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Armstrong on Truthmaking

Marian David

in Truthmakers: The Contemporary Debate

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
May 2010
ISBN:
9780199283569
eISBN:
9780191712708
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199283569.003.0009
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology, Philosophy of Language

Truthmakers have come to play a central role in David Armstrong's metaphysics. They are the things that stand in the relation of truthmaking to truthbearers. This chapter focuses on the relation. ... More


A Conspiracy Hunter and a Newton

Barbara Forrest and Paul R. Gross

in Creationism's Trojan Horse: The Wedge of Intelligent Design

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
April 2010
ISBN:
9780195157420
eISBN:
9780199894000
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195157420.003.0006
Subject:
Biology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics

This chapter details the involvement of Jonathan Wells and William Dembski in the intelligent design movement. Wells, a member of Rev. Sun Myung Moon’s Unification Church, devotes himself to ... More


Why the Prison-Boom Generation?

Franklin E. Zimring

in The Insidious Momentum of American Mass Incarceration

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
September 2020
ISBN:
9780197513170
eISBN:
9780197513200
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780197513170.003.0003
Subject:
Sociology, Law, Crime and Deviance, Population and Demography

This chapter explores the issue of what aspects of criminal law and policy had such concentrated impact in the generation after 1970, when prison populations multiplied. There were no aspects of ... More


The Insidious Momentum of American Mass Incarceration

Franklin E. Zimring

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
September 2020
ISBN:
9780197513170
eISBN:
9780197513200
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780197513170.001.0001
Subject:
Sociology, Law, Crime and Deviance, Population and Demography

The phenomenal growth of penal confinement in the United States in the last quarter of the twentieth century is still a public policy mystery. Why did it happen when it happened? What explains the ... More


Mean-Variance Investing

Andrew Ang

in Asset Management: A Systematic Approach to Factor Investing

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
August 2014
ISBN:
9780199959327
eISBN:
9780199382323
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199959327.003.0003
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Financial Economics

Mean-variance investing is all about diversification. By exploiting the interaction of assets with each other, so one asset’s gains can make up for another asset’s losses, diversification allows ... More


Fundamentals of Financial Markets

Didier Sornette

in Why Stock Markets Crash: Critical Events in Complex Financial Systems

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
May 2018
ISBN:
9780691175959
eISBN:
9781400885091
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691175959.003.0002
Subject:
Business and Management, Finance, Accounting, and Banking

This chapter discusses the fundamental characteristics and properties of stock markets and the way prices vary from one instant to the next. It first introduces the standard view about price ... More


Rhetorical Legerdemain

Jason Rosenhouse

in Among the Creationists: Dispatches from the Anti-Evolutionist Frontline

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
May 2015
ISBN:
9780199744633
eISBN:
9780190267827
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:osobl/9780199744633.003.0016
Subject:
Biology, Ecology

In this chapter, the author considers rhetorical techniques that prove to be an immensely frustrating point of contact between young-Earth creationism and intelligent design (ID) proponents, with ... More


Phase improvement and extension

Carmelo Giacovazzo

in Phasing in Crystallography: A Modern Perspective

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
November 2020
ISBN:
9780199686995
eISBN:
9780191918377
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780199686995.003.0013
Subject:
Chemistry, Crystallography: Chemistry

The descriptions of the various types of Fourier synthesis (observed, difference, hybrid) and of their properties, given in Chapter 7, suggest that electron density maps are not only a tool for ... More


Degrees of Being

Kris McDaniel

in The Fragmentation of Being

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
September 2017
ISBN:
9780198719656
eISBN:
9780191788741
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198719656.003.0008
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

This chapter argues that the naturalness of a property or relation is proportionate to the degree of being of that property or relation, and that once we recognize this proportionality, we see a way ... More


The derivation of trial structures. I. Analytical methods for direct phase determination

Jenny Pickworth Glusker and Kenneth N. Trueblood

in Crystal Structure Analysis: A Primer

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
November 2020
ISBN:
9780199576340
eISBN:
9780191917905
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780199576340.003.0017
Subject:
Chemistry, Crystallography: Chemistry

As indicated at the start of Chapter 4, after the diffraction pattern has been recorded and measured, the next stage in a crystal structure determination is solving the structure—that is, finding a ... More


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