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Free Energy Sequential Monte Carlo, Application to Mixture Modelling *

Nicolas Chopin and Pierre Jacob

in Bayesian Statistics 9

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780199694587
eISBN:
9780191731921
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199694587.003.0003
Subject:
Mathematics, Probability / Statistics

We introduce a new class of Sequential Monte Carlo (SMC) methods, which we call free energy SMC. This class is inspired by free energy methods, which originate from physics, and where one samples ... More


Shell effects and Strutinsky renormalization

Helmut Hofmann

in The Physics of Warm Nuclei: with Analogies to Mesoscopic Systems

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
September 2008
ISBN:
9780198504016
eISBN:
9780191708480
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198504016.003.0005
Subject:
Physics, Nuclear and Plasma Physics

In finite nuclei, the shell effects of the independent particle model are manifest for states in the neighborhood of the Fermi level. Guided by the Strutinsky energy theorem, this fact is exploited ... More


Energy flow

David M. Wilkinson

in Fundamental Processes in Ecology: An earth systems approach

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780198568469
eISBN:
9780191717611
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198568469.003.0002
Subject:
Biology, Ecology

The second law of thermodynamics is central to understanding ecology, although it is ignored by most ecology text books. It follows from the second law that all organisms must draw free energy from ... More


The Lifshitz Theory of The Van Der Waals and Casimir Forces Between Plane Dielectrics

M. Bordag, G. L. Klimchitskaya, U. Mohideen, and V. M. Mostepanenko

in Advances in the Casimir Effect

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780199238743
eISBN:
9780191716461
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199238743.003.0012
Subject:
Physics, Condensed Matter Physics / Materials, Atomic, Laser, and Optical Physics

Starting with this chapter, the book goes on to deal with the Casimir effect for real bodies made of various materials rather than idealized boundaries. It presents Lifshitz theory, which provides a ... More


REPRINT THE THEORY OF RUBBER ELASTICITY

R. T. Deam and S. F. Edwards

in Stealing the Gold: A celebration of the pioneering physics of Sam Edwards

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780198528531
eISBN:
9780191713415
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198528531.003.0018
Subject:
Physics, Theoretical, Computational, and Statistical Physics

This chapter reprints a paper which attempts to improve upon several weaknesses in the classical theories of rubber elasticity. It develops a formulation of the statistical thermodynamics of ... More


Molecular structure and macroscopic properties: Calorimetry and thermodynamics

ANGELO GAVEZZOTTI

in Molecular Aggregation: Structure analysis and molecular simulation of crystals and liquids

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780198570806
eISBN:
9780191718779
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198570806.003.0007
Subject:
Physics, Atomic, Laser, and Optical Physics

Spectroscopic and diffraction experiments can give a detailed picture of molecular objects. The dimensions of a water molecule are known with extreme reliability and accuracy. In real life, however, ... More


Domains, Imperfections, And Polarization Reversal

M. E. LINES and A. M. GLASS

in Principles and Applications of Ferroelectrics and Related Materials

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
February 2010
ISBN:
9780198507789
eISBN:
9780191709944
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198507789.003.0004
Subject:
Physics, Condensed Matter Physics / Materials

The theoretical foundations of the preceding chapters have dealt with uniform infinite ferroelectrics. In real crystals, important additional considerations arise owing to the presence of crystal ... More


Micromagnetic models

Ralph Skomski

in Simple Models of Magnetism

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780198570752
eISBN:
9780191718816
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198570752.003.0004
Subject:
Physics, Condensed Matter Physics / Materials

Hysteresis is a key feature of magnetic materials, and its prediction from atomic or intrinsic parameters is a major challenge in magnetism. The determination of hysteresis loops from local ... More


The Casimir Effect at Nonzero Temperature

M. Bordag, G. L. Klimchitskaya, U. Mohideen, and V. M. Mostepanenko

in Advances in the Casimir Effect

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780199238743
eISBN:
9780191716461
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199238743.003.0005
Subject:
Physics, Condensed Matter Physics / Materials, Atomic, Laser, and Optical Physics

This chapter considers Casimir energy not in the vacuum state of a quantum field in the presence of boundaries but in a state containing real particles in thermal equilibrium. In fact, an ensemble of ... More


THERMODYNAMIC PRINCIPLES

C. N. Hinshelwood

in The Structure of Physical Chemistry

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780198570257
eISBN:
9780191717659
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198570257.003.0003
Subject:
Physics, Condensed Matter Physics / Materials

This chapter discusses thermodynamic principles. Topics covered include the laws of thermodynamics, the second law of thermodynamics, the principle of Caratheodory, a comparison of various methods of ... More


Lattice QCD at non-zero temperature and baryon density

Owe Philipsen

in Modern Perspectives in Lattice QCD: Quantum Field Theory and High Performance Computing: Lecture Notes of the Les Houches Summer School: Volume 93, August 2009

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780199691609
eISBN:
9780191731792
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199691609.003.0005
Subject:
Physics, Theoretical, Computational, and Statistical Physics

This chapter gives an introduction to lattice QCD at finite temperature and baryon density. After a discussion of some fundamental aspects and difficulties of quantum field theory at finite ... More


The liquid state

ANGELO GAVEZZOTTI

in Molecular Aggregation: Structure analysis and molecular simulation of crystals and liquids

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780198570806
eISBN:
9780191718779
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198570806.003.0009
Subject:
Physics, Atomic, Laser, and Optical Physics

In the gaseous state, molecules are to a good approximation isolated entities traveling in space at high speed with sparse and near elastic collisions. At the other extreme, a perfect crystal has a ... More


Three Levels of Phenomenology of Superfluid 3He

VOLOVIK GRIGORY E.

in The Universe in a Helium Droplet

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780199564842
eISBN:
9780191709906
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199564842.003.0010
Subject:
Physics, Condensed Matter Physics / Materials, Particle Physics / Astrophysics / Cosmology

There are three levels of phenomenology of 3He-A: the Ginzburg–Landau level in the vicinity of transition temperature, the London level which studies statics and dynamics of the soft variables ... More


Solvation and Acid–Base Strength

Brian G. Cox

in Acids and Bases: Solvent Effects on Acid-Base Strength

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
May 2013
ISBN:
9780199670512
eISBN:
9780199670512
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199670512.003.0003
Subject:
Physics, Condensed Matter Physics / Materials

The change in dissociation constant of an acid with solvent is directly and quantitatively related to the change in solvation energies of the species involved. The solvation of electrolytes and ... More


Free energy

Dennis Sherwood and Paul Dalby

in Modern Thermodynamics for Chemists and Biochemists

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
August 2018
ISBN:
9780198782957
eISBN:
9780191826177
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198782957.003.0013
Subject:
Physics, Theoretical, Computational, and Statistical Physics

A critical chapter, explaining how the principles of thermodynamics can be applied to real systems. The central concept is the Gibbs free energy, which is explored in depth, with many examples. ... More


Multiple phases

E. R. DOBBS

in Helium Three

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780198506409
eISBN:
9780191709463
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198506409.003.0022
Subject:
Physics, Condensed Matter Physics / Materials

This chapter examines the effects of applying a magnetic field to the A and B phases of superfluid 3He. The first section describes the distortions of the energy gap in the B phase, producing changes ... More


Soft matter solutions

Masao Doi

in Soft Matter Physics

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
December 2013
ISBN:
9780199652952
eISBN:
9780191774942
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199652952.003.0002
Subject:
Physics, Soft Matter / Biological Physics, Condensed Matter Physics / Materials

Soft matter solutions are made of large solute dissolved in small solvent. The contrast in the size of solute and solvent gives special features to soft matter solutions. This chapter discusses these ... More


Energy Coupling

Yas̨ar Demirel

in Information and Living Systems: Philosophical and Scientific Perspectives

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
August 2013
ISBN:
9780262201742
eISBN:
9780262295246
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262201742.003.0003
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Science

This chapter describes and elaborates on the energy coupling processes of living systems. First, equilibrium and nonequilibrium systems are discussed, introducing living systems as open, ... More


Interactions between biological membranes: theoretical concepts

M. Kanduč, A. Schlaich, E. Schneck, and R. R. Netz

in Soft Interfaces: Lecture Notes of the Les Houches Summer School: Volume 98, July 2012

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
November 2017
ISBN:
9780198789352
eISBN:
9780191831201
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198789352.003.0012
Subject:
Physics, Soft Matter / Biological Physics

In this chapter we review the various types of generic (non-specific) forces acting between lipid membranes in an aqueous environment and discuss the underlying mechanisms, with particular focus on ... More


Density operators and Wigner functions

Helmut Hofmann

in The Physics of Warm Nuclei: with Analogies to Mesoscopic Systems

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
September 2008
ISBN:
9780198504016
eISBN:
9780191708480
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198504016.003.0019
Subject:
Physics, Nuclear and Plasma Physics

This chapter introduces density operators and matrices for many-body systems, and explains their reduction to one- and two-body densities. Starting from the Slater determinant, the latter are ... More


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