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Ending Free Black Suffrage in North Carolina

Lacy K. Ford, Jr.

in Deliver Us from Evil: The Slavery Question in the Old South

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780195118094
eISBN:
9780199870936
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195118094.003.0015
Subject:
History, American History: 19th Century

This chapter analyzes North Carolina's decision to disfranchise all free blacks at its 1835 state constitutional convention. The push for disfranchisement of free blacks in North Carolina was led not ... More


Life in Black and White: Family and Community in the Slave South

Brenda E. Stevenson

Published in print:
1997
Published Online:
September 2011
ISBN:
9780195118032
eISBN:
9780199853793
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195118032.001.0001
Subject:
History, American History: 19th Century

This book provides a panoramic portrait of family and community life in and around Loudoun County, Virginia—weaving the fascinating personal stories of planters and slaves, of free blacks and ... More


Tennessee Debates Slavery

Lacy K. Ford, Jr.

in Deliver Us from Evil: The Slavery Question in the Old South

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780195118094
eISBN:
9780199870936
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195118094.003.0014
Subject:
History, American History: 19th Century

This chapter examines Tennessee's debates on slavery. In the middle South, the Turner crisis raised questions about the future of slavery and the position of free blacks in a slaveholding society. ... More


Illegal but Tolerated: Slave Refugees in Richmond, Virginia, 1800–1860

Viola Franziska Müller

in Fugitive Slaves and Spaces of Freedom in North America

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
May 2019
ISBN:
9780813056036
eISBN:
9780813053806
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University Press of Florida
DOI:
10.5744/florida/9780813056036.003.0007
Subject:
History, African-American History

As antebellum Virginia became the main point of departure for the domestic slave trade and enslaved people increasingly ran the risk of being sold and deported to the Deep South, the free black ... More


Coping in a Complex World Free Black Women in Colonial New Orleans

Kimberly S. Hanger

in The Devil's Lane: Sex and Race in the Early South

Published in print:
1997
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780195112436
eISBN:
9780199854271
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195112436.003.0015
Subject:
History, American History: 19th Century

This chapter explores the world inhabited by free black women or libre women in colonial New Orleans. These women found themselves living within a plantation slave society in which racial ... More


A Way Out of No Way: Black Women and Manumission

Amrita Chakrabarti Myers

in Forging Freedom: Black Women and the Pursuit of Liberty in Antebellum Charleston

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
July 2014
ISBN:
9780807835050
eISBN:
9781469602592
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of North Carolina Press
DOI:
10.5149/9780807869093_myers.6
Subject:
History, African-American History

This chapter focuses on Sophia Mauncaut, a resident of Charleston who was accused by authorities of being an illegally freed black woman. With the threat of reenslavement hanging over her head, ... More


Memory Making on Parade: African American Historical Identity in Reconstruction-Era Natchez

Susan T. Falck

in Remembering Dixie: The Battle to Control Historical Memory in Natchez, Mississippi, 1865-1941

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
May 2020
ISBN:
9781496824400
eISBN:
9781496824448
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University Press of Mississippi
DOI:
10.14325/mississippi/9781496824400.003.0003
Subject:
History, American History: 20th Century

This chapter clarifies that black communities experienced emancipation traditions in different ways. Given the large proportion of blacks in Natchez, and the region’s well-established free black ... More


Chapter 7

Roger G. Kennedy

in Burr, Hamilton, and Jefferson: A Study in Character

Published in print:
2000
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780195140552
eISBN:
9780199848775
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195140552.003.0007
Subject:
History, American History: early to 18th Century

The battle against race-based slavery and racial discrimination began in New York at the White Plains Convention of 1776, at which the colony's revolutionaries gathered to create their new ... More


Seeking Freedom in the Midst of Slavery: Fugitive Slaves in the Antebellum South

Damian Alan Pargas

in Fugitive Slaves and Spaces of Freedom in North America

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
May 2019
ISBN:
9780813056036
eISBN:
9780813053806
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University Press of Florida
DOI:
10.5744/florida/9780813056036.003.0006
Subject:
History, African-American History

Slave flight in the antebellum South did not always coincide with the political geography of freedom. Indeed, spaces and places within the U.S. South attracted the largest number of fugitive slaves. ... More


Optics of Respectability: Women, Vision, and the Black Private Sphere

Jasmine Nichole Cobb

in Picture Freedom: Remaking Black Visuality in the Early Nineteenth Century

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
March 2016
ISBN:
9781479817221
eISBN:
9781479830619
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
NYU Press
DOI:
10.18574/nyu/9781479817221.003.0002
Subject:
Society and Culture, Cultural Studies

This chapter examines emergent visual practices developed by elite free Black women within the confines of Black parlors. Focusing on free Black women's friendship albums, a popular form of ... More


Lash of the Tongue, Lash of the Whip: The Formation and Transformation of Racial Categories and Practices

Cécile Vidal

in Caribbean New Orleans: Empire, Race, and the Making of a Slave Society

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
May 2020
ISBN:
9781469645186
eISBN:
9781469645209
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of North Carolina Press
DOI:
10.5149/northcarolina/9781469645186.003.0009
Subject:
History, American History: early to 18th Century

This chapter looks simultaneously at the evolution of the language of race and at the racialization of both the judicial and military systems to analyze how racial categories were formed, inhabited, ... More


“Look! A Negress”: Public Women, Private Horrors, and the White Ontology of the Gaze

Jasmine Nichole Cobb

in Picture Freedom: Remaking Black Visuality in the Early Nineteenth Century

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
March 2016
ISBN:
9781479817221
eISBN:
9781479830619
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
NYU Press
DOI:
10.18574/nyu/9781479817221.003.0003
Subject:
Society and Culture, Cultural Studies

This chapter examines how White viewers retreated to their parlors and used caricature to retool White dominion over the visual in response to street encounters with free Blacks, including Black ... More


Blood of the Father

Brooke N. Newman

in A Dark Inheritance: Blood, Race, and Sex in Colonial Jamaica

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
May 2019
ISBN:
9780300225556
eISBN:
9780300240979
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Yale University Press
DOI:
10.12987/yale/9780300225556.003.0003
Subject:
History, World Modern History

Focusing on the 1730s through the 1750s, chapter 2 considers the relationship between notions of hereditary blood status and the legal redefinition of whiteness and British racial identity in ... More


Policing the Black Criminal

Adam Malka

in Men of Mobtown: Policing Baltimore in the Age of Slavery and Emancipation

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
January 2019
ISBN:
9781469636290
eISBN:
9781469636313
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of North Carolina Press
DOI:
10.5149/northcarolina/9781469636290.003.0006
Subject:
History, African-American History

This chapter argues that white Baltimoreans acted on their fears of free black crime all the time, often violently and usually with the municipality’s approval. In the process, it shows that the ... More


Creating a Free Black Community in New York during the Era of Emancipation

in In the Shadow of Slavery: African Americans in New York City, 1626-1863

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
March 2013
ISBN:
9780226317748
eISBN:
9780226317755
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226317755.003.0004
Subject:
History, African-American History

The War of 1812 was a high point in black cross-class support of the various forms of the free black urban presence. Occurring in the midst of the emancipation process, this war seemed to bring more ... More


Peculiar Voice: The Counter Memorial of the Free People of Colour of the District of Columbia and the Unsettling of Colonization’s Deliberative Discourse

Bjørn F. Stillion Southard

in Peculiar Rhetoric: Slavery, Freedom, and the African Colonization Movement

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
January 2020
ISBN:
9781496823694
eISBN:
9781496823724
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University Press of Mississippi
DOI:
10.14325/mississippi/9781496823694.003.0003
Subject:
History, African-American History

In response to the creation of the American Colonization Society, a Counter Memorial against the group was published by a purported group of free blacks in the District of Columbia. The exact ... More


Urban Slaves and Freed Blacks: Black Women's Objectification and Erotic Taboos

Rafael Ocasio

in Afro-Cuban Costumbrismo: From Plantations to the Slums

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
January 2013
ISBN:
9780813041643
eISBN:
9780813043913
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University Press of Florida
DOI:
10.5744/florida/9780813041643.003.0004
Subject:
Society and Culture, Latin American Studies

“Urban Slaves and Freed Blacks” examines urban Blacks, slave and freed, who were part of a rather large population that worked in a substantial number but limited range of trades and lived in ... More


Rewriting the Free Negro Past: Joseph Lumpkin, Proslavery Ideology, and Citizenship in Antebellum Georgia

Watson Jennison

in Creating Citizenship in the Nineteenth-Century South

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
September 2013
ISBN:
9780813044132
eISBN:
9780813046211
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University Press of Florida
DOI:
10.5744/florida/9780813044132.003.0002
Subject:
History, American History: 19th Century

*By the 1850s the debate over slavery had reached its peak. In the midst of growing sectionalism and political conflict, slavery’s defenders and its opponents engaged in a heated battle over the true ... More


A Second Removal?: The Rise and Defeat of Black Colonization

Paul Frymer

in Building an American Empire: The Era of Territorial and Political Expansion

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
May 2018
ISBN:
9780691166056
eISBN:
9781400885350
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691166056.003.0006
Subject:
Political Science, American Politics

This chapter examines the question of how the nation would eventually respond to the increasing numbers of free blacks as well as the impending end of legalized African slavery. It considers the ... More


“They will never become a people until they come out from amongst the white people”: James Forten and African American Ambivalence to African Colonization

Beverly C. Tomek

in Colonization and Its Discontents: Emancipation, Emigration, and Antislavery in Antebellum Pennsylvania

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
March 2016
ISBN:
9780814783481
eISBN:
9780814784433
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
NYU Press
DOI:
10.18574/nyu/9780814783481.003.0005
Subject:
History, Imperialism and Colonialism

This chapter focuses on one of the most famous black leaders of the time, the wealthy Philadelphia sailmaker and community leader James Forten. His story reveals the way in which the state's free ... More


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