Norrie

in Professor Norrie's Commentaries on Family Law

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
September 2015
ISBN:
9781845861193
eISBN:
9781474406246
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Edinburgh University Press
DOI:
10.3366/edinburgh/9781845861193.003.0036
Subject:
Law, Family Law

Discusses a number of decisions in which public officials have sought exemption from carrying out their duties because to do so would give recognition to same-sex couples and so would be contrary to ... More


Conclusion

Karin Fischer

in Schools and the Politics of Religion and Diversity in the Republic of Ireland: Separate But Equal?

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
January 2017
ISBN:
9780719091964
eISBN:
9781526115379
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Manchester University Press
DOI:
10.7228/manchester/9780719091964.003.0009
Subject:
Sociology, Education

Concluding comments focus on the contradiction between new teaching contents and approaches that strive to take into account changing Irish realities and open paths for sociocultural reconfiguration ... More


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