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Introduction

Nigel Daw

in How Vision Works: The Physiological Mechanisms Behind What We See

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780199751617
eISBN:
9780199932375
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199751617.003.0001
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Neuroscience, Cognitive Psychology

The human visual system consists of a system for inspecting objects, starting with the fovea in the retina, and a system for noticing which objects should be inspected, and directing the eyes to look ... More


BACKGROUND TO ACTIVE VISION

John M. Findlay

in Active Vision: The Psychology of Looking and Seeing

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
January 2008
ISBN:
9780198524793
eISBN:
9780191711817
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198524793.003.0002
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology

This chapter reviews the features of the visual and oculomotor systems that are particularly important for understanding active vision. First, the chapter describes the inhomogeneity of the visual ... More


Circuits of Visual Attention

Tirin Moore, Robert J. Schafer, and Behrad Noudoost

in Primate Neuroethology

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
February 2010
ISBN:
9780195326598
eISBN:
9780199864904
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195326598.003.0012
Subject:
Psychology, Neuropsychology, Evolutionary Psychology

Primate vision is severely constrained by the fact that fine details in a visual scene can only be resolved by the fovea, where acuity is greatest. This tiny portion of each retina, which amounts to ... More


Orienting gaze: a brief survey

Andre Roucoux and Marc Crommelinck

in Multisensory Control of Movement

Published in print:
1993
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780198547853
eISBN:
9780191724268
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198547853.003.0076
Subject:
Neuroscience, Sensory and Motor Systems

This chapter undertakes a survey studying the orienting gaze and the various mechanisms that secure gaze orientation. Animal species can be divided into two broad oculomotor categories depending on ... More


Neural Processes between Visual Sign Stimuli and Head Movements in Toads

Jörg-peter Ewert, Evelyn Schürg-pfeiffer, and Wolfgang Will iSchwippert

in The Head-Neck Sensory Motor System

Published in print:
1992
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780195068207
eISBN:
9780199847198
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195068207.003.0009
Subject:
Neuroscience, Sensory and Motor Systems

Considering the neural visuomotor processes obtained by behaviorally relevant sign stimuli, it was realized that investigations in mammals are very intricate. In mammals, the retina is functionally ... More


Eye alignment and convergence in young infants

Louise Hainline and Patricia M. Riddell

in Infant Vision

Published in print:
1996
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780198523161
eISBN:
9780191724558
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198523161.003.0015
Subject:
Neuroscience, Sensory and Motor Systems

The presence of a fovea, a region with higher spatial resolution than the rest of the retina, coincides in vertebrate evolution with the emergence of several visual characteristics. Migration of the ... More


Identifying compound words in reading: An overview and a model

Jukka Hyönä, Raymond Bertram, and Alexander Pollatsek

in Cognitive Processes in Eye Guidance

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780198566816
eISBN:
9780191693618
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198566816.003.0004
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology

This chapter summarises eye movement studies on reading Finnish compound words in sentential context. Two advantages of using Finnish are that compounding is productive, meaning that there are a lot ... More


Vision

Graham R. Martin

in The Sensory Ecology of Birds

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
May 2017
ISBN:
9780199694532
eISBN:
9780191839979
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780199694532.003.0002
Subject:
Biology, Ornithology, Animal Biology

Vision is the primary source of information about the environments in which birds live. But vision is not ‘all-seeing’; it is subject to many constraints, trade-offs, and compromises. Furthermore, ... More


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