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Conservation of Tropical Forests: Addressing Market Failure

López Ramón and Michael A. Toman

in Economic Development and Environmental Sustainability: New Policy Options

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2006
ISBN:
9780199298006
eISBN:
9780191603877
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199298009.003.0014
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Development, Growth, and Environmental

Tropical forest conservation and sustainable natural forest management both imply benefits and invoke considerable costs. The spatial and temporal mismatch of such benefits (which might not ... More


Towards effective forest conservation

Adrian C. Newton

in Forest Ecology and Conservation: A Handbook of Techniques

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780198567448
eISBN:
9780191717895
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198567448.003.0008
Subject:
Biology, Plant Sciences and Forestry

This chapter provides a brief overview of some techniques that can contribute to more effective forest conservation. Methods are also presented that can help ensure that management decisions are ... More


Evolution and Consequences of Community Forest Management in the Hill Region of Nepal

Keijiro Otsuka and Towa Tachibana

in Communities and Markets in Economic Development

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
August 2004
ISBN:
9780199241019
eISBN:
9780191601217
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199241015.003.0011
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Development, Growth, and Environmental, South and East Asia

This chapter analyses the feasibility and effectiveness of forest resource management under the community management system, based on a case study of community forests in Nepal. The factors affecting ... More


Introduction

Adrian C. Newton

in Forest Ecology and Conservation: A Handbook of Techniques

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780198567448
eISBN:
9780191717895
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198567448.003.0001
Subject:
Biology, Plant Sciences and Forestry

This introductory chapter focuses on the application of ecological techniques in forest conservation and management. It presents a brief overview of recent developments in international forest ... More


Forest Ecology and Conservation: A Handbook of Techniques

Adrian Newton

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780198567448
eISBN:
9780191717895
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198567448.001.0001
Subject:
Biology, Plant Sciences and Forestry

Forest conservation has become one of the most important environmental issues currently facing humanity, as a result of widespread deforestation and forest degradation. Pressures on remaining natural ... More


A Tale of Three Villages: Practised Forestry in India

Rucha Ghate

in Promise, Trust and Evolution: Managing the Commons of South Asia

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
May 2008
ISBN:
9780199213832
eISBN:
9780191707438
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199213832.003.0006
Subject:
Economics and Finance, South and East Asia

Forest management in India has become accommodative since the forest policy of 1988. Presently, three types of ‘collective action’ based institutions can be found: self-initiated, NGO-promoted, and ... More


Forestry on Private Lands from the Medieval to the Modern Era

Anthony Scott

in The Evolution of Resource Property Rights

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
May 2008
ISBN:
9780198286035
eISBN:
9780191718410
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198286035.003.0012
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Development, Growth, and Environmental

Some Norman forests were directly controlled by the landlord, and some were a part of the shared manorial common lands. The latter were held and used for timber or pasture by the tenants and ... More


Is the State Passé? Competing Domains in Forestry in Orissa

Arabinda Mishra

in Promise, Trust and Evolution: Managing the Commons of South Asia

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
May 2008
ISBN:
9780199213832
eISBN:
9780191707438
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199213832.003.0015
Subject:
Economics and Finance, South and East Asia

The chapter looks at different dimensions of policy failure relating to forest management in the Indian state of Orissa, where village communities have countered the government's devolution-based ... More


Regional Forest: Institutions and Organizations

Arupjyoti Saikia

in Forests and Ecological History of Assam, 1826–2000

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780198069539
eISBN:
9780199081240
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198069539.003.0004
Subject:
History, Indian History

The responsibility of governance and control over forests was organized through institutions and a legal framework that emerged after the conservation was put in place. In Assam, a provincial Forest ... More


Science in the Forests: Rethinking Conservation

Arupjyoti Saikia

in Forests and Ecological History of Assam, 1826–2000

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780198069539
eISBN:
9780199081240
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198069539.003.0006
Subject:
History, Indian History

This chapter examines how in the urge for scientific forestry, the foresters in Assam took recourse to the local experiences. It also discusses how both scientific management and commercialization of ... More


Village Forests in India

Roger D. Stone

in Tropical Forests and the Human Spirit: Journeys to the Brink of Hope

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780520217997
eISBN:
9780520936072
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520217997.003.0005
Subject:
Anthropology, Anthropology, Global

This chapter discusses issues related to the joint forest-management systems in various parts of India. The concept of joint forest management emerged from conflict areas where district forest ... More


Livelihood Practices and Dynamics of Forest Conservation

Arupjyoti Saikia

in Forests and Ecological History of Assam, 1826–2000

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780198069539
eISBN:
9780199081240
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198069539.003.0008
Subject:
History, Indian History

In the formative years of the Assam Forest Department, forest management and implementation of forest laws often collided with the livelihood practices of the people and the natives. As a result, ... More


Rich Forests, Poor People: Resource Control and Resistance in Java

Nancy Lee Peluso

Published in print:
1992
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780520073777
eISBN:
9780520915534
Item type:
book
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520073777.001.0001
Subject:
Anthropology, Asian Cultural Anthropology

Millions of Javanese peasants live alongside state-controlled forest lands in one of the world's most densely populated agricultural regions. Because their legal access and customary rights to the ... More


From Absence to Negotiated Presence

Bina Agarwal

in Gender and Green Governance: The Political Economy of Women's Presence Within and Beyond Community Forestry

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
September 2010
ISBN:
9780199569687
eISBN:
9780191721847
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199569687.003.0003
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Development, Growth, and Environmental, International

This chapter traces the history of South Asian women's absence from traditional village institutions, such as caste and tribal councils, and the process of their inclusion in contemporary ... More


The Fight for the Forest

Madhav Gadgil and Ramachandra Guha

in This Fissured Land: An Ecological History of India

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
January 2013
ISBN:
9780198077442
eISBN:
9780199082155
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198077442.003.0005
Subject:
Sociology, Science, Technology and Environment

This chapter explores some of the evidences on conflicts over forest and pasture in colonial India. It reviews the major dimensions of such conflicts by addressing the genesis, the geographical ... More


Conquest and Control

Madhav Gadgil and Ramachandra Guha

in This Fissured Land: An Ecological History of India

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
January 2013
ISBN:
9780198077442
eISBN:
9780199082155
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198077442.003.0004
Subject:
Sociology, Science, Technology and Environment

The three characteristics of the industrial mode of resource use presented are important to a proper understanding of the ecological encounter between India and Britain. The most tangible outcome of ... More


The Emergence of “Scientific” Forestry in Colonial Java

Nancy Lee Peluso

in Rich Forests, Poor People: Resource Control and Resistance in Java

Published in print:
1992
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780520073777
eISBN:
9780520915534
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520073777.003.0003
Subject:
Anthropology, Asian Cultural Anthropology

The nineteenth century was a turning point in forest management and the forms of state control over the teak and nonteak forests of Java. It was then that a bureaucratic, colonial Forest Service drew ... More


Forests

Ramprasad Sengupta

in Ecological Limits and Economic Development

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
May 2013
ISBN:
9780198081654
eISBN:
9780199082407
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198081654.003.0010
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Development, Growth, and Environmental

The chapter characterizes forest as a resource and describes its centrality for the supply of a huge range of eco-services to human society. It classifies forests according to density and quality and ... More


Helping from Afar

Roger D. Stone

in Tropical Forests and the Human Spirit: Journeys to the Brink of Hope

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780520217997
eISBN:
9780520936072
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520217997.003.0010
Subject:
Anthropology, Anthropology, Global

This chapter discusses various ways in which the donor countries and agencies can help the developing world in conserving their forest resources and increase community participation in it. The mood ... More


State Power to Persist: Contemporary Forms of Forest Access Control

Nancy Lee Peluso

in Rich Forests, Poor People: Resource Control and Resistance in Java

Published in print:
1992
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780520073777
eISBN:
9780520915534
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520073777.003.0005
Subject:
Anthropology, Asian Cultural Anthropology

The reorganization of the State Forestry Corporation of Java (Perum Perhutani or SFC), under Soeharto's New Order and the economic growth thrust of the New Order state, characterized Forestry's ... More


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