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Fragile States: An Overview

Wim Naudé, Amelia U. Santos-Paulino, and Mark McGillivray

in Fragile States: Causes, Costs, and Responses

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780199693153
eISBN:
9780191731990
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199693153.003.0001
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Development, Growth, and Environmental, International

One of the major challenges of global development is to identify when states are fragile, understand in which dimensions they are fragile and why, and determine the costs of such state fragility as ... More


The Causes and Measurement of State Fragility

David Carment, Stewart Prest, and Yiagadeesen Samy

in Fragile States: Causes, Costs, and Responses

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780199693153
eISBN:
9780191731990
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199693153.003.0003
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Development, Growth, and Environmental, International

This chapter is derived from our ongoing research on fragile states funded by the Canadian International Development Agency (CIDA) to help policy-makers and analysts make decisions on where and how ... More


Aid to Fragile States: Do Donors Help or Hinder?

Stephen Browne

in Foreign Aid for Development: Issues, Challenges, and the New Agenda

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
May 2010
ISBN:
9780199580934
eISBN:
9780191723346
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199580934.003.0007
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Development, Growth, and Environmental

The record of aid to fragile and poorly-performing states is the real test of aid effectiveness. Rich countries can justify aid to fragile states both through altruism and self-interest. But, with ... More


African development through peace and security to sustainability

Karolina Werner

in Development In Africa: Refocusing the lens after the Millennium Development Goals

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
May 2016
ISBN:
9781447328537
eISBN:
9781447328551
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Policy Press
DOI:
10.1332/policypress/9781447328537.003.0013
Subject:
Political Science, Public Policy

This chapter focuses on the importance of including peace and security in the development agenda. Identifying both fragile and conflict-affected states, it will analyze the obstacles to development ... More


Aid Allocation and Fragile States *

Mark McGillivray

in Fragile States: Causes, Costs, and Responses

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780199693153
eISBN:
9780191731990
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199693153.003.0009
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Development, Growth, and Environmental, International

This chapter summarizes research on aid allocation and effectiveness, highlighting the current findings of recent research on aid allocation to fragile states. Fragile states are defined by the donor ... More


Fragile States: Causes, Costs, and Responses

Wim Naudé, Amelia U. Santos-Paulino, and Mark McGillivray (eds)

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780199693153
eISBN:
9780191731990
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199693153.001.0001
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Development, Growth, and Environmental, International

Overcoming state fragility is one of the most important international development objectives of the 21st century. Many fragile states have turned into failed states, where millions of people are ... More


State Fragility: Concept and Measurement

Mina Baliamoune-Lutz and Mark McGillivray

in Fragile States: Causes, Costs, and Responses

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780199693153
eISBN:
9780191731990
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199693153.003.0002
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Development, Growth, and Environmental, International

The international donor community has grave concerns about the prospects for poverty reduction in what it terms ‘fragile states’. A state is classified as fragile if its country policy and ... More


Economic performance and social progress in Sub-Saharan Africa: the effect of least developed countries and fragile states

Manmohan Agarwal and Natasha Pirzada

in Development In Africa: Refocusing the lens after the Millennium Development Goals

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
May 2016
ISBN:
9781447328537
eISBN:
9781447328551
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Policy Press
DOI:
10.1332/policypress/9781447328537.003.0009
Subject:
Political Science, Public Policy

The chapter examines the economic performance of different regions of developing countries and its impact on progress towards achieving the MDGs. It finds that most progress has been made either ... More


Development Assistance

Timothy Besley and Torsten Persson

in Pillars of Prosperity: The Political Economics of Development Clusters

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691152684
eISBN:
9781400840526
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691152684.003.0006
Subject:
Economics and Finance, History of Economic Thought

This chapter explores the implications of the analytical approach for the design of development assistance. The model suggests a number of margins on which we would expect such assistance to have an ... More


Conflict Prevention as a Policy Objective of Development Aid

Sakiko Fukuda‐Parr

in Foreign Aid for Development: Issues, Challenges, and the New Agenda

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
May 2010
ISBN:
9780199580934
eISBN:
9780191723346
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199580934.003.0006
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Development, Growth, and Environmental

The current consensus objective of development aid in the international community is to reduce poverty in general and to achieve the Millennium Development Goals (MDGs) in particular. In addition, ... More


Democratic Peacebuilding: Aiding Afghanistan and other Fragile States

Richard J. Ponzio

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
May 2011
ISBN:
9780199594955
eISBN:
9780191725562
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199594955.001.0001
Subject:
Political Science, International Relations and Politics, Political Theory

This book examines the evolution of international peacebuilding since the cold war, identifying the factors that limit the progress of international actors to institutionalize democratic authority ... More


Resources, Conflict, and State Fragility: Iraq and Somalia

Ghassan Dibeh

in Fragile States: Causes, Costs, and Responses

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780199693153
eISBN:
9780191731990
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199693153.003.0004
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Development, Growth, and Environmental, International

This chapter studies state failure and governance in two conflict-states in the Middle East: Iraq and Somalia. Iraq is currently undergoing a social experiment under which a new form of government is ... More


Analytical Tools to Understand and Evaluate Democratic Authority and Rule of Law Institutionalization after War

Richard J. Ponzio

in Democratic Peacebuilding: Aiding Afghanistan and other Fragile States

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
May 2011
ISBN:
9780199594955
eISBN:
9780191725562
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199594955.003.0002
Subject:
Political Science, International Relations and Politics, Political Theory

Chapter 1 builds directly on the Introduction by defining the main features of this study's conceptual framework, including qualitative and quantitative measurement tools. Specifically, it juxtaposes ... More


Failing states

Stephen Emerson and Hussein Solomon

in African security in the twenty-first century: Challenges and opportunities

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
September 2018
ISBN:
9781526122735
eISBN:
9781526136190
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Manchester University Press
DOI:
10.7228/manchester/9781526122735.003.0004
Subject:
Political Science, International Relations and Politics

States are the only contemporary political organizations that enjoy a unique legal status under international law—sovereignty—and are deemed to possess an exclusive monopoly on the legitimate use of ... More


Weak States in the Middle East

Mehran Kamrava

in Fragile Politics: Weak States in the Greater Middle East

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
September 2016
ISBN:
9780190246211
eISBN:
9780190638511
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780190246211.003.0001
Subject:
Political Science, Conflict Politics and Policy

This introductory chapter presents a broad survey of the study of weak states both as a scholarly exercise and in relation to the Middle East. The study of weak states is itself a controversial ... More


Fragile Politics: Weak States in the Greater Middle East

Mehran Kamrava (ed.)

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
September 2016
ISBN:
9780190246211
eISBN:
9780190638511
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780190246211.001.0001
Subject:
Political Science, Conflict Politics and Policy

Although the concept of “state failure” emerged after the Cold War, it gained major prominence after the September 11 attacks with the emerging discourse focusing primarily on the Greater Middle ... More


State Capacity and Aid Effectiveness in Weak States in the Greater Middle East

Mark McGillivray

in Fragile Politics: Weak States in the Greater Middle East

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
September 2016
ISBN:
9780190246211
eISBN:
9780190638511
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780190246211.003.0012
Subject:
Political Science, Conflict Politics and Policy

Stronger states provide aid to weak, failing, or fragile states to help them establish and sustain peace, prevent their slide into civil collapse, and achieve sustainable growth and development over ... More


Margin and Center in Sudan: On the Historicity of State Weakness

Rogaia Mustafa Abusharaf

in Fragile Politics: Weak States in the Greater Middle East

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
September 2016
ISBN:
9780190246211
eISBN:
9780190638511
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780190246211.003.0007
Subject:
Political Science, Conflict Politics and Policy

Sudan is usually classified as a “failing” or “weak” state in the international arena due to its incoherent and dysfunctional political system and economic constraints. This chapter attempts to ... More


Extralegal Groups in Post-Conflict Liberia: How Trade Makes the State

Christine Cheng

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
June 2018
ISBN:
9780199673346
eISBN:
9780191755910
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780199673346.001.0001
Subject:
Political Science, International Relations and Politics

In the aftermath of the Liberian civil war, groups of ex-combatants took control of natural resource enclaves. With some of them threatening a return to war, these groups were widely viewed as the ... More


Does Decentralization Strengthen or Weaken the State?: Authority and Social Learning in a Supple State

Jean-Paul Faguet, Ashley M. Fox, and Caroline Pöschl

in Is Decentralization Good For Development?: Perspectives from Academics and Policy Makers

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
September 2015
ISBN:
9780198737506
eISBN:
9780191800894
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198737506.003.0006
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Development, Growth, and Environmental, Public and Welfare

This chapter examines how decentralization affects four key aspects of state strength: (i) Authority over territory and conflict prevention, (ii) Policy autonomy and the ability to uphold the law, ... More


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