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Empiricism, Perceptual Knowledge, Normativity, and Realism: Essays on Wilfrid Sellars

Willem A. deVries (ed.)

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
February 2010
ISBN:
9780199573301
eISBN:
9780191722172
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199573301.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind, Metaphysics/Epistemology

These chapters in this book were written to celebrate the 50th anniversary of Wilfrid Sellars's essay ‘Empiricism and the Philosophy of Mind’, a landmark of 20th-century philosophy. Ranging widely ... More


The Architecture of Theology: Structure, System, and Ratio

A. N. Williams

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
September 2011
ISBN:
9780199236367
eISBN:
9780191728556
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199236367.001.0001
Subject:
Religion, Theology

This work proposes a new reading of Christian theology. Examining theological warrants, philosophical debates over the structures of arguments, and the role of beauty in intellectual structures, it ... More


The Nature of Political Theory

Andrew Vincent

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
April 2004
ISBN:
9780199271252
eISBN:
9780191601101
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199271259.001.0001
Subject:
Political Science, Political Theory

This is a controversial book that challenges established views of contemporary political theory. It offers a synoptic, critical, and comparative analysis of the widely different accounts of how the ... More


Our Knowledge of the Internal World

Robert C. Stalnaker

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780199545995
eISBN:
9780191719929
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199545995.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind, Metaphysics/Epistemology

On the traditional Cartesian picture, knowledge of one's own current inner experience is the unproblematic foundation for all knowledge. The philosophical problem is to explain how we move beyond ... More


Foundations without Foundationalism: A Case for Second-Order Logic

Stewart Shapiro

Published in print:
2000
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198250296
eISBN:
9780191598388
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198250290.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Logic/Philosophy of Mathematics

A language is second‐order, or higher‐order, if it has bound variables that range over properties or sets of the items in the range of the ordinary, first‐order variables. This book presents a formal ... More


Warrant: The Current Debate

Alvin Plantinga

Published in print:
1993
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780195078626
eISBN:
9780199833559
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195078624.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

In this book and in its sequels, Warrant and Proper Function and Warranted Christian Belief, I examine the nature of epistemic warrant, that quantity, enough of which distinguishes knowledge from ... More


Warrant and Proper Function

Alvin Plantinga

Published in print:
1993
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780195078640
eISBN:
9780199872213
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195078640.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

In this book and in its companion volumes, Warrant: The Current Debate and Warranted Christian Belief, I examine the nature of epistemic warrant, that quantity enough of which distinguishes knowledge ... More


Pyrrhonian Reflections on Knowledge and Justification

Robert J. Fogelin

Published in print:
1994
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780195089875
eISBN:
9780199833238
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195089871.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

This work addresses the following question: What would be the consequence of allowing a representative of ancient Pyrrhonian scepticism to become a party to contemporary debates in theory of ... More


Political Analysis in a World Without Foundations

Bobby Sayyid and Lilian Zac

in Research Strategies in the Social Sciences: A Guide to New Approaches

Published in print:
1998
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198292371
eISBN:
9780191600159
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198292376.003.0011
Subject:
Political Science, Reference

Introducing central conceptual themes employed in discourse analysis, another challenge to the positivist assumptions underlying conventional social science. The concepts covered are ... More


Epistemic Circularity

Michael Bergmann

in Justification without Awareness: A Defense of Epistemic Externalism

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2006
ISBN:
9780199275748
eISBN:
9780191603907
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199275742.003.0007
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

One prominent objection to externalism is that it commits its adherents to approving of epistemic circularity. This chapter explains and then responds to this objection by giving two arguments for ... More


Theology in Search of Foundations

Randal Rauser

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
February 2010
ISBN:
9780199214600
eISBN:
9780191706509
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199214600.001.0001
Subject:
Religion, Theology

The justification of theology within the public square remains a matter of pressing concern. After the dissolution of Christendom, a number of Christian philosophers sought to justify theology ... More


Questions about Rationality

Martin Kusch

in Knowledge by Agreement: The Programme of Communitarian Epistemology

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
January 2005
ISBN:
9780199251223
eISBN:
9780191601767
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199251223.003.0008
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

Introduces the key question for the discussion of Ch. 7–11: Why is it that the dichotomy ‘rational versus irrational’ can be applied to empirical beliefs? It uses this question in order to develop a ... More


The Agrippan Argument and Two Forms of Skepticism

Michael Williams

in Pyrrhonian Skepticism

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
May 2006
ISBN:
9780195169720
eISBN:
9780199786343
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195169727.003.0007
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

This essay argues that the Pyrrhonian regress argument presupposes a Prior Grounding conception of justification. This is contrasted with a Default and Challenge structure, which leads to a ... More


Two False Dichotomies: Foundationalism/Coherentism and Internalism/Externalism

Ernest Sosa

in Pyrrhonian Skepticism

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
May 2006
ISBN:
9780195169720
eISBN:
9780199786343
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195169727.003.0008
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

This essay lays out the rationale for two principles — ascent and closure — and shows how they imply further principles of exclusion and of the criterion. These principles lead to the “Pyrrhonian ... More


Anti-foundationalism

Mark Bevir and R. A. W. Rhodes

in The State as Cultural Practice

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
May 2010
ISBN:
9780199580750
eISBN:
9780191723179
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199580750.003.0003
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics, Political Theory

This chapter explores what many observers suggest are the leading present-day forms of interpretive social science: postmodern theories of discourse. First, we challenge the belief these approaches ... More


The Epistemological Spectrum: At the Interface of Cognitive Science and Conceptual Analysis

David K. Henderson and Terence Horgan

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
September 2011
ISBN:
9780199608546
eISBN:
9780191729584
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199608546.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

This book argues for several dramatic breaks with the epistemological tradition, while also arguing for significant continuity with epistemology as it has come to be practiced. At important ... More


Are Perceptual Beliefs Properly Foundational?

Laurence BonJour

in Rationality and the Good: Critical Essays on the Ethics and Epistemology of Robert Audi

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780195311952
eISBN:
9780199871070
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195311952.003.0008
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

This chapter addresses the question of whether perceptual beliefs can have a foundational status in epistemology. It argues that, although Audi's defense of the foundational status of perceptual ... More


The Problem of the Criterion

Ernest Sosa

in A Virtue Epistemology: Apt Belief and Reflective Knowledge, Volume I

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780199297023
eISBN:
9780191711411
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199297023.003.0006
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

This chapter confronts the Pyrrhonian problematic based on the fearsome circle/regress/foundations trilemma using the animal/reflective epistemology developed in earlier chapters. It is argued that ... More


The Independent Moral Significance of Wrongdoing

Michael Moore

in Placing Blame: A Theory of the Criminal Law

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
September 2010
ISBN:
9780199599493
eISBN:
9780191594649
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199599493.003.0005
Subject:
Law, Philosophy of Law, Criminal Law and Criminology

A fundamental division within the theory of responsibility is between those who think that causation of a harm attempted or culpably risks increases blameworthiness, and those who think it does not. ... More


Post-Foundational Political Thought: Political Difference in Nancy, Lefort, Badiou and Laclau

Oliver Marchart

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780748624973
eISBN:
9780748672066
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Edinburgh University Press
DOI:
10.3366/edinburgh/9780748624973.001.0001
Subject:
Political Science, Political Theory

This book, a wide-ranging overview of the emergence of post-foundationalism and a survey of the work of its key contemporary exponents, presents the first systematic coverage of the conceptual ... More


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