## New Perspectives in Stochastic Geometry

*Wilfrid S. Kendall and Ilya Molchanov (eds)*

- Published in print:
- 2009
- Published Online:
- February 2010
- ISBN:
- 9780199232574
- eISBN:
- 9780191716393
- Item type:
- book

- Publisher:
- Oxford University Press
- DOI:
- 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199232574.001.0001
- Subject:
- Mathematics, Geometry / Topology

Stochastic geometry is a subject with roots stretching back at least 300 years, but one which has only been formed as an academic area in the last 50 years. It covers the study of random patterns, ... More

## Modeling Reality: How Computers Mirror Life

*Iwo Bialynicki-Birula and Iwona Bialynicka-Birula*

- Published in print:
- 2004
- Published Online:
- January 2010
- ISBN:
- 9780198531005
- eISBN:
- 9780191713033
- Item type:
- book

- Publisher:
- Oxford University Press
- DOI:
- 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198531005.001.0001
- Subject:
- Physics, Theoretical, Computational, and Statistical Physics

This book covers a wide range of subjects concerning the use of computer modeling to solve a diverse set of problems. The book covers some advanced topics (cellular automata, Shannon measure of ... More

## Chaos and Nonlinear Dynamics: An Introduction for Scientists and Engineers

*Robert C. Hilborn*

- Published in print:
- 2000
- Published Online:
- January 2010
- ISBN:
- 9780198507239
- eISBN:
- 9780191709340
- Item type:
- book

- Publisher:
- Oxford University Press
- DOI:
- 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198507239.001.0001
- Subject:
- Physics, Theoretical, Computational, and Statistical Physics

This book introduces the full range of activity in the rapidly growing field of nonlinear dynamics. Using a step-by-step introduction to dynamics and geometry in state space as the central focus of ... More

## Brownian Motion: Fluctuations, Dynamics, and Applications

*Robert M. Mazo*

- Published in print:
- 2008
- Published Online:
- January 2010
- ISBN:
- 9780199556441
- eISBN:
- 9780191705625
- Item type:
- book

- Publisher:
- Oxford University Press
- DOI:
- 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199556441.001.0001
- Subject:
- Physics, Condensed Matter Physics / Materials

Brownian motion is the incessant motion of small particles immersed in an ambient medium. It is due to fluctuations in the motion of the medium particles on the molecular scale. The name has been ... More

## Random Fractals

*Peter Mörters*

### in New Perspectives in Stochastic Geometry

- Published in print:
- 2009
- Published Online:
- February 2010
- ISBN:
- 9780199232574
- eISBN:
- 9780191716393
- Item type:
- chapter

- Publisher:
- Oxford University Press
- DOI:
- 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199232574.003.0008
- Subject:
- Mathematics, Geometry / Topology

This chapter expounds the theory of random fractals, using tree representation as a unifying principle. Applications to the fine structure of Brownian motion are discussed.

## From Cantor to Mandelbrot: Self-similarity and fractals

*Iwo Białynicki-Birula and Iwona Białynicka-Birula*

### in Modeling Reality: How Computers Mirror Life

- Published in print:
- 2004
- Published Online:
- January 2010
- ISBN:
- 9780198531005
- eISBN:
- 9780191713033
- Item type:
- chapter

- Publisher:
- Oxford University Press
- DOI:
- 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198531005.003.0008
- Subject:
- Physics, Theoretical, Computational, and Statistical Physics

Objects that look similar after magnification are said to have fractal structure. Perfect fractals can exist only in mathematics but in the real world we have plenty of approximate fractals, from ... More

## Chaos and Fractals: An Elementary Introduction

*David P. Feldman*

- Published in print:
- 2012
- Published Online:
- December 2013
- ISBN:
- 9780199566433
- eISBN:
- 9780191774966
- Item type:
- book

- Publisher:
- Oxford University Press
- DOI:
- 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199566433.001.0001
- Subject:
- Physics, Theoretical, Computational, and Statistical Physics

This book provides an elementary introduction to chaos and fractals. It introduces the key phenomena of chaos — aperiodicity, sensitive dependence on initial conditions, bifurcations — via simple ... More

## Introducing Fractals

*David P. Feldman*

### in Chaos and Fractals: An Elementary Introduction

- Published in print:
- 2012
- Published Online:
- December 2013
- ISBN:
- 9780199566433
- eISBN:
- 9780191774966
- Item type:
- chapter

- Publisher:
- Oxford University Press
- DOI:
- 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199566433.003.0016
- Subject:
- Physics, Theoretical, Computational, and Statistical Physics

This chapter focuses on fractals and the role of iteration in their generation. It first considers three familiar shapes from geometry: a circle, a line segment, and a rectangle. It then describes a ... More

## Celestial Tapestry: The Warp and Weft of Art and Mathematics

*Nicholas Mee*

- Published in print:
- 2020
- Published Online:
- September 2020
- ISBN:
- 9780198851950
- eISBN:
- 9780191886690
- Item type:
- book

- Publisher:
- Oxford University Press
- DOI:
- 10.1093/oso/9780198851950.001.0001
- Subject:
- Physics, History of Physics

Celestial Tapestry places mathematics within a vibrant cultural and historical context, highlighting links to the visual arts and design, and broader areas of artistic creativity. Threads are woven ... More

## Spatial Scale and Species Diversity: Building Species–Area Curves from Species Incidence

*Jack J. Lennon and William Edward Kunin*

### in Biodiversity in Drylands: Toward a Unified Framework

- Published in print:
- 2005
- Published Online:
- November 2020
- ISBN:
- 9780195139853
- eISBN:
- 9780197561720
- Item type:
- chapter

- Publisher:
- Oxford University Press
- DOI:
- 10.1093/oso/9780195139853.003.0011
- Subject:
- Earth Sciences and Geography, Environmental Geography

This chapter is largely focused on the species–area relationship (SAR), although it may not seem so for much of the time. Bear with us; we will get there ... More

## Random walks on percolation structures

*J. Klafter and I.M. Sokolov*

### in First Steps in Random Walks: From Tools to Applications

- Published in print:
- 2011
- Published Online:
- December 2013
- ISBN:
- 9780199234868
- eISBN:
- 9780191775024
- Item type:
- chapter

- Publisher:
- Oxford University Press
- DOI:
- 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199234868.003.0010
- Subject:
- Physics, Soft Matter / Biological Physics

In this chapter another, experimentally widespread, situation is considered. The random walk takes place not on a homogeneous lattice, where each site in principle accessible to the walker, but on a ... More

## Single-species dynamics

*Tim Coulson and H. Charles J. Godfray*

### in Title Pages

- Published in print:
- 2007
- Published Online:
- November 2020
- ISBN:
- 9780199209989
- eISBN:
- 9780191917370
- Item type:
- chapter

- Publisher:
- Oxford University Press
- DOI:
- 10.1093/oso/9780199209989.003.0006
- Subject:
- Environmental Science, Applied Ecology

What determines the densities of the different species of plants, animals, and micro-organisms with which we share the planet, why do their numbers fluctuate and ... More

## Unparticle

*Jonathon Keats*

### in Title Pages

- Published in print:
- 2010
- Published Online:
- November 2020
- ISBN:
- 9780195398540
- eISBN:
- 9780197562826
- Item type:
- chapter

- Publisher:
- Oxford University Press
- DOI:
- 10.1093/oso/9780195398540.003.0007
- Subject:
- Computer Science, Programming Languages

“All science is either physics or stamp collecting.” So claimed Ernest Rutherford, the British physicist who discovered the atomic nucleus in 1910, touting ... More

## Computer Graphics Modeling for Virtual Environments

*Mark Green and Hanqiu Sun*

### in Title Pages

- Published in print:
- 1995
- Published Online:
- November 2020
- ISBN:
- 9780195075557
- eISBN:
- 9780197560310
- Item type:
- chapter

- Publisher:
- Oxford University Press
- DOI:
- 10.1093/oso/9780195075557.003.0010
- Subject:
- Computer Science, Human-Computer Interaction

Modelling is currently one of the most important areas in virtual environments research (Bishop et al., 1992). Of all the software areas, this is the area ... More

## Hierarchies, Complex Fractal Dimensions, and Log-Periodicity

*Didier Sornette*

### in Why Stock Markets Crash: Critical Events in Complex Financial Systems

- Published in print:
- 2017
- Published Online:
- May 2018
- ISBN:
- 9780691175959
- eISBN:
- 9781400885091
- Item type:
- chapter

- Publisher:
- Princeton University Press
- DOI:
- 10.23943/princeton/9780691175959.003.0006
- Subject:
- Business and Management, Finance, Accounting, and Banking

This chapter describes the concept of fractals and their self-similarity, including fractals with complex dimensions. It shows how these geometric and mathematical objects enable one to codify the ... More

## The geometry of a single fracture

*Pierre M. Adler, Jean-François Thovert, and Valeri V. Mourzenko*

### in Fractured Porous Media

- Published in print:
- 2012
- Published Online:
- January 2013
- ISBN:
- 9780199666515
- eISBN:
- 9780191748639
- Item type:
- chapter

- Publisher:
- Oxford University Press
- DOI:
- 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199666515.003.0002
- Subject:
- Physics, Condensed Matter Physics / Materials

This chapter addresses the geometry of a single fracture with a double objective which is to characterize it and to reproduce it. The geometrical quantities which characterize the structure of a ... More

## Painting By Numbers

*Nicholas Mee*

### in Celestial Tapestry: The Warp and Weft of Art and Mathematics

- Published in print:
- 2020
- Published Online:
- September 2020
- ISBN:
- 9780198851950
- eISBN:
- 9780191886690
- Item type:
- chapter

- Publisher:
- Oxford University Press
- DOI:
- 10.1093/oso/9780198851950.003.0025
- Subject:
- Physics, History of Physics

Fractals have a property of self-similarity. They are similar to themselves in different regions, and similar to themselves on different length scales, so an enlargement of part of a fractal looks ... More

## Extreme Outcomes, Connectivity, and Power Laws: Towards an Econophysics of Organization

*Max Boisot and Bill McKelvey*

### in Knowledge, Organization, and Management: Building on the Work of Max Boisot

- Published in print:
- 2013
- Published Online:
- September 2013
- ISBN:
- 9780199669165
- eISBN:
- 9780191749346
- Item type:
- chapter

- Publisher:
- Oxford University Press
- DOI:
- 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199669165.003.0004
- Subject:
- Business and Management, Organization Studies, Knowledge Management

Organization science to study extremes more rigorously. For a new perspective, we turn to an emerging new physics expressly aimed at dealing with complexity dynamics, Econophysics. It incorporates ... More

## Opening Remarks

*David P. Feldman*

### in Chaos and Fractals: An Elementary Introduction

- Published in print:
- 2012
- Published Online:
- December 2013
- ISBN:
- 9780199566433
- eISBN:
- 9780191774966
- Item type:
- chapter

- Publisher:
- Oxford University Press
- DOI:
- 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199566433.003.0001
- Subject:
- Physics, Theoretical, Computational, and Statistical Physics

This chapter starts by introducing the terms ‘chaos’ and ‘fractal’ and talks briefly about their history. Since the 1970s, these two concepts — chaos and fractals — have become an important element ... More

## Dimensions

*David P. Feldman*

### in Chaos and Fractals: An Elementary Introduction

- Published in print:
- 2012
- Published Online:
- December 2013
- ISBN:
- 9780199566433
- eISBN:
- 9780191774966
- Item type:
- chapter

- Publisher:
- Oxford University Press
- DOI:
- 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199566433.003.0017
- Subject:
- Physics, Theoretical, Computational, and Statistical Physics

This chapter explains how to characterise fractals by means of the dimension. It defines dimension in terms of the scaling properties of a shape in order to describe fractals quantitatively. The ... More