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Physical Realization

Sydney Shoemaker

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780199214396
eISBN:
9780191706738
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199214396.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

This book addresses the question of how mental properties and other properties not thought of as physical can be instantiated in a world of which physicalism is true. In such a world, the ... More


Persistence and Spacetime

Yuri Balashov

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
September 2010
ISBN:
9780199579921
eISBN:
9780191722899
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199579921.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology, Philosophy of Science

Material objects persist through time and survive change. How do they manage to do so? What are the underlying facts of persistence? Do objects persist by being ”wholly present” at all moments of ... More


Four-Dimensionalism: An Ontology of Persistence and Time

Theodore Sider

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780199244430
eISBN:
9780191598425
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/019924443X.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

According to ‘four‐dimensionalism’, temporally extended things are composed of temporal parts. Most four‐dimensionalists identify ordinary continuants—the persisting objects ordinary language ... More


Three‐Dimensionalism and Four‐Dimensionalism

Thomas Sattig

in The Language and Reality of Time

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2006
ISBN:
9780199279524
eISBN:
9780191604041
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199279527.003.0003
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Science

Part of the problem of temporal supervenience is the problem of spatiotemporal location: how are objects located in spacetime? This chapter provides a detailed statement of various answers to this ... More


Four‐Dimensionalist Supervenience

Thomas Sattig

in The Language and Reality of Time

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2006
ISBN:
9780199279524
eISBN:
9780191604041
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199279527.003.0005
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Science

This chapter presents a new account of temporal predication — the representational account — combined with four-dimensionalism to yield the temporal-parts account of temporal supervenience. This ... More


Three‐Dimensionalist Supervenience

Thomas Sattig

in The Language and Reality of Time

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2006
ISBN:
9780199279524
eISBN:
9780191604041
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199279527.003.0006
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Science

This chapter develops a three-dimensionalist account of temporal supervenience — the temporal-regions account — and argues that the latter shares the main virtues and avoids the main drawbacks of its ... More


Temporal Parts

Eric T. Olson

in What Are We?: A Study in Personal Ontology

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780195176421
eISBN:
9780199872008
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195176421.003.0005
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind

This chapter examines David Lewis's view that we are temporal parts of animals. It examines three arguments for the view that persisting things have temporal parts–four‐dimensionalism. One is that it ... More


Metaphysical Applications

Sydney Shoemaker

in Physical Realization

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780199214396
eISBN:
9780191706738
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199214396.003.0005
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

This chapter argues that there can be coincident entities, numerically different things, having different persistence conditions, that are composed of exactly the same micro-entities. This means that ... More


Foreknowledge, Freedom, and Eternity: Part II Anselm's Solution

Katherin A. Rogers

in Anselm on Freedom

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
September 2008
ISBN:
9780199231676
eISBN:
9780191716089
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199231676.003.0010
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Religion, General

Anselm grants that divine foreknowledge does introduce a sort of necessity regarding a future free choice, but it is a ‘consequent’ necessity, which follows from the choice actually being made by the ... More


Ordinary Objects as Mereological Sums

Kathrin Koslicki

in The Structure of Objects

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
September 2008
ISBN:
9780199539895
eISBN:
9780191716300
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199539895.003.0003
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology, Ancient Philosophy

The thesis that ordinary material objects are mereological sums in the standard sense has been remarkably popular among three-dimensionalists and four-dimensionalists alike. This chapter considers ... More


Persisting Objects in Classical Spacetime

Yuri Balashov

in Persistence and Spacetime

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
September 2010
ISBN:
9780199579921
eISBN:
9780191722899
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199579921.003.0004
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology, Philosophy of Science

The generic framework of Chapter 2 is used to formulate the rival views of persistence in classical (Galilean) spacetime, followed by a brief analysis of available regional modification schemes and a ... More


Recombination, Causal Constraints, and Humean Supervenience: An Argument for Temporal Parts?

John Hawthorne

in Metaphysical Essays

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2010
ISBN:
9780199291236
eISBN:
9780191710612
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199291236.003.0004
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

According to the doctrine of four-dimensionalism, our world and everything in it consists of stages or temporal parts; moreover, where an object exists at various times, it does so, according to the ... More


The Four-Dimensional World

André Gallois

in Occasions of Identity: A Study in the Metaphysics of Persistence, Change, and Sameness

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780199261833
eISBN:
9780191698798
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199261833.003.0011
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

This chapter discusses the four dimensionalism view of identity. This view proposes that persisting objects are extended in time in a way that is similar to the way they are extended in space. It has ... More


Alternatives

Eric T. Olson

in The Human Animal: Personal Identity Without Psychology

Published in print:
1999
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780195134230
eISBN:
9780199833528
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195134230.003.0008
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind

Discusses three claims that have been assumed in previous chapters: that we exist; that there is such a thing as absolute numerical identity; and that we are not composed of temporal parts. One could ... More


The Four‐Dimensional Picture

Theodore Sider

in Four-Dimensionalism: An Ontology of Persistence and Time

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780199244430
eISBN:
9780191598425
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/019924443X.003.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

Four‐dimensionalism may be made vivid by pictures: an object with temporal parts persisting through time is like a road with spatial parts extending across space. The attraction of this picture ... More


Three‐ and Four‐Dimensionalism Stated

Theodore Sider

in Four-Dimensionalism: An Ontology of Persistence and Time

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780199244430
eISBN:
9780191598425
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/019924443X.003.0003
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

Four‐dimensionalism may be given a rigorous and canonical formulation acceptable to both its supporters and opponents; meaningful debate as to the truth of this thesis may then proceed. This is more ... More


In Favor of Four‐Dimensionalism Part 1

Theodore Sider

in Four-Dimensionalism: An Ontology of Persistence and Time

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780199244430
eISBN:
9780191598425
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/019924443X.003.0004
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

Some traditional arguments for four‐dimensionalism are weak: denying four‐dimensionalism does not prohibit the application of modern logic to natural language, does not imply the A‐theory of time and ... More


In Favor of Four‐Dimensionalism, Part 2: The Best Unified Theory of the Paradoxes of Coincidence

Theodore Sider

in Four-Dimensionalism: An Ontology of Persistence and Time

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780199244430
eISBN:
9780191598425
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/019924443X.003.0005
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

We need a general solution to a cluster of related paradoxes in which numerically distinct material objects appear to share exactly the same parts. Those paradoxes include the statue and the lump of ... More


Entia Successiva

Robert Pasnau

in Metaphysical Themes 1274–1671

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
May 2011
ISBN:
9780199567911
eISBN:
9780191725449
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199567911.003.0018
Subject:
Philosophy, History of Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

This chapter analyzes the scholastic distinction between permanent and successive entities. Permanent entities in some sense exist all at once, whenever they exist, whereas successive entities exist ... More


Comments on Theodore Sider’s Four Dimensionalism

Eli Hirsch

in Quantifier Variance and Realism: Essays in Metaontology

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
May 2015
ISBN:
9780199732111
eISBN:
9780190267506
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:osobl/9780199732111.003.0007
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

This chapter refutes Theodore Sider's arguments on anti-commonsensical ontology in his book, Four Dimensionalism. Sider's defense consists of temporal parts and unrestricted mereological ... More


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