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Government Regulation and Corporate Governance

Roy C. Smith and Ingo Walter

in Governing the Modern Corporation: Capital Markets, Corporate Control, and Economic Performance

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2006
ISBN:
9780195171679
eISBN:
9780199783618
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195171675.003.0009
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Microeconomics

The US regulatory framework has evolved since the 1930s, aiming to protect investors from abuse and exploitation. However, this regulation could only restrict specific, identified transactions and ... More


The Diffusion of Soft Innovations

Paul Stoneman

in Soft Innovation: Economics, Product Aesthetics, and the Creative Industries

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
May 2010
ISBN:
9780199572489
eISBN:
9780191722257
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199572489.003.0008
Subject:
Business and Management, Innovation

This chapter considers alternative models of the demand for (diffusion of) soft innovations. From the several models, the list of factors shown to be important in the innovation process includes the ... More


Constructing a Free Labor Market

Martin Ruef

in Between Slavery and Capitalism: The Legacy of Emancipation in the American South

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691162775
eISBN:
9781400852642
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691162775.003.0002
Subject:
Sociology, Politics, Social Movements and Social Change

This chapter studies the extent to which the Freedmen Bureau's effort to reinstate plantation labor for former slaves in the mid-1860s was associated with changes in the valuation of black labor. ... More


The Triumph of Capitalism—and Its Discontents

Neil Gilbert

in Transformation of the Welfare State: The Silent Surrender of Public Responsibility

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
April 2004
ISBN:
9780195140743
eISBN:
9780199834921
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195140745.003.0008
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics

On the basis of the analysis of the changes in the welfare state over the last decade of the twentieth century described in the book, the occurrence of a paradigm shift is identified. The relative ... More


Constitutional Economic Transition

Russell Hardin

in Liberalism, Constitutionalism, and Democracy

Published in print:
1999
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198290841
eISBN:
9780191599415
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198290845.003.0006
Subject:
Political Science, Political Theory

The US Constitution embodied a limited degree of laissez faire, enough to give capitalism at least an advantage over any other economic organization of the society if Adam Smith's theory is roughly ... More


Continuity and Change in China’s Rural Development: Collective and Reform Eras in Perspective

Louis Putterman

Published in print:
1993
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780195078725
eISBN:
9780199854950
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195078725.001.0001
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Development, Growth, and Environmental

This book is a detailed study of rural reform in China. After the death of Mao, and with the ascendency of Deng Xiaoping in 1978, China began a programme of agricultural reform intended to increase ... More


The Rising Tide: Neoliberal Ideas in the Postwar Period

Daniel Stedman Jones

in Masters of the Universe: Hayek, Friedman, and the Birth of Neoliberal Politics

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691161013
eISBN:
9781400851836
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691161013.003.0004
Subject:
History, American History: 20th Century

This chapter talks about how a distinct neoliberal worldview was built on the foundations of the critique of New Deal liberalism and social democracy synthesized in the writings of Ludwig von Mises, ... More


Constructions of Neoliberal Reason

Jamie Peck

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
January 2011
ISBN:
9780199580576
eISBN:
9780191595240
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199580576.001.0001
Subject:
Business and Management, Political Economy

Amongst intellectuals and activists, neoliberalism has become a potent signifier for the kind of free-market thinking that has dominated politics for the past three decades. Forever associated with ... More


‘High Stakes’ and ‘Low‐Intensity Democracy’: Understanding America's Policy of Promoting Democracy

Jason G. Ralph

in American Democracy Promotion: Impulses, Strategies, and Impacts

Published in print:
2000
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780199240975
eISBN:
9780191598999
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199240973.003.0010
Subject:
Political Science, International Relations and Politics

Explores the gap between rhetoric and practice in the American policy of promoting democracy. It attributes it to the US, promoting two inconsistent goals at the same time: democratization and free ... More


Free Market Fairness

John Tomasi

in Free Market Fairness

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691144467
eISBN:
9781400842391
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691144467.003.0008
Subject:
Philosophy, Political Philosophy

This chapter defends a “market democratic” interpretation of justice as fairness that it calls free market fairness, with a particular focus on institutions. The discussion encompasses the difference ... More


Fighting Unemployment: The Limits of Free Market Orthodoxy

David Howell (ed.)

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
July 2005
ISBN:
9780195165845
eISBN:
9780199835515
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195165845.001.0001
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Macro- and Monetary Economics

Much of Europe remains plagued by high levels of unemployment. Fighting Unemployment critically assesses the widely accepted view that the culprit is excessive labor market regulation and overly ... More


Socialism and the Environment

Avner de‐Shalit

in The Environment Between Theory and Practice

Published in print:
2000
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780199240388
eISBN:
9780191599033
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199240388.003.0007
Subject:
Political Science, Environmental Politics

Many theorists are happy with democracy as a means to protect the environment; however, there is empirical evidence that democracy is not enough to guarantee environment friendly policies. This ... More


The Market: Freedom from Morality

David Gauthier

in Morals by Agreement

Published in print:
1987
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198249924
eISBN:
9780191597497
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198249926.003.0004
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

Economics celebrates an ideal of interaction free from all constraint, an ideal found in the perfectly competitive market, where equilibrium and optimality coincide. Morality can then be thought of ... More


Individual and Collective Rationality

Leif Lewin

in Self-Interest and Public Interest in Western Politics

Published in print:
1991
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198277255
eISBN:
9780191599774
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198277253.003.0005
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics

The final chapter of the book draws conclusions and implications from the evidence presented in previous chapters that public interest seems to be of greater importance in democratic politics than ... More


The Rise of the Market Reform Movement

Kimberly J. Morgan and Andrea Louise Campbell

in The Delegated Welfare State: Medicare, Markets, and the Governance of Social Policy

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780199730346
eISBN:
9780199918447
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199730346.003.0004
Subject:
Political Science, American Politics

This chapter examines the ideational and political movements advocating market-based forms of delegated governance since the 1970s. In part, the embrace of marketizing reforms reflected the ... More


The Poverty of Liberal Economics

David Brady

in Rich Democracies, Poor People: How Politics Explain Poverty

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780195385878
eISBN:
9780199870066
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195385878.003.0006
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics

While liberal economics exerts great influence in poverty debates, systematic evaluations of the approach have rarely been undertaken. In particular, few have articulated the core precepts of the ... More


The Life of Adam Smith

Ian Simpson Ross

Published in print:
1995
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198288213
eISBN:
9780191596827
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198288212.001.0001
Subject:
Economics and Finance, History of Economic Thought

Adam Smith (1723–90) was a Scottish moral philosopher, famous for writing the Wealth of Nations (WN: 1776), widely regarded as one of the foundation works of free‐market economics. He also ... More


Religion and Stable Self‐Government

Thomas F. Farr

in World of Faith and Freedom: Why International Religious Liberty Is Vital to American National Security

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
January 2009
ISBN:
9780195179958
eISBN:
9780199869749
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195179958.003.0004
Subject:
Religion, Religion and Society

This chapter examines how a more realistic and historically accurate understanding of religion and democracy can increase the effectiveness of U.S. foreign policy in influencing the natural desire of ... More


Two Concepts of Fairness

John Tomasi

in Free Market Fairness

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691144467
eISBN:
9781400842391
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691144467.003.0006
Subject:
Philosophy, Political Philosophy

This chapter considers two concepts of fairness, starting the discussion by focusing on market democracy's thick conception of economic freedom in relation to social justice. Market democracy breaks ... More


The Intrinsic Value of the Environment

Wilfred Beckerman and Joanna Pasek

in Justice, Posterity, and the Environment

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780199245086
eISBN:
9780191598784
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199245088.003.0008
Subject:
Political Science, Environmental Politics

Generations are not homogeneous entities and are composed of individuals and nations that have conflicting interests in the way in which resources are allocated among competing uses. This chapter ... More


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