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Preliminary Study of Aristotle's Causes

Monte Ransome Johnson

in Aristotle on Teleology

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
February 2006
ISBN:
9780199285303
eISBN:
9780191603143
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199285306.003.0003
Subject:
Philosophy, Ancient Philosophy

Aristotle considers nature, art, spontaneity, luck, necessity, and intelligence to be causes, and they fit into the four kinds of cause that he distinguishes throughout works on natural philosophy. ... More


The Priority of the Objects over the Capacities of the Soul

Thomas Kjeller Johansen

in The Powers of Aristotle's Soul

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
January 2013
ISBN:
9780199658435
eISBN:
9780191742231
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199658435.003.0006
Subject:
Philosophy, Ancient Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind

Aristotle says in DA II.4 that the objects are prior in account not only to the capacities of the soul but also to their activities. As the case of nutrition shows, this claim is best understood if ... More


Essence and End in Aristotle

Jacob Rosen

in Oxford Studies in Ancient Philosophy, Volume 46

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
August 2016
ISBN:
9780198712923
eISBN:
9780191809767
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198712923.003.0003
Subject:
Philosophy, Ancient Philosophy

This chapter attempts to clarify Aristotle’s claims that a thing’s formal cause is often one with, or the same as, its final cause. This claim has confused scholarly understanding regarding the ... More


The Importance of Nutrition

Thomas Kjeller Johansen

in The Powers of Aristotle's Soul

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
January 2013
ISBN:
9780199658435
eISBN:
9780191742231
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199658435.003.0007
Subject:
Philosophy, Ancient Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind

Nutrition plays a fundamental role in Aristotle's psychology, but not, as is sometimes thought, because it provides the focal or generic notion of life. Rather the nutritive capacity is a ... More


Formal Causes: Definition, Explanation, and Primacy in Socratic and Aristotelian Thought

Michael T. Ferejohn

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
January 2014
ISBN:
9780199695300
eISBN:
9780191760976
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199695300.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

The principal historical thesis of this study is that Aristotle's praise of the historical Socrates for “being the first to pursue universal definitions” is explainable in part by his own attraction ... More


The Next Principle’ The Next Principle’ Metaphysics A 3–4, 984b8–985b22

Gâbor Betegh

in Aristotle's Metaphysics Alpha: Symposium Aristotelicum

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
January 2013
ISBN:
9780199639984
eISBN:
9780191743337
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199639984.003.0004
Subject:
Philosophy, Ancient Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

This chapter examines the way Aristotle describes in A 3–4 (984b8–985a29) the reasons and motivations, which, on his interpretation, lead his predecessors to introduce a new type of principle that ... More


Right Reason in Natural Law Moral Theory: Thomas Aquinas and William of Ockham

Anthony J. Lisska

in Reason, Religion, and Natural Law: From Plato to Spinoza

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
January 2013
ISBN:
9780199767175
eISBN:
9780199979592
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199767175.003.0006
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Religion

Recent scholarship argues that William of Ockham was not the radical voluntarist that historians of philosophy sometimes claimed. This “revisionist” account depends upon a reading of “recta ratio”. ... More


Medieval Criticism

Gary Day

in Literary Criticism: A New History

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780748615636
eISBN:
9780748652099
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Edinburgh University Press
DOI:
10.3366/edinburgh/9780748615636.003.0003
Subject:
Literature, Criticism/Theory

The phrase medieval criticism is used throughout this chapter, as it less cumbersome than ‘criticism of the Middle Ages’. The chapter first presents a brief account of the principles of grammatica ... More


Fourth Class (P. 7): On Existence and Its Causes

Shams Inati

in Ibn Sina's Remarks and Admonitions: Physics and Metaphysics: An Analysis and Annotated Translation

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
November 2015
ISBN:
9780231166164
eISBN:
9780231537421
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Columbia University Press
DOI:
10.7312/columbia/9780231166164.003.0007
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

In this Class, Ibn Sina discusses existence and its causes. Ibn Sina argues that there is an uncaused being that causes the existence of all other things. He first asserts that existence in an ... More


Non-Canonical Forms of Aristotelian Demonstration

Michael T. Ferejohn

in Formal Causes: Definition, Explanation, and Primacy in Socratic and Aristotelian Thought

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
January 2014
ISBN:
9780199695300
eISBN:
9780191760976
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199695300.003.0006
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

This chapter is concerned with two sorts of Aristotelian demonstration that do not conform to the canonical model discussed in Chapter 4. In the first section it is argued that in the case of one of ... More


The Natural World

Jan Opsomer

in All From One: A Guide to Proclus

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
January 2017
ISBN:
9780199640331
eISBN:
9780191830129
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199640331.003.0007
Subject:
Classical Studies, Ancient Greek, Roman, and Early Christian Philosophy

In recent years, it has become clear that Proclus has an elaborate metaphysics, not only of the higher realm, but also of the natural world. This chapter first delimits its topic by explaining what ... More


Emergence, Downward Causation, and No Brute Facts in Biological Systems

Argyris Arnellos and Charbel El-Hani

in Brute Facts

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
November 2018
ISBN:
9780198758600
eISBN:
9780191818523
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198758600.003.0014
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology, Philosophy of Science

This chapter explains emergence in biological organizations through a conception of ontological emergence according to which certain types of dynamical organizations possess irreducible properties ... More


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