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Brain Enhancement and Other Magical Beliefs

Gary L. Wenk

in Your Brain on Food: How Chemicals Control Your Thoughts and Feelings

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
September 2010
ISBN:
9780195388541
eISBN:
9780199863587
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195388541.003.0009
Subject:
Neuroscience, Behavioral Neuroscience, Neuroendocrine and Autonomic

No drugs or nutrients are currently available that can reverse the primary cause of cognitive decline: normal aging. Also, it is currently impossible to enhance the function of a normal brain. These ... More


Free Love, Free Print: Sex Radicalism, Censorship, and the Biopolitical Turn

in Slow Print: Literary Radicalism and Late Victorian Print Culture

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
June 2013
ISBN:
9780804784085
eISBN:
9780804784658
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Stanford University Press
DOI:
10.11126/stanford/9780804784085.003.0007
Subject:
Literature, 19th-century and Victorian Literature

This chapter considers the migration of the old liberal line on print enlightenment into the sphere of sexual radicalism at the end of the nineteenth century. In terms of class radicalism, ... More


Free Radicals in Biology and Medicine

Barry Halliwell and John M. C. Gutteridge

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
October 2015
ISBN:
9780198717478
eISBN:
9780191802133
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198717478.001.0001
Subject:
Biology, Biochemistry / Molecular Biology, Disease Ecology / Epidemiology

The new edition of this well-established book is thoroughly revised and gives a comprehensive account of the role of free radicals, other reactive species (RS), and antioxidants in life, health, and ... More


Free-Radical Chemistry in Supercritical Carbon Dioxide

J. M. Tanko

in Green Chemistry Using Liquid and Supercritical Carbon Dioxide

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
November 2020
ISBN:
9780195154832
eISBN:
9780197561935
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780195154832.003.0008
Subject:
Chemistry, Environmental Chemistry

During the 1990s, the chemical industry has focused on ways to reduce and prevent pollution caused by chemical synthesis and manufacturing. The goal of this approach is to modify existing reaction ... More


Life eternal in the face of senescence

Geoffrey E. Hill

in Mitonuclear Ecology

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
June 2019
ISBN:
9780198818250
eISBN:
9780191859465
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198818250.003.0006
Subject:
Biology, Ecology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics

Unlike prokaryotes, eukaryotes are born, mature, grow old, and die. Why death is inevitable for all complex life is among the most important questions in evolutionary biology. The mitochondrial ... More


Ageing, nutrition, disease, and therapy: a role for antioxidants?

Barry Halliwell and John M.C. Gutteridge

in Free Radicals in Biology and Medicine

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
October 2015
ISBN:
9780198717478
eISBN:
9780191802133
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198717478.003.0011
Subject:
Biology, Biochemistry / Molecular Biology, Disease Ecology / Epidemiology

This chapter reviews various theories of ageing, with a particular focus on the free-radical theory of ageing (cumulative oxidative damage by reactive species [RS] causes ageing) and the evidence ... More


Oxygen: boon yet bane—introducing oxygen toxicity and reactive species

Barry Halliwell and John M.C. Gutteridge

in Free Radicals in Biology and Medicine

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
October 2015
ISBN:
9780198717478
eISBN:
9780191802133
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198717478.003.0001
Subject:
Biology, Biochemistry / Molecular Biology, Disease Ecology / Epidemiology

This chapter explains how oxygen (O2) came to be present in the Earth’s atmosphere (the evolution of photosynthesis), the changes in O2 levels that occurred during the Earth’s history, and how they ... More


Knowledge, Practice, and the Bad Family

Lawrence Cohen

in No Aging in India: Alzheimer's, The Bad Family, and Other Modern Things

Published in print:
1998
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780520083967
eISBN:
9780520925328
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520083967.003.0004
Subject:
Anthropology, Medical Anthropology

This chapter discusses gerentological objects, aging in India, internationalist science, free radical exchange, and the old age home. It notes that the strength of the Indian contingent was ... More


Full Circle

David Rickard

in Pyrite: A Natural History of Fool's Gold

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
November 2020
ISBN:
9780190203672
eISBN:
9780197559482
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190203672.003.0014
Subject:
Chemistry, Mineralogy and Gems

The thesis in this book is that pyrite has been a key material in the development of our civilization and culture. It has figured in the foundation of nations and key industries, in the development ... More


The Impact of Oxides on Environmental Chemistry

Bruce C. Bunker and William H. Casey

in The Aqueous Chemistry of Oxides

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
November 2020
ISBN:
9780199384259
eISBN:
9780197562987
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780199384259.003.0027
Subject:
Chemistry, Inorganic Chemistry

The ancient Greek philosopher Empedocles defined our environments using the four basic elements of fire, earth, wind, and water. Although we now know there are at least 118 elements, of which 98 ... More


The Outsider

Terry Rugeley

in The River People in Flood Time: The Civil Wars in Tabasco, Spoiler of Empires

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
May 2015
ISBN:
9780804791526
eISBN:
9780804793124
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Stanford University Press
DOI:
10.11126/stanford/9780804791526.003.0005
Subject:
History, Latin American History

Chapter 4 constitutes the heart and soul of the book: the story of how a Cuban adventurer named Francisco de Sentmanat y Zayas was invited into Tabasco to assist the province’s federalists with their ... More


Controlled/‘living’ polymerization methods

Wayne Hayes and Steve Rannard

in Polymer Chemistry: A Practical Approach

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
November 2020
ISBN:
9780198503095
eISBN:
9780191916557
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198503095.003.0008
Subject:
Chemistry, Polymer Chemistry

Chain-growth polymerizations such as free-radical polymerizations are characterized by four key processes:(i) initiation, (ii) propagation, (iii) chain transfer, and (iv) termination. If it is ... More


The Royal Navy and West Africa, 1843-1857

Mark C. Hunter

in Policing the Seas: Anglo-American Relations and the Equatorial Atlantic, 1819-1865

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
January 2019
ISBN:
9780973893465
eISBN:
9781786944580
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Liverpool University Press
DOI:
10.5949/liverpool/9780973893465.003.0006
Subject:
History, Maritime History

This chapter analyses the British naval policies concerning West Africa between 1843 and 1857. During this period, Britain sought to encourage legitimate commerce and curtail slavery for its own ... More


Amyotrophic lateral sclerosis/motor neuron disease

Christopher E. Shaw, Annika Quinn, and Emma Scotter

in Palliative Care in Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis: From Diagnosis to Bereavement, 3rd Edn

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
May 2014
ISBN:
9780199686025
eISBN:
9780191765940
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199686025.003.0001
Subject:
Palliative Care, Patient Care and End-of-Life Decision Making, Pain Management and Palliative Pharmacology

The term ‘motor neuron disorders’ covers a range of conditions in which the motor neuron cell bears the brunt of the disease process. The molecular basis of these abnormalities has been ... More


Senescence

Marc Tatar

in Evolutionary Ecology: Concepts and Case Studies

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
November 2020
ISBN:
9780195131543
eISBN:
9780197561461
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780195131543.003.0015
Subject:
Environmental Science, Applied Ecology

At all taxonomic levels, there exists tremendous variation in life expectancy. A field mouse Peromyscus may live 1.2 years, while the African elephant may persist for 60 years, and even a ... More


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