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Extreme Speech and the Democratic Functions of the Mass Media

Jacob Rowbottom

in Extreme Speech and Democracy

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780199548781
eISBN:
9780191720673
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199548781.003.0032
Subject:
Law, Human Rights and Immigration

This chapter discusses the democratic justification for media freedom. The approach taken towards the media in relation to extreme speech is distinguished from that taken towards the individual. The ... More


Mencken: The American Iconoclast

Marion Elizabeth Rodgers

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780195072389
eISBN:
9780199787982
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195072389.001.0001
Subject:
Literature, 19th-century and Victorian Literature

Mencken believed that the Constitution and Bill of Rights were sacred documents that set clear lines of demarcation that no government should trespass. “The two main ideas that run through all of my ... More


Freedom of Speech

Eric Barendt

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780199225811
eISBN:
9780191714139
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199225811.001.0001
Subject:
Law, Human Rights and Immigration

This is a revised and updated edition of the work first published in 1985. There have been many developments since the first edition, including enactment of the Charter of Rights and Freedoms in ... More


Freedom of Information: A Global Perspective

Sudhir Naib

in The Right to Information Act 2005: A Handbook

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780198067474
eISBN:
9780199081226
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198067474.003.0001
Subject:
Law, Constitutional and Administrative Law

This chapter summarizes the development, the growth, and the present trend in the freedom of information (FOI) movement and the general applicability of this doctrine within a global context. It ... More


The ‘Unvirtuous Atheist’

Jonathan I. Israel

in Enlightenment Contested: Philosophy, Modernity, and the Emancipation of Man 1670-1752

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780199279227
eISBN:
9780191700040
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199279227.003.0031
Subject:
History, History of Ideas, European Modern History

This chapter focuses on physician-philosopher, Julien Offray de La Mettrie, who was involved in a remarkable and prolonged controversy affecting the course of the Radical Enlightenment in the ... More


Journalism and History in ‘An Age of Mysteries and Paradoxes’ 1

Maximillian E. Novak

in Daniel Defoe: Master of Fictions: His Life and Works

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780199261543
eISBN:
9780191698743
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199261543.003.0027
Subject:
Literature, 18th-century Literature

Daniel Defoe did not publish many pamphlets during the years 1708 and 1709. Toward the end of 1709, Defoe devoted a number of issues to concepts of freedom of the press and to a new bill concerning ... More


The Initial Supreme Court Justices and Their Views on Freedoms of Press and Speech

Wendell Bird

in Press and Speech Under Assault: The Early Supreme Court Justices, the Sedition Act of 1798, and the Campaign against Dissent

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
March 2016
ISBN:
9780190461621
eISBN:
9780190461980
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780190461621.003.0004
Subject:
History, American History: early to 18th Century, Political History

Chapter 4 discusses the views of freedoms of press and speech of the first six justices of the US Supreme Court, before some reversed their positions during the battles over the Sedition Act of 1798, ... More


Blackstone’s and Mansfield’s Narrow Liberties of Press and Speech, and Broad Crimes of Seditious Libel and Seditious Words: Summaries or Misdescriptions of an Ancient Common Law?

Wendell Bird

in The Revolution in Freedoms of Press and Speech: From Blackstone to the First Amendment and Fox's Libel Act

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
April 2020
ISBN:
9780197509197
eISBN:
9780197509227
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780197509197.003.0002
Subject:
Law, Legal History

The narrow understanding of freedoms of press and speech, adopted by Sir William Blackstone and Lord Chief Justice Mansfield, defined those freedoms as no more than liberty from a government-issued ... More


The Emerging Broad British View of Freedoms of Press and Speech, Before the Colonial Crisis

Wendell Bird

in The Revolution in Freedoms of Press and Speech: From Blackstone to the First Amendment and Fox's Libel Act

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
April 2020
ISBN:
9780197509197
eISBN:
9780197509227
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780197509197.003.0004
Subject:
Law, Legal History

For a time after licensing expired in England in 1695, some people identified freedom of press narrowly as freedom from licensing, but a broader concept was spreading. For example, Young Gentleman in ... More


The Prevailing British View of Freedoms of Press and Speech, in the Decade Before the American Revolution and Declarations of Rights

Wendell Bird

in The Revolution in Freedoms of Press and Speech: From Blackstone to the First Amendment and Fox's Libel Act

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
April 2020
ISBN:
9780197509197
eISBN:
9780197509227
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780197509197.003.0005
Subject:
Law, Legal History

The seditious libel prosecution of John Wilkes, beginning in 1763, showed more clearly than ever that the crimes of seditious libel and seditious words were political crimes, and provoked many in ... More


From the Law of the Ruler to the Rule of Law

Mhamed Malki

in Arab Human Development in the Twenty-first Century: The Primacy of Empowerment

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
May 2015
ISBN:
9789774166587
eISBN:
9781617975912
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
American University in Cairo Press
DOI:
10.5743/cairo/9789774166587.003.0002
Subject:
Political Science, Political Economy

Viewed through the lens of the rule of law, which originated and evolved within European culture, the condition in Arab states is confounding. These states are not lacking in laws or institutions, ... More


Press and Speech Under Assault: The Early Supreme Court Justices, the Sedition Act of 1798, and the Campaign against Dissent

Wendell Bird

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
March 2016
ISBN:
9780190461621
eISBN:
9780190461980
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780190461621.001.0001
Subject:
History, American History: early to 18th Century, Political History

The early Supreme Court justices wrestled with how much free press and speech is protected by the First Amendment, and with whether the Sedition Act of 1798 violated freedoms of press and speech. ... More


The Dominant American View of Freedoms of Press and Speech, in the Decade Leading Up to Ratification of the Federal Bill of Rights

Wendell Bird

in The Revolution in Freedoms of Press and Speech: From Blackstone to the First Amendment and Fox's Libel Act

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
April 2020
ISBN:
9780197509197
eISBN:
9780197509227
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780197509197.003.0010
Subject:
Law, Legal History

In the 1780s in America, the advocates of broad understandings of freedom of press and freedom of speech continued to argue, as “Junius Wilkes” did in 1782, that “[i]f a printer is liable to ... More


John Milton, Roger Williams, and Limits of Toleration

Thomas N. Corns

in Milton and Toleration

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780199295937
eISBN:
9780191712210
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199295937.003.0004
Subject:
Literature, 17th-century and Restoration Literature

This chapter begins with an account of the apparent contradictions between the high principles asserted in Areopagitica and the more circumscribed practical proposals it contains. It considers a ... More


The Collision of Seditious Libel and Freedoms of Press and Speech in America’s Constitutional Period

Wendell Bird

in Press and Speech Under Assault: The Early Supreme Court Justices, the Sedition Act of 1798, and the Campaign against Dissent

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
March 2016
ISBN:
9780190461621
eISBN:
9780190461980
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780190461621.003.0003
Subject:
History, American History: early to 18th Century, Political History

Chapter 3 describes the collision in late eighteenth-century America between freedoms of press and speech and the crime of seditious libel. It discusses how the new states’ declarations of rights, as ... More


John Wilkes: A Friend to Liberty

Peter D. G. Thomas

Published in print:
1996
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198205449
eISBN:
9780191676642
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198205449.001.0001
Subject:
History, British and Irish Modern History

Often deemed the founder of British radicalism, John Wilkes (1725–1797) had a shattering impact on the politics of his time. His audacity in challenging government authority was matched by his skill ... More


Liberty with All Its Risks

in Between Justice and Politics: The Ligue des Droits de l'Homme, 1898-1945

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
June 2013
ISBN:
9780804753173
eISBN:
9780804767873
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Stanford University Press
DOI:
10.11126/stanford/9780804753173.003.0005
Subject:
History, European Modern History

The Ligue des droits de l'homme (League of the Rights of Man) leaned towards the Left for its commitment to civil liberties, which was evident in the Dreyfus affair that brought the League to its ... More


The Right to Dissent, and the Growth of Freedoms of Press and Speech in the Eighteenth Century

Wendell Bird

in Press and Speech Under Assault: The Early Supreme Court Justices, the Sedition Act of 1798, and the Campaign against Dissent

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
March 2016
ISBN:
9780190461621
eISBN:
9780190461980
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780190461621.003.0001
Subject:
History, American History: early to 18th Century, Political History

Chapter 1 summarizes the English development of freedoms of press and speech in the seventeenth and eighteenth centuries, increasing the scope of toleration but never securing those rights despite ... More


The Origins of the First Amendment and the Question of Original Meaning

in No Law: Intellectual Property in the Image of an Absolute First Amendment

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
June 2013
ISBN:
9780804745789
eISBN:
9780804763271
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Stanford University Press
DOI:
10.11126/stanford/9780804745789.003.0007
Subject:
Law, Intellectual Property, IT, and Media Law

This chapter demonstrates that the argument that the First Amendment had a clear, determinate original meaning, understood or assumed to be embedded in the words “the freedom of speech, [and] of the ... More


Freedoms

Leonardo Morlino and Daniela Piana

in Equality, Freedom, and Democracy: Europe After the Great Recession

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
November 2020
ISBN:
9780198813873
eISBN:
9780191851612
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198813873.003.0003
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics, Political Economy

Freedoms include personal dignity, civil rights, and political rights. For personal dignity, when considering violence perpetrated by police, there is a significant improvement until the very ... More


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