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Authoritative Governance: Policy Making in the Age of Mediatization

Maarten A. Hajer

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
February 2010
ISBN:
9780199281671
eISBN:
9780191713132
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199281671.001.0001
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics

Mediatic representation has become an integral part of politics and policy. The dominance of incident-oriented media formats has led students of politics and media to fear a trend of ‘dumbing down’: ... More


Representative Institutions: Elections and Electoral Systems

Benjamin Reilly

in Democracy and Diversity: Political Engineering in the Asia-Pacific

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
January 2007
ISBN:
9780199286874
eISBN:
9780191713156
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199286874.003.0005
Subject:
Political Science, Democratization

In examining the relationship between political reform and the redesign of Asia-Pacific electoral systems, this chapter argues that many of the political reforms undertaken across the region in ... More


Trade and the Environment: Fundamental Issues in International Law, WTO Law, and Legal Theory

Erich Vranes

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780199562787
eISBN:
9780191705366
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199562787.001.0001
Subject:
Law, Public International Law, EU Law

This book deals with a central topic in general international law, WTO law, and international environmental law, namely the relevance of the WTO legal system for environmental protection. The ... More


Conclusion

Stephen Gaukroger

in The Collapse of Mechanism and the Rise of Sensibility: Science and the Shaping of Modernity, 1680-1760

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
January 2011
ISBN:
9780199594931
eISBN:
9780191595745
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199594931.003.0014
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Science, General

By the middle of the eighteenth century, the elevated place natural philosophy had achieved remained secure, and indeed was reinforced as naturalization became a dominant explanatory strategy. On the ... More


Young Islam: The New Politics of Religion in Morocco and the Arab World

Avi Max Spiegel

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691159843
eISBN:
9781400866434
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691159843.001.0001
Subject:
Society and Culture, Middle Eastern Studies

Today, two-thirds of all Arab Muslims are under the age of thirty. This book takes readers inside the evolving competition for their support—a competition not simply between Islamism and the secular ... More


Years of Uncertainty 1976–2000

A. H. Halsey

in A History of Sociology in Britain: Science, Literature, and Society

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
April 2004
ISBN:
9780199266609
eISBN:
9780191601019
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199266603.003.0008
Subject:
Political Science, UK Politics

The final quarter of the twentieth century brought, at first, institutional arrest, retrenchment, and reduced funding for both research and teaching. Then came the 1992 decision, paradoxically, by a ... More


Confusion and Fragmentation

Melchisedec TÖrÖnen

in Union and Distinction in the Thought of St Maximus the Confessor

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
May 2007
ISBN:
9780199296118
eISBN:
9780191712258
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199296118.003.0014
Subject:
Religion, Early Christian Studies

Examines the situation of humanity in its fallen state. Confusion and fragmentation, passions and individualism prevail. Vices, self-love, and gnome divide the one humanity.


Spain: Proportional Representation with Majoritarian Outcomes

Jonathan Hopkin

in The Politics of Electoral Systems

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
February 2006
ISBN:
9780199257560
eISBN:
9780191603280
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199257566.003.0018
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics

Spain has a PR system that has not been particularly proportional. The main reason is that its 50 historic provinces (dating from 1833) were chosen as the electoral districts, and these provinces ... More


Belgium: Empowering Voters or Party Elites?

Lieven De Winter

in The Politics of Electoral Systems

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
February 2006
ISBN:
9780199257560
eISBN:
9780191603280
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199257566.003.0020
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics

Belgium’s list PR system was reformed to enhance voters’ influence over which party candidates are elected. Belgium’s extreme party fragmentation (the largest party has only 15 per cent) has been ... More


Finland: One Hundred Years of Quietude

Tapio Raunio

in The Politics of Electoral Systems

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
February 2006
ISBN:
9780199257560
eISBN:
9780191603280
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199257566.003.0023
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics

The Finnish electoral system – which will be 100 years old in 2006 – enjoys a high level of legitimacy among voters, and is thus unlikely to be changed. Finland has one of the most candidate-centred ... More


Strong Demand, Huge Supply: Governance in an Emerging Epoch

JAMES N. ROSENAU

in Multi-level Governance

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
April 2004
ISBN:
9780199259250
eISBN:
9780191600968
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199259259.003.0003
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics

James Rosenau considers whether multi‐level governance can serve as a ‘prime mechanism’ to steer the tensions of ‘fragmegration’ in constructive directions. Fragmegration, a contraction of the terms ... More


Political Parties and Party Systems

Hans‐Dieter Klingemann

in The European Voter: A Comparative Study Of Modern Democracies

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
October 2005
ISBN:
9780199273218
eISBN:
9780191602962
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199273219.003.0002
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics

This chapter offers a historical description of the development of the national party systems of the countries represented in the book. First, it provides an overview of the political parties in the ... More


Public Policy and Administration, Old and New

B. Guy Peters and Vincent Wright

in A New Handbook of Political Science

Published in print:
1998
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198294719
eISBN:
9780191599361
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198294719.003.0027
Subject:
Political Science, Reference

Public administration research and theory has undergone a fundamental change, unlike any other area in political science. Six fundamental assumptions of public administration have been challenged ... More


Globalization Manqué: Regional Fragmentation and Authoritarian‐Liberalism in the Middle East

Yezid Sayigh

in The Third World Beyond the Cold War: Continuity and Change

Published in print:
2000
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198295518
eISBN:
9780191599217
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198295510.003.0010
Subject:
Political Science, International Relations and Politics

The main strategic, economic, and political changes in the Middle East since the end of the cold war are outlined, and an attempt made to account for the linkages between them. It is argued, first, ... More


Hung Parliaments and Proportional Representation

Vernon Bogdanor

in The Monarchy and the Constitution

Published in print:
1997
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198293347
eISBN:
9780191598821
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198293348.003.0006
Subject:
Political Science, UK Politics

Despite Britain's first past the post‐electoral system, which generally produces single‐party majorities, Britain has become more politically fragmented in recent years. This makes a hung ... More


Participation, Inequality, and the Whereabouts of Democracy

Carlos M. Vilas

in The New Politics of Inequality in Latin America: Rethinking Participation and Representation

Published in print:
1997
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198781837
eISBN:
9780191598968
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198781830.003.0001
Subject:
Political Science, Democratization

The articles in the book are set in the context of the ongoing debate over the conflict‐ridden and partial democracy that has emerged in the region, a democracy that tolerates military vetoes over ... More


Mixed Electoral Rules, Partisan Realignment, and Party System Change in Italy

Roberto D'Alimonte

in Mixed-Member Electoral Systems: The Best of Both Worlds?

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780199257683
eISBN:
9780191600241
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/019925768X.003.0016
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics

When the new mixed‐member majoritarian (MMM) electoral system was introduced in the summer of 1993, Italian politics was characterized by a destructuring of the old party system with a dramatic ... More


Finland: Polarized Pluralism in the Shadow of a Strong Presiden t

Tapio Raunio and Matti Wiberg

in Delegation and Accountability in Parliamentary Democracies

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
January 2005
ISBN:
9780198297840
eISBN:
9780191602016
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/019829784X.003.0008
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics

Describes the chain of delegation in the context of a semi-presidential democracy. The Finnish president has wide-ranging powers and is a strong political player, which influences the patterns of ... More


The Senior Civil Service in the Netherlands: A Quest for Unity

Frits M. Van Der Meer and Jos C. N. Raadschelders

in Bureaucratic Elites in Western European States: A Comparative Analysis of Top Officials

Published in print:
1999
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198294467
eISBN:
9780191600067
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198294468.003.0010
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics

Dutch society takes pride in its egalitarian character, and political and administrative officeholders are neither separated off nor placed on a pedestal. This general attitude originates in the ... More


Removing Barriers to Trade: Empirical Evidence

Michelle P. Egan

in Constructing a European Market: Standards, Regulation, and Governance

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780199244058
eISBN:
9780191599132
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199244057.003.0003
Subject:
Political Science, European Union

Focuses on the costs of market fragmentation in Europe. It reviews the economic impact of removing barriers to trade as a result of divergent national standards, testing, and certification ... More


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