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Gap Junctions and the Notion of Electrical Coupling Between Axons

Roger D. Roger and Miles A. Whittington

in Cortical Oscillations in Health and Disease

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
May 2010
ISBN:
9780195342796
eISBN:
9780199776276
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195342796.003.0009
Subject:
Neuroscience, Molecular and Cellular Systems, Development

Gap junctions are an evolutionarily ancient form of intercellular communication, present in a variety of tissues, and essential to life. A variety of types of experimental evidence indicates that gap ... More


Fractured Porous Media

Pierre M. Adler, Jean-François Thovert, and Valeri V. Mourzenko

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
January 2013
ISBN:
9780199666515
eISBN:
9780191748639
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199666515.001.0001
Subject:
Physics, Condensed Matter Physics / Materials

This book aims to estimate the macroscopic properties of fractures, fracture networks and fractured porous media from easily measurable quantities. Attention is focused on geological media where ... More


FREE-DISCONTINUITY PROBLEMS

Andrea Braides

in Gamma-Convergence for Beginners

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780198507840
eISBN:
9780191709890
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198507840.003.0008
Subject:
Mathematics, Applied Mathematics

This chapter introduces the space of piecewise-Sobolev functions, which is the one-dimensional version of the De Giorgi-Ambrosio SBV space. Sample applications to Signal Reconstruction (the ... More


DISCRETE SYSTEMS AND FREE-DISCONTINUITY PROBLEMS

Andrea Braides

in Gamma-Convergence for Beginners

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780198507840
eISBN:
9780191709890
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198507840.003.0012
Subject:
Mathematics, Applied Mathematics

This chapter shows how general non-convex difference schemes can give rise to functionals defined by piecewise-Sobolev functions with interactions between surface and volume terms. Different ... More


Coarse-Grained Molecular Dynamics: Concurrent Multiscale Simulation at Finite Temperature Protect 1

Robert E. Rudd

in Multiscale Methods: Bridging the Scales in Science and Engineering

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
February 2010
ISBN:
9780199233854
eISBN:
9780191715532
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199233854.003.0005
Subject:
Mathematics, Applied Mathematics

Coarse-grained molecular dynamics (CGMD) is a computer modeling technique that couples conventional molecular dynamics (MD) in some spatial regions of the simulation to a more coarse-grained ... More


Instabilities and Self-Organization in Materials: Volume I: Fundamentals of Nanoscience, Volume II: Applications in Materials Design and Nanotechnology

Nasr Ghoniem and Daniel Walgraef

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
May 2008
ISBN:
9780199298686
eISBN:
9780191720222
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199298686.001.0001
Subject:
Physics, Condensed Matter Physics / Materials

In materials, critical phenomena such as phase transitions, plastic deformation and fracture are intimately related to self-organization. Understanding the origin of spatio-temporal order in systems ... More


THE CASE FOR EDWARDSIAN RESEARCH IN SOLID MECHANICS: A SERMON

J. S. Langer

in Stealing the Gold: A celebration of the pioneering physics of Sam Edwards

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780198528531
eISBN:
9780191713415
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198528531.003.0028
Subject:
Physics, Theoretical, Computational, and Statistical Physics

Sam Edwards has very successfully brought new insights and methods of theoretical study to many areas of condensed matter physics where clear quantitative formation did not earlier exist. This ... More


From Public Exposure to Private Dialogue, 1995–1998

Rosemary Foot

in Rights Beyond Borders: The Global Community and the Struggle over Human Rights in China

Published in print:
2000
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198297765
eISBN:
9780191599279
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198297769.003.0007
Subject:
Political Science, International Relations and Politics

Over the period 1995–1998, China's main objectives in the human rights area was to shift the venue of the discursive debate on its record away from a public, multilateral forum in which China was ... More


Reading the Bones: Activity, Biology, and Culture

Elizabeth Weiss

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
May 2018
ISBN:
9780813054988
eISBN:
9780813053707
Item type:
book
Publisher:
University Press of Florida
DOI:
10.5744/florida/9780813054988.001.0001
Subject:
Archaeology, Methodology and Techniques

Do skeletal indicators used to reconstruct past people’s activity patterns actually reflect biological differences? This book reviews the literature on the most commonly utilized activity pattern ... More


Emergencies in palliative care

Derek Doyle, David Jeffrey, and Kenneth Calman

in Palliative Care in the Home

Published in print:
2000
Published Online:
November 2011
ISBN:
9780192632272
eISBN:
9780191730245
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780192632272.003.0006
Subject:
Palliative Care, Patient Care and End-of-Life Decision Making, Pain Management and Palliative Pharmacology

Palliative care, in an ideal sense, should be proactive. It should be able to anticipate problems and take the necessary action to prevent them if possible. However, there are instances in palliative ... More


Introduction

Pierre M. Adler, Jean-François Thovert, and Valeri V. Mourzenko

in Fractured Porous Media

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
January 2013
ISBN:
9780199666515
eISBN:
9780191748639
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199666515.003.0001
Subject:
Physics, Condensed Matter Physics / Materials

This chapter details the point of view adopted by this book which is based on a course. For pedagogical purposes, the bulk of this book deals with the isotropically oriented and uniformly distributed ... More


Surface cracks and boundaries

G. A. D. Briggs and O. V. Kolosov

in Acoustic Microscopy: Second Edition

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
February 2010
ISBN:
9780199232734
eISBN:
9780191716355
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199232734.003.0012
Subject:
Physics, Condensed Matter Physics / Materials

Surface cracks and boundaries give contrast in acoustic microscopy even when they are so fine that by conventional resolution criteria they would be expected to be scarcely visible. The contrast ... More


Mechanical properties

Victor F. Petrenko and Robert W. Whitworth

in Physics of Ice

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
February 2010
ISBN:
9780198518945
eISBN:
9780191707247
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198518945.003.0008
Subject:
Physics, Crystallography

Ice is a material that exhibits both ductile flow, as in the flow of a glacier, and also brittle fracture, as in the crushing of ice under impact from an icebreaker. This chapter considers ... More


The Theory of Materials Failure

Richard M. Christensen

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
May 2013
ISBN:
9780199662111
eISBN:
9780191748387
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199662111.001.0001
Subject:
Physics, Condensed Matter Physics / Materials

This book provides a complete and comprehensive development of failure theory for homogeneous materials. The resultant failure criteria to be used for applications with isotropic materials are ... More


Refugee Love as Feminist Compassion

Aihwa Ong

in Buddha Is Hiding: Refugees, Citizenship, the New America

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780520229983
eISBN:
9780520937161
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520229983.003.0007
Subject:
Sociology, Migration Studies (including Refugee Studies)

This chapter discusses the effects of the gender and racial fracturing and introduces the concept of refugee love. This is an attitude and set of practices that can be traced to the paternalism of ... More


Transport in fracture Networks

Pierre M. Adler, Jean-François Thovert, and Valeri V. Mourzenko

in Fractured Porous Media

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
January 2013
ISBN:
9780199666515
eISBN:
9780191748639
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199666515.003.0005
Subject:
Physics, Condensed Matter Physics / Materials

This chapter is devoted to the permeability of fracture networks. The general equations and boundary conditions which apply to networks are given. The flow inside each fracture is described by a two ... More


Transport in a fractured porous medium

Pierre M. Adler, Jean-François Thovert, and Valeri V. Mourzenko

in Fractured Porous Media

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
January 2013
ISBN:
9780199666515
eISBN:
9780191748639
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199666515.003.0006
Subject:
Physics, Condensed Matter Physics / Materials

This chapter extends Chapter 5 to fractured porous media and its structure is basically the same, namely a general section with the governing Darcy equations, the meshing of the solid porous matrix ... More


Doves Among Hawks: Struggles of the Israeli Peace Movements

Samy Cohen

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
September 2019
ISBN:
9780190947903
eISBN:
9780190077907
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190947903.001.0001
Subject:
Political Science, Middle Eastern Politics

What has become of Israel's peace movement? In the early 1980s, it was a major political force, bringing hundreds of thousands onto the streets; but since then, its importance has declined amid ... More


Therapy of acute spinal cord injury

Wise Young

in Spinal Cord Dysfunction: Volume II: Intervention and Treatment

Published in print:
1991
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780192617873
eISBN:
9780191724312
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780192617873.003.0003
Subject:
Neuroscience, Disorders of the Nervous System

Clinical and laboratory approaches to spinal cord injury maintain the traditional pessimism first expressed in the Edwin Smith Papyrus, which regarded the possibility of recovery from spinal cord ... More


The management of pain and other complications from bone metastases

Yolanda Zuriarrain Reyna and Eduardo Bruera

in Palliative Care Consultations in Advanced Breast Cancer

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
November 2011
ISBN:
9780198530756
eISBN:
9780191730481
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198530756.003.0009
Subject:
Palliative Care, Patient Care and End-of-Life Decision Making

This chapter discusses the main aspects of the assessment and management of pain, along with other complications from bone metastases. Some of these complications are pathological fractures, ... More


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