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Optics of Respectability: Women, Vision, and the Black Private Sphere

Jasmine Nichole Cobb

in Picture Freedom: Remaking Black Visuality in the Early Nineteenth Century

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
March 2016
ISBN:
9781479817221
eISBN:
9781479830619
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
NYU Press
DOI:
10.18574/nyu/9781479817221.003.0002
Subject:
Society and Culture, Cultural Studies

This chapter examines emergent visual practices developed by elite free Black women within the confines of Black parlors. Focusing on free Black women's friendship albums, a popular form of ... More


“Look! A Negress”: Public Women, Private Horrors, and the White Ontology of the Gaze

Jasmine Nichole Cobb

in Picture Freedom: Remaking Black Visuality in the Early Nineteenth Century

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
March 2016
ISBN:
9781479817221
eISBN:
9781479830619
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
NYU Press
DOI:
10.18574/nyu/9781479817221.003.0003
Subject:
Society and Culture, Cultural Studies

This chapter examines how White viewers retreated to their parlors and used caricature to retool White dominion over the visual in response to street encounters with free Blacks, including Black ... More


Urban Slaves and Freed Blacks: Black Women's Objectification and Erotic Taboos

Rafael Ocasio

in Afro-Cuban Costumbrismo: From Plantations to the Slums

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
January 2013
ISBN:
9780813041643
eISBN:
9780813043913
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University Press of Florida
DOI:
10.5744/florida/9780813041643.003.0004
Subject:
Society and Culture, Latin American Studies

“Urban Slaves and Freed Blacks” examines urban Blacks, slave and freed, who were part of a rather large population that worked in a substantial number but limited range of trades and lived in ... More


“A Peculiarly ‘Ocular’ Institution”

Jasmine Nichole Cobb

in Picture Freedom: Remaking Black Visuality in the Early Nineteenth Century

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
March 2016
ISBN:
9781479817221
eISBN:
9781479830619
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
NYU Press
DOI:
10.18574/nyu/9781479817221.003.0001
Subject:
Society and Culture, Cultural Studies

This chapter examines the visual underpinnings of chattel slavery in order to contextualize the cultural crisis represented by free Blacks at the end of the eighteenth century. It considers how ... More


Rethinking African American Migration

Cheryl Janifer LaRoche

in Free Black Communities and the Underground Railroad: The Geography of Resistance

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
April 2017
ISBN:
9780252038044
eISBN:
9780252095894
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Illinois Press
DOI:
10.5406/illinois/9780252038044.003.0007
Subject:
History, African-American History

This chapter explores the relationship between migration, displacement, and the Underground Railroad movement. More specifically, it considers the processes of community building and the causes of ... More


Picture Freedom: Remaking Black Visuality in the Early Nineteenth Century

Jasmine Nichole Cobb

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
March 2016
ISBN:
9781479817221
eISBN:
9781479830619
Item type:
book
Publisher:
NYU Press
DOI:
10.18574/nyu/9781479817221.001.0001
Subject:
Society and Culture, Cultural Studies

In the decades leading up to the end of U.S. slavery, many free Blacks sat for daguerreotypes decorated in fine garments to document their self-possession. People pictured in these early photographs ... More


Introduction

Cheryl Janifer LaRoche

in Free Black Communities and the Underground Railroad: The Geography of Resistance

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
April 2017
ISBN:
9780252038044
eISBN:
9780252095894
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Illinois Press
DOI:
10.5406/illinois/9780252038044.003.0001
Subject:
History, African-American History

This book explores the free Black communities in Illinois, Indiana, and Ohio and their associations with the Underground Railroad. Focusing on the Black settlements in Rocky Fork and Miller Grove in ... More


Lick Creek, Indiana: A Quaker Connection

Cheryl Janifer LaRoche

in Free Black Communities and the Underground Railroad: The Geography of Resistance

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
April 2017
ISBN:
9780252038044
eISBN:
9780252095894
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Illinois Press
DOI:
10.5406/illinois/9780252038044.003.0004
Subject:
History, African-American History

This chapter examines the relationship of Quakers and free Blacks in Lick Creek to the Underground Railroad. The Lick Creek settlement once existed in the southeast corner of Paoli Township, Orange ... More


Family, Church, Community: Pillars of the Black Underground Railroad Movement

Cheryl Janifer LaRoche

in Free Black Communities and the Underground Railroad: The Geography of Resistance

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
April 2017
ISBN:
9780252038044
eISBN:
9780252095894
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Illinois Press
DOI:
10.5406/illinois/9780252038044.003.0008
Subject:
History, African-American History

This chapter explores the roles played by family, church, and community in the Black Underground Railroad movement. By mapping Black settlements, it clarifies and exposes the relationship between ... More


Blood of the Father

Brooke N. Newman

in A Dark Inheritance: Blood, Race, and Sex in Colonial Jamaica

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
May 2019
ISBN:
9780300225556
eISBN:
9780300240979
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Yale University Press
DOI:
10.12987/yale/9780300225556.003.0003
Subject:
History, World Modern History

Focusing on the 1730s through the 1750s, chapter 2 considers the relationship between notions of hereditary blood status and the legal redefinition of whiteness and British racial identity in ... More


The Sanctity of Property

Kimberly M. Welch

in Black Litigants in the Antebellum American South

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
September 2018
ISBN:
9781469636436
eISBN:
9781469636450
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of North Carolina Press
DOI:
10.5149/northcarolina/9781469636436.003.0006
Subject:
History, African-American History

This chapter examines lawsuits over property. Free blacks went to court with full knowledge of their rights to property, and they expected the courts to deal with them fairly and protect those ... More


Rocky Fork, Illinois: Oral Tradition as Memory

Cheryl Janifer LaRoche

in Free Black Communities and the Underground Railroad: The Geography of Resistance

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
April 2017
ISBN:
9780252038044
eISBN:
9780252095894
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Illinois Press
DOI:
10.5406/illinois/9780252038044.003.0002
Subject:
History, African-American History

This chapter examines the Rocky Fork community's relationship to other nearby Black communities and to the Underground Railroad. Drawing on oral and family histories, it reconstructs the story of the ... More


Miller Grove, Illinois: Linking a Free Black Community to the Underground Railroad

Cheryl Janifer LaRoche

in Free Black Communities and the Underground Railroad: The Geography of Resistance

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
April 2017
ISBN:
9780252038044
eISBN:
9780252095894
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Illinois Press
DOI:
10.5406/illinois/9780252038044.003.0003
Subject:
History, African-American History

This chapter examines the connections between the Miller Grove community of free Blacks and the Underground Railroad. Established in 1844, Miller Grove is a cluster of rural farmsteads named for ... More


The Geography of Resistance

Cheryl Janifer LaRoche

in Free Black Communities and the Underground Railroad: The Geography of Resistance

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
April 2017
ISBN:
9780252038044
eISBN:
9780252095894
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Illinois Press
DOI:
10.5406/illinois/9780252038044.003.0006
Subject:
History, African-American History

This chapter examines escape routes, churches, iron forges and furnaces, and waterways that make up the pathways to freedom and “the geography of resistance.” It considers the concept of freedom as a ... More


Poke Patch, Ohio: A Different Route

Cheryl Janifer LaRoche

in Free Black Communities and the Underground Railroad: The Geography of Resistance

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
April 2017
ISBN:
9780252038044
eISBN:
9780252095894
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Illinois Press
DOI:
10.5406/illinois/9780252038044.003.0005
Subject:
History, African-American History

This chapter examines the relationship between the Underground Railroad and Poke Patch's free Black community, arguing that routes connecting iron furnace regions surrounding the community reveal an ... More


Destination Freedom

Cheryl Janifer LaRoche

in Free Black Communities and the Underground Railroad: The Geography of Resistance

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
April 2017
ISBN:
9780252038044
eISBN:
9780252095894
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Illinois Press
DOI:
10.5406/illinois/9780252038044.003.0010
Subject:
History, African-American History

By focusing on the geography of resistance and its landscape features in four different Black settlements, this book has cast a different light on the nature of Black escape from slavery and the ... More


Black Litigants in the Antebellum American South

Kimberly M. Welch

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
September 2018
ISBN:
9781469636436
eISBN:
9781469636450
Item type:
book
Publisher:
University of North Carolina Press
DOI:
10.5149/northcarolina/9781469636436.001.0001
Subject:
History, African-American History

In the antebellum Natchez district, in the heart of slave country, black people sued white people in all-white courtrooms. They sued to enforce the terms of their contracts, recover unpaid debts, ... More


Racial and Ethnic Diversity in the Urban South

Jeff Strickland

in Unequal Freedoms: Ethnicity, Race, and White Supremacy in Civil War-Era Charleston

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
January 2016
ISBN:
9780813060798
eISBN:
9780813050867
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University Press of Florida
DOI:
10.5744/florida/9780813060798.003.0002
Subject:
History, American History: 19th Century

Charleston was a coastal port city on the Atlantic Ocean, and, along with its physical geography, that led to heightened social interaction between slaves, free blacks, and European immigrants. ... More


Slavery and Urban Life

Jeff Strickland

in Unequal Freedoms: Ethnicity, Race, and White Supremacy in Civil War-Era Charleston

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
January 2016
ISBN:
9780813060798
eISBN:
9780813050867
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University Press of Florida
DOI:
10.5744/florida/9780813060798.003.0003
Subject:
History, American History: 19th Century

German and Irish immigrants interacted with slaves and free blacks in Charleston on a daily basis and in a variety of social and economic contexts. The brutality of urban slavery was unmistakable as ... More


For Family and Property

Kimberly M. Welch

in Black Litigants in the Antebellum American South

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
September 2018
ISBN:
9781469636436
eISBN:
9781469636450
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of North Carolina Press
DOI:
10.5149/northcarolina/9781469636436.003.0008
Subject:
History, African-American History

When using the courts to protect their family, people of color relied on and deployed a well-used model for litigation and claims-making—a model set by fellow black litigants. This model included ... More


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