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Constructing a Free Labor Market

Martin Ruef

in Between Slavery and Capitalism: The Legacy of Emancipation in the American South

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691162775
eISBN:
9781400852642
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691162775.003.0002
Subject:
Sociology, Politics, Social Movements and Social Change

This chapter studies the extent to which the Freedmen Bureau's effort to reinstate plantation labor for former slaves in the mid-1860s was associated with changes in the valuation of black labor. ... More


Governments, Labour, and the Law in Mid-Victorian Britain: The Trade Union Legislation of the 1870s

Mark Curthoys

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780199268894
eISBN:
9780191708466
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199268894.001.0001
Subject:
History, British and Irish Modern History

This is a study of how mid-Victorian Britain and its specialist advisers, in an age of free trade and the minimal state, attempted to create a viable legal framework for trade unions and strikes. It ... More


The Right to Exploit: Parasitism, Scarcity, and Basic Income

Gijs Van Donselaar

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780195140392
eISBN:
9780199871483
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195140392.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

In 1895, an English farmer diverted the course of a stream that was flowing through his land, thereby cutting off the supply to the water reservoir of the neighboring community. The courts ... More


“the women are the controlling spirits”: Freedwomen, Free Labor, the Freedme's Bureau

Mary Farmer-Kaiser

in Freedwomen and the Freedmen's Bureau: Race, Gender, and Public Policy in the Age of Emancipation

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
March 2011
ISBN:
9780823232116
eISBN:
9780823234943
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Fordham University Press
DOI:
10.5422/fso/9780823232116.003.0004
Subject:
History, Social History

In their efforts to transform the South into a free labor society, officials of the Freedmen's Bureau encountered an employment landscape complicated greatly by issues of ... More


A “Nest of Abolitionists”: Antislavery Goals and Southern Identities

A. Glenn Crothers

in Quakers Living in the Lion's Mouth: The Society of Friends in Northern Virginia, 1730-1865

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780813039732
eISBN:
9780813043142
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University Press of Florida
DOI:
10.5744/florida/9780813039732.003.0008
Subject:
History, American History: 19th Century

This chapter examines Quaker antislavery after 1830, arguing that Friends' activism was constrained by the white community's growing intolerance of dissent and by Friends' economic and cultural ... More


Union Funds, Free Labour, and the Franchise

MARK CURTHOYS

in Governments, Labour, and the Law in Mid-Victorian Britain: The Trade Union Legislation of the 1870s

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780199268894
eISBN:
9780191708466
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199268894.003.0004
Subject:
History, British and Irish Modern History

When an outrage widely attributed to trade unionists coincided with the parliamentary reform crisis, the Home Office in Britain could no longer avoid dealing with their anomalous legal position. The ... More


Free Labor

Reeve Huston

in Land and Freedom: Rural Society, Popular Protest, and Party Politics in Antebellum New York

Published in print:
2000
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780195136005
eISBN:
9780199848782
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195136005.003.0010
Subject:
History, American History: 19th Century

The conservatives' vision of free labor as authoritarianism sanctioned by contracts remained the centerpiece of labor law for the rest of the century, a product of the courts' application of the ... More


“that the freedwomen … may rise to the dignity and glory of true womanhood”: The Men, Purpose, and Gendered Freedom of the Freedmen's Bureau

Mary Farmer-Kaiser

in Freedwomen and the Freedmen's Bureau: Race, Gender, and Public Policy in the Age of Emancipation

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
March 2011
ISBN:
9780823232116
eISBN:
9780823234943
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Fordham University Press
DOI:
10.5422/fso/9780823232116.003.0002
Subject:
History, Social History

The realization of policy of the Freedmen's Bureau rested foremost on its officials at the local level. Using the gospel of free labor as the platform, bureau officials and ... More


“Black Service … White Money”: The Peculiar Institution of Military Labor in the British Army during the Seven Years’ War

Peter Way

in Workers Across the Americas: The Transnational Turn in Labor History

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
May 2011
ISBN:
9780199731633
eISBN:
9780199894420
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199731633.003.0008
Subject:
History, World Early Modern History

Soldiering—war work—constituted a peculiar form of labor in the 18th-century Anglo-American world. These troops straddled the worlds of free and unfree labor. Army recruits encountered wage work with ... More


Free Labour and the Plantation Economy

William A. Green

in British Slave Emancipation

Published in print:
1993
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198202783
eISBN:
9780191675515
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198202783.003.0007
Subject:
History, World Modern History

For several abolitionists, free labour could produce tropical products more cheaply than slave labour. For them, the freedom of the West Indies slaves could destroy the slave trade and slavery ... More


Introduction

MARK CURTHOYS

in Governments, Labour, and the Law in Mid-Victorian Britain: The Trade Union Legislation of the 1870s

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780199268894
eISBN:
9780191708466
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199268894.003.0001
Subject:
History, British and Irish Modern History

This book examines the structures inherited by policymakers of mid-Victorian Britain from their Liberal-Tory predecessors a generation earlier granting trade unions a distinctive form of legal ... More


“a weight of circumstances like millstones about their necks to drag and keep them down”: Freedwomen, Federal Relief, and the Freedmen's Bureau

Mary Farmer-Kaiser

in Freedwomen and the Freedmen's Bureau: Race, Gender, and Public Policy in the Age of Emancipation

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
March 2011
ISBN:
9780823232116
eISBN:
9780823234943
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Fordham University Press
DOI:
10.5422/fso/9780823232116.003.0003
Subject:
History, Social History

In the immediate post-emancipation South, the Freedmen's Bureau limited its federal relief activities to temporarily aiding former slaves and loyal white refugees with rations ... More


Introduction: “a long time in want of a bureau”

Mary Farmer-Kaiser

in Freedwomen and the Freedmen's Bureau: Race, Gender, and Public Policy in the Age of Emancipation

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
March 2011
ISBN:
9780823232116
eISBN:
9780823234943
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Fordham University Press
DOI:
10.5422/fso/9780823232116.003.0001
Subject:
History, Social History

Congress established the Bureau of Refugees, Freedmen, and Abandoned Lands—more commonly known as the Freedmen's Bureau—in March 1865. Upon its creation, the short-lived and ... More


Power, Prosperity, and Liberty

Richard Huzzey

in Freedom Burning: Anti-Slavery and Empire in Victorian Britain

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
August 2016
ISBN:
9780801451089
eISBN:
9780801465819
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Cornell University Press
DOI:
10.7591/cornell/9780801451089.003.0006
Subject:
History, British and Irish Modern History

As an anti-slavery pioneer, Victorian Britons had to decide whether an anti-slavery nation could or should wean itself off an addiction to the fruits of slavery. Sugar created a particular dilemma ... More


Free Produce in the Old Northwest

Stacey M. Robertson

in Hearts Beating for Liberty: Women Abolitionists in the Old Northwest

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
July 2014
ISBN:
9780807834084
eISBN:
9781469606330
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of North Carolina Press
DOI:
10.5149/9780807899489_robertson.7
Subject:
Society and Culture, Gender Studies

This chapter shows how Michigan abolitionist Elizabeth Chandler shrewdly used her ladies' column in the Genius of Universal Emancipation to publish a letter from Ohio's Green Plain Free Produce ... More


Enforcing Free Labor

René Hayden

in Freedom: A Documentary History of Emancipation, 1861–1867: Series 3, Volume 2: Land and Labor, 1866-1867

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
July 2014
ISBN:
9781469607429
eISBN:
9781469611099
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of North Carolina Press
DOI:
10.5149/northcarolina/9781469607429.003.0002
Subject:
History, African-American History

This chapter looks at the time period of the story told in this book, starting in 1886 and 1867. Throughout those years, the rules that determined the South's nascent free-labor system was in ... More


The Promise of Free Labor: Carl Schurz and Republican Conceptions of Labor within the Reconstruction South

Stuart MacKay

in Reconsidering Southern Labor History: Race, Class, and Power

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
January 2019
ISBN:
9780813056975
eISBN:
9780813053752
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University Press of Florida
DOI:
10.5744/florida/9780813056975.003.0006
Subject:
History, American History: 20th Century

Chapter 5 examines the writings of Carl Schurz, a key figure in the Republican party, during his 1865 survey of the condition of postwar South. Schurz’s writings reveal how Republicans first ... More


Striking at the Root of Corruption: American Quakers and the Boycott in the Early National Period

Julie L. Holcomb

in Moral Commerce: Quakers and the Transatlantic Boycott of the Slave Labor Economy

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
January 2017
ISBN:
9780801452086
eISBN:
9781501706073
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Cornell University Press
DOI:
10.7591/cornell/9780801452086.003.0004
Subject:
History, American History: 19th Century

This chapter examines the abstention movement after the abolition of the international slave trade by Britain in 1807 and the United States in 1808, with particular emphasis on the impact of Quaker ... More


Yards of Cotton Cloth and Pounds of Sugar: The Transatlantic Free-Produce Movement

Julie L. Holcomb

in Moral Commerce: Quakers and the Transatlantic Boycott of the Slave Labor Economy

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
January 2017
ISBN:
9780801452086
eISBN:
9781501706073
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Cornell University Press
DOI:
10.7591/cornell/9780801452086.003.0008
Subject:
History, American History: 19th Century

This chapter examines the rise of a transatlantic free-produce movement. Parliament's abolition of the apprenticeship system and the full emancipation of the British Empire's slaves in August 1838 ... More


The Anti-Slavery Empire

Richard Huzzey

in Freedom Burning: Anti-Slavery and Empire in Victorian Britain

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
August 2016
ISBN:
9780801451089
eISBN:
9780801465819
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Cornell University Press
DOI:
10.7591/cornell/9780801451089.003.0008
Subject:
History, British and Irish Modern History

This chapter examines why coerced labor in the British Empire troubled British anti-slavery consciences so rarely. It looks at coerced labor in the West Indies and in emigration from India; how local ... More


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