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Formal Models in Narrative Analysis

David Herman

Apostolos Doxiadis and Barry Mazur (eds)

in Circles Disturbed: The Interplay of Mathematics and Narrative

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691149042
eISBN:
9781400842681
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691149042.003.0013
Subject:
Mathematics, History of Mathematics

This chapter considers formal models of narrative and the nature of the theory of narrative. After discussing the diachronic and synchronic approaches to investigating the role of formal models in ... More


Mechanisms of Cortical Development

David Price and David Willshaw

Published in print:
2000
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780192624277
eISBN:
9780191723735
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780192624277.001.0001
Subject:
Neuroscience, Development

This is the first book that attempts to bring together what is known about the fundamental mechanisms that underlie the development of the cerebral cortex in mammals. Ranging from the emergence of ... More


Autocatalysis in Chemistry and the Origin of Life

John F. Padgett

in The Emergence of Organizations and Markets

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691148670
eISBN:
9781400845552
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691148670.003.0002
Subject:
Sociology, Economic Sociology

This chapter provides an extensive review of the biochemistry literature on the origins of life where the concept of autocatalysis figures most prominently. There is a lively debate in the scientific ... More


Financial Asset Pricing Theory

Claus Munk

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
May 2013
ISBN:
9780199585496
eISBN:
9780191751790
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199585496.001.0001
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Econometrics

“Financial Asset Pricing Theory” offers a comprehensive overview of the classic and the current research in theoretical asset pricing. Asset pricing is developed around the concept of a state-price ... More


Introduction

David J. Price and David J. Willshaw

in Mechanisms of Cortical Development

Published in print:
2000
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780192624277
eISBN:
9780191723735
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780192624277.003.0001
Subject:
Neuroscience, Development

Life on Earth began several billion years ago. The cerebral cortex of mammals probably arose from the primordial cortex of amphibians and reptiles some 300 million years ago. The evolution of the ... More


Model Thinking and Formal Modeling to Improve Our Mental Models in Population Health Research

Michael K. Lemke

in Complex Systems and Population Health

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
July 2020
ISBN:
9780190880743
eISBN:
9780190880774
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190880743.003.0008
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

When encountering complex systems, the human mind applies various heuristics, and from these heuristics, mental models—how people understand phenomena in the real world—emerge, which shape their ... More


Molecular regulation of early forebrain and cortical development

David J. Price and David J. Willshaw

in Mechanisms of Cortical Development

Published in print:
2000
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780192624277
eISBN:
9780191723735
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780192624277.003.0003
Subject:
Neuroscience, Development

Over the past few decades, higher mammals with larger and more advanced brains, such as cats and primates, have been studied by many scientists interested in the development of the cerebral cortex. ... More


Formal Models

Erik D. Reichle

in Computational Models of Reading: A Handbook

Published in print:
2021
Published Online:
February 2021
ISBN:
9780195370669
eISBN:
9780190853822
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780195370669.003.0002
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Models and Architectures

This chapter introduces formal models of cognition and explains how they are similar to verbal theories but use computer programs and mathematics to avoid the many limitations of human reasoning, ... More


The Theory of Moral Hazard and Unobservable Behaviour: Part I

James A. Mirrlees

in Welfare, Incentives, and Taxation

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198295211
eISBN:
9780191685095
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198295211.003.0020
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Public and Welfare, Development, Growth, and Environmental

This chapter discusses the different formal models of moral hazard, which include that of Zeckhauser and Mirrlees. It includes an argument that relies on first-order conditions which can help in ... More


The time course of perceptual categorization

Thomas J. Palmeri

in Similarity and Categorization

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780198506287
eISBN:
9780191686962
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198506287.003.0011
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology

Perceptual categorization is a fundamental aspect of human cognition. Any time we decide that some visually presented object is a dog rather than a cat, a bottle rather than a jar, or a tree rather ... More


Man Is by Nature a Political Animal: Evolution, Biology, and Politics

Peter K. Hatemi and Rose McDermott (eds)

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
September 2013
ISBN:
9780226319094
eISBN:
9780226319117
Item type:
book
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226319117.001.0001
Subject:
Political Science, Political Theory

This book brings together a diverse group of contributors to examine the ways in which evolutionary theory and biological research are increasingly informing analyses of political behavior. Focusing ... More


Bayesian Philosophy of Science

Jan Sprenger and Stephan Hartmann

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
October 2019
ISBN:
9780199672110
eISBN:
9780191881671
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780199672110.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Science

“Bayesian Philosophy of Science” addresses classical topics in philosophy of science, using a single key concept—degrees of beliefs—in order to explain and to elucidate manifold aspects of scientific ... More


Torture’s Confession

John W. Schiemann

in Does Torture Work?

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
November 2015
ISBN:
9780190262365
eISBN:
9780190262396
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780190262365.003.0013
Subject:
Political Science, American Politics, Political Theory

Having established that interrogational torture fails, this chapter discusses some of the policy implications of that failure. It also draws on the implications, trade-offs, and paradoxes identified ... More


Maximizing Utility vis-à-vis Developing Countries

Sarah Blodgett Bermeo

in Targeted Development: Industrialized Country Strategy in a Globalizing World

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
June 2018
ISBN:
9780190851828
eISBN:
9780190869083
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190851828.003.0003
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics, International Relations and Politics

This chapter develops a formal model of targeted development. It starts from the assumption that governments in industrialized states seek to maximize their own utility in interactions with ... More


The Software Process

Bruce I. Blum

in Beyond Programming: To A New Era of Design

Published in print:
1996
Published Online:
November 2020
ISBN:
9780195091601
eISBN:
9780197560662
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780195091601.003.0016
Subject:
Computer Science, Software Engineering

Now that the foundation has been laid, I can turn to the principal concern of this book: software design. I use the word design in its most expansive ... More


Diversity, Rationality, and the Division of Cognitive Labor

Ryan Muldoon

in Scientific Collaboration and Collective Knowledge: New Essays

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
December 2017
ISBN:
9780190680534
eISBN:
9780190680565
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190680534.003.0004
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Science, Metaphysics/Epistemology

Existing models of the division of cognitive labor in science assume that scientists have a particular problem they want to solve and can choose between different approaches to solving the problem. ... More


To Thine Own Selves Be True-ish: Shakespeare’s as Formal Model

Joshua Landy

in Shakespeare's Hamlet: Philosophical Perspectives

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
December 2017
ISBN:
9780190698515
eISBN:
9780190698553
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190698515.003.0007
Subject:
Philosophy, History of Philosophy

This chapter presents the core challenge before Hamlet as that of achieving authenticity in the face of inner multiplicity. Authenticity—which this chapter will take to mean (1) acting on the (2) ... More


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