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Crystallography of the Polymethylene Chain: An Inquiry into the Structure of Waxes

Douglas L. Dorset

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780198529088
eISBN:
9780191712838
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198529088.001.0001
Subject:
Physics, Crystallography: Physics

This book describes the solid state behaviour of organic materials based the polymethylene chain, i.e., the functional molecular component of polyethylenes, soaps, detergents, edible fats, lipids, ... More


Stable Isotopes and Radiocarbon

Thomas S. Bianchi and Elizabeth A. Canuel

in Chemical Biomarkers in Aquatic Ecosystems

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691134147
eISBN:
9781400839100
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691134147.003.0003
Subject:
Biology, Ecology

This chapter discusses the basic principles surrounding the application of stable isotopes in natural ecosystems, which are based on variations in the relative abundance of lighter isotopes from ... More


Use of Stable Isotopes in Mercury Research

Holger Hintelmann

in Mercury in the Environment: Pattern and Process

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780520271630
eISBN:
9780520951396
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520271630.003.0004
Subject:
Biology, Ecology

The determination of natural variations in mercury isotope ratios is a rapidly emerging area of research, opening new avenues for studying the fate of mercury in the environment. This chapter ... More


Fractionating the Central Executive

Alan Baddeley

in Principles of Frontal Lobe Function

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780195134971
eISBN:
9780199864157
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195134971.003.0016
Subject:
Neuroscience, Behavioral Neuroscience, Molecular and Cellular Systems

This chapter shows that the frontal lobes play an important role in integrating information from many other areas of the brain, and are crucially involved in its manipulation for purposes such as ... More


Principles of radiotherapy

Peter Hoskin and Wendy Makin

in Oncology for Palliative Medicine

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
November 2011
ISBN:
9780192628114
eISBN:
9780191730115
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780192628114.003.0005
Subject:
Palliative Care, Patient Care and End-of-Life Decision Making, Pain Management and Palliative Pharmacology

This chapter provides an overview of radiotherapy. Radiotherapy is the method of treatment using ionizing radiation. Normally, radiation is in the form of X-rays or gamma rays which, when directed ... More


Stable Isotopes

Matthieu Roy-Barman and Catherine Jeandel

in Marine Geochemistry: Ocean Circulation, Carbon Cycle and Climate Change

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
December 2016
ISBN:
9780198787495
eISBN:
9780191829604
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198787495.003.0003
Subject:
Physics, Geophysics, Atmospheric and Environmental Physics

Stable isotopes provide traceability throughout the ocean. The isotopes of a given chemical element have the same electronic structure and the same chemical behavior but slightly different weights. ... More


Research Needs for Environmental NMR

Mark A. Nanny, Roger A. Minear, and Jerry A. Leenheer (eds)

in Nuclear Magnetic Resonance Spectroscopy in Environment Chemistry

Published in print:
1997
Published Online:
November 2020
ISBN:
9780195097511
eISBN:
9780197560853
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780195097511.003.0025
Subject:
Chemistry, Environmental Chemistry

This chapter is the result of a panel discussion held at the end of the symposium “NMR Spectroscopy in Environmental Science and Technology” that was presented at the ACS National Meeting in ... More


Pictures and Parts: Representation of Form and the Epistemic Strategy of Cell Biology

Karl S. Matlin

in Visions of Cell Biology: Reflections Inspired by Cowdry's "General Cytology"

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
September 2018
ISBN:
9780226520483
eISBN:
9780226520650
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226520650.003.0011
Subject:
Biology, Biochemistry / Molecular Biology

In his introduction to Edmund Cowdry’s General Cytology, published in 1924, E. B. Wilson celebrated the broadening of cytology into a true “cellular biology” through the combination of traditional ... More


2H NMR and Gel Formation of the Ultrafine Solids Fraction Associated with the Athabasca Oil Sands Fine Tails

John A. Ripmeester and L. S. Kotlyar

in Nuclear Magnetic Resonance Spectroscopy in Environment Chemistry

Published in print:
1997
Published Online:
November 2020
ISBN:
9780195097511
eISBN:
9780197560853
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780195097511.003.0017
Subject:
Chemistry, Environmental Chemistry

The two oil sands plants operated by Syncrude Canada Ltd. and Suncor Canada Ltd. near Fort MacMurray, Alberta, use a hot water process for the separation of bitumen from oil sands. In brief, hot ... More


Characterization of Natural Organic Matter by Nuclear Magnetic Resonance Spectroscopy

Jerry A. Leenheer

in Nuclear Magnetic Resonance Spectroscopy in Environment Chemistry

Published in print:
1997
Published Online:
November 2020
ISBN:
9780195097511
eISBN:
9780197560853
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780195097511.003.0019
Subject:
Chemistry, Environmental Chemistry

Natural organic matter (NOM) is a major intermediate in the global carbon, nitrogen, sulfur, and phosphorus cycles. NOM is also the environmental matrix that frequently controls binding, transport, ... More


Selective and Complete Hydrogenation of Vegetable Oils and Free Fatty Acids in Supercritical Fluids

Thomas Tacke, Stefan Wieland, and Peter Panster

in Green Chemistry Using Liquid and Supercritical Carbon Dioxide

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
November 2020
ISBN:
9780195154832
eISBN:
9780197561935
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780195154832.003.0020
Subject:
Chemistry, Environmental Chemistry

As described in other chapters of this book and elsewhere (Jessop, 1999), a wide range of catalytic reactions can be carried out in supercritical fluids, such as Fischer–Tropsch synthesis, ... More


List of Plants

Lara Vanessa Jefferson, Marcello Pennacchio, and Kayri Havens

in Ecology of Plant-Derived Smoke: Its Use in Seed Germination

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
May 2015
ISBN:
9780199755936
eISBN:
9780190267834
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:osobl/9780199755936.003.0002
Subject:
Biology, Ecology

This chapter examines the scientific experimentations aimed at identifying the germination stimulants and compounds present in certain plant forms. It surveys the effects of the different methods, ... More


Isotope Geochemistry

Thomas S. Bianchi

in Biogeochemistry of Estuaries

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
November 2020
ISBN:
9780195160826
eISBN:
9780197562048
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780195160826.003.0015
Subject:
Earth Sciences and Geography, Geochemistry

There is a broad spectrum (approximately 1700) of radioactive isotopes (or radionuclides) that are useful tools for measuring rates of processes on Earth. The term nuclide is commonly used ... More


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