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Framing Effects in Referendums: Experimental Evidence

Sara Binzer Hobolt

in Europe in Question: Referendums on European Integration

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780199549948
eISBN:
9780191720451
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199549948.003.0005
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics, European Union

The purpose of this chapter is to examine how different ‘frames’ influence individual vote choices in referendums. Framing effects occur when people's responses to an issue depend on how it is ... More


Framing Effects

Jamie Terence Kelly

in Framing Democracy: A Behavioral Approach to Democratic Theory

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691155197
eISBN:
9781400845545
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691155197.003.0002
Subject:
Philosophy, Political Philosophy

This chapter introduces the phenomenon of framing. More specifically, it shows why the fact that human decisions are not invariant over equivalent formulations of the same decision problem ought to ... More


Reasons for the annuity puzzle

Edmund Cannon and Ian Tonks

in Annuity Markets

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
January 2009
ISBN:
9780199216994
eISBN:
9780191711978
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199216994.003.0008
Subject:
Business and Management, Pensions and Pension Management

This chapter discusses a variety of reasons why it may be rational to avoid full annuitization. It discusses the interaction of annuities with state pensions, deferring annuitization, expenditure ... More


Behavioral Democratic Theory Applied

Jamie Terence Kelly

in Framing Democracy: A Behavioral Approach to Democratic Theory

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691155197
eISBN:
9781400845545
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691155197.003.0005
Subject:
Philosophy, Political Philosophy

This chapter assesses the relevance of framing effects for particular normative theories of democracy. It shows how the phenomenon of framing discussed in Chapter 1 ought to affect our thinking about ... More


Institutional Implications

Jamie Terence Kelly

in Framing Democracy: A Behavioral Approach to Democratic Theory

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691155197
eISBN:
9781400845545
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691155197.003.0006
Subject:
Philosophy, Political Philosophy

This chapter identifies a number of plausible institutional reforms that could help to secure the epistemic value of democratic decision making even in the face of framing. In order to counteract the ... More


Introduction

Jason Stanley

in Knowledge and Practical Interests

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
May 2006
ISBN:
9780199288038
eISBN:
9780191603679
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199288038.003.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

This chapter lays out the basic evidence for the thesis that whether or not someone knows a proposition at a given time is partly determined by his or her practical interests. It considers and ... More


Introduction

Jamie Terence Kelly

in Framing Democracy: A Behavioral Approach to Democratic Theory

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691155197
eISBN:
9781400845545
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691155197.003.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Political Philosophy

This introductory chapter first sets out the book's purpose, which is to argue that, just as in economics and law, normative democratic theory must begin to pay attention to the picture of human ... More


Framing Democracy: A Behavioral Approach to Democratic Theory

Jamie Terence Kelly

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691155197
eISBN:
9781400845545
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691155197.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Political Philosophy

The past thirty years have seen a surge of empirical research into political decision making and the influence of framing effects—the phenomenon that occurs when different but equivalent ... More


Framing effects and rationality

Shlomi Sher and Craig R. M. McKenzie

in The Probabilistic Mind:: Prospects for Bayesian cognitive science

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780199216093
eISBN:
9780191695971
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199216093.003.0004
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology

This chapter demonstrates how the pragmatics of natural language can explain many apparent biases of ‘framing’ in reasoning. It explains that the way in which a problem is expressed carries a great ... More


The Second Challenge: Individuating Outcomes

José Luis Bermúdez

in Decision Theory and Rationality

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780199548026
eISBN:
9780191720246
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199548026.003.0004
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind, Philosophy of Science

Standard presentations of decision theory adopt some version of the invariance principle (that it is irrational to assign different utilities to propositions known to be equivalent). This normative ... More


Theories of Democracy

Jamie Terence Kelly

in Framing Democracy: A Behavioral Approach to Democratic Theory

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691155197
eISBN:
9781400845545
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691155197.003.0003
Subject:
Philosophy, Political Philosophy

This chapter develops a taxonomy of theories of democracy that maps the extent to which they rely on the judgment of citizens. It aims to achieve two things. First, it sorts the vast array of extant ... More


Distributive Justice *: An Overview Of Experimental Evidence Wulf Gaertner

Wulf Gaertner

in The Handbook of Rational and Social Choice

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780199290420
eISBN:
9780191710506
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199290420.003.0022
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Public and Welfare

In this survey questionnaire‐experimental studies on issues of distributive justice are discussed. The chapter starts with the aspect of needs, then asks what happens in the context of production ... More


The neurodynamics of choice, value-based decisions, and preference reversal

Marius Usher, Anat Elhalal, and James L. McClelland

in The Probabilistic Mind:: Prospects for Bayesian cognitive science

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780199216093
eISBN:
9780191695971
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199216093.003.0013
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology

This chapter aims to review some of the neurocomputational work by contrasting the various processing assumptions and the way they account for one of the most intriguing patterns in the choice data: ... More


Loss Aversion: Normative Implications

Eyal Zamir

in Law, Psychology, and Morality: The Role of Loss Aversion

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
November 2014
ISBN:
9780199972050
eISBN:
9780190215064
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199972050.003.0009
Subject:
Law, Philosophy of Law

This chapter examines the policy implications of the various interactions between loss aversion and the law. It starts by claiming that loss aversion is not irrational per se, and that the ... More


Law, Psychology, and Morality: The Role of Loss Aversion

Eyal Zamir

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
November 2014
ISBN:
9780199972050
eISBN:
9780190215064
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199972050.001.0001
Subject:
Law, Philosophy of Law

Prospect theory posits that people do not perceive outcomes as final states of wealth or welfare, but rather as gains or losses in relation to some reference point. People are generally loss averse: ... More


The Empirical Findings

Edouard Machery

in Philosophy Within Its Proper Bounds

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
August 2017
ISBN:
9780198807520
eISBN:
9780191845444
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198807520.003.0003
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind

Chapter 2 is the first systematic review of the empirical findings suggesting that the judgments influenced by philosophical cases vary across demographic groups (culture, gender, age, SES, ... More


Defending Moral Judgment

Joshua May

in Regard for Reason in the Moral Mind

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
June 2018
ISBN:
9780198811572
eISBN:
9780191848452
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198811572.003.0004
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind

Wide-ranging debunking arguments aim to support moral skepticism based on empirical evidence (particularly of evolutionary pressures, framing effects, automatic emotional heuristics, and incidental ... More


Gettier Was Framed!

Edouard Machery, Stephen Stich, David Rose, Amita Chatterjee, Kaori Karasawa, Noel Struchiner, Smita Sirker, Naoki Usui, and Takaaki Hashimoto

in Epistemology for the Rest of the World

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
October 2018
ISBN:
9780190865085
eISBN:
9780190865115
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190865085.003.0007
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

Gettier cases describe situations where an agent possesses a justified true belief that p, without, at least according to mainstream analytic epistemology, knowing that p, while the “Gettier ... More


Evolutionary Considerations in the Framing of Social Norms

Kevin J. S. Zollman

in Social Dynamics

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
June 2014
ISBN:
9780199652822
eISBN:
9780191779367
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199652822.003.0009
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Science

This chapter aims to illustrate evolutionary explanations for the emergence of framing effects, discussed in detail in Cristina Bicchieri’s The Grammar of Society. It shows how framing effects might ... More


Denial and Acknowledgment in Serbia

Diane Orentlicher

in Some Kind of Justice: The ICTY's Impact in Bosnia and Serbia

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
April 2018
ISBN:
9780190882273
eISBN:
9780190882303
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190882273.003.0007
Subject:
Law, Public International Law, Human Rights and Immigration

A paramount hope of Serbians who supported the ICTY was that its judgments would convince Serbian society that Serbs committed mass atrocities with extensive support from the Serbian government, and ... More


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