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Gregory VII and France

H. E. J. Cowdrey

in Pope Gregory VII, 1073–1085

Published in print:
1998
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198206460
eISBN:
9780191677144
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198206460.003.0005
Subject:
History, European Medieval History, History of Religion

In sharp contrast to his dealings with Germany, Pope Gregory VII never came into prolonged and open conflict with the Capetian monarchy or with any ... More


Eisenhower and Dulles Exploit U.S. Dominance in Vietnam

Gareth Porter

in Perils of Dominance: Imbalance of Power and the Road to War in Vietnam

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780520239487
eISBN:
9780520940406
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520239487.003.0003
Subject:
History, American History: 20th Century

This chapter provides a reinterpretation of the Dwight Eisenhower administration's policy toward Vietnam before and after the Geneva Accords of 1954. It illustrates how the imbalance of power created ... More


After Colonial Rule in Africa: Ghana, Tanzania, and Botswana

Zoltan Barany

in The Soldier and the Changing State: Building Democratic Armies in Africa, Asia, Europe, and the Americas

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691137681
eISBN:
9781400845491
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691137681.003.0010
Subject:
Political Science, American Politics

This chapter focuses on Ghana, Tanzania, and Botswana. During the periods under study here, Ghana experienced intermittent military rule while Tanzania was a socialist state; their armed forces were ... More


Measuring Electoral Integrity

Pippa Norris

in Why American Elections Are Flawed (and How to Fix Them)

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
September 2017
ISBN:
9781501713408
eISBN:
9781501712753
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Cornell University Press
DOI:
10.7591/cornell/9781501713408.003.0003
Subject:
Political Science, American Politics

This chapter outlines the core concept and measure of electoral integrity, the key yardstick used by the Electoral Integrity Project (EIP) to evaluate free and fair elections. EIP defines the idea of ... More


Indonesian Democracy: From Transition to Consolidation

R. William Liddle and Saiful Mujani

in Democracy and Islam in Indonesia

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
November 2015
ISBN:
9780231161916
eISBN:
9780231535052
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Columbia University Press
DOI:
10.7312/columbia/9780231161916.003.0002
Subject:
Political Science, Democratization

This chapter offers a conceptual and empirical overview of the end of authoritarianism in Indonesia, the beginning of the democratic transition, and the possibilities of democratic consolidation. ... More


Property, Education, Elections

Brice Dickson

in Human Rights and the United Kingdom Supreme Court

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
September 2013
ISBN:
9780199697458
eISBN:
9780191752247
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199697458.003.0012
Subject:
Law, Human Rights and Immigration

This chapter evaluates the case law of the House of Lords and Supreme Court on rights guaranteed by Protocol No 1 to the European Convention—the right to property, education, and free elections. ... More


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