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Constructing Cases with Science

MIKE REDMAYNE

in Expert Evidence and Criminal Justice

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780198267805
eISBN:
9780191714856
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198267805.003.0002
Subject:
Law, Criminal Law and Criminology

This chapter examines the potential of forensic science to contribute to the promotion of accurate decision-making. It evaluates some detail at how forensic science is employed in police ... More


Probability Models in Forensic Science

MIKE REDMAYNE

in Expert Evidence and Criminal Justice

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780198267805
eISBN:
9780191714856
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198267805.003.0003
Subject:
Law, Criminal Law and Criminology

This chapter begins by examining in detail the important role that interpretation plays in forensic science. It suggests two reasons for stressing interpretation: the significance of trace evidence ... More


A Revolution in Forensic Science?

in Truth Machine: The Contentious History of DNA Fingerprinting

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
March 2013
ISBN:
9780226498065
eISBN:
9780226498089
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226498089.003.0001
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

This introductory chapter discusses the theme of this book, which is about the scientific revolution in forensic science. The book traces how forensic DNA testing attained such extraordinary status, ... More


Test Tubes on Trial: Prosecutors and Forensic Evidence

Daniel S. Medwed

in Prosecution Complex: America's Race to Convict and Its Impact on the Innocent

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
March 2016
ISBN:
9780814796245
eISBN:
9780814764350
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
NYU Press
DOI:
10.18574/nyu/9780814796245.003.0006
Subject:
Law, Criminal Law and Criminology

This chapter focuses on the use of forensic evidence by prosecutors at trial—sometimes to the detriment of innocent defendants. It begins by providing a background on the use of forensic sciences to ... More


In the Laboratory: Quantification and Organic Objectivity

Corinna Kruse

in Social Life of Forensic Evidence

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
September 2016
ISBN:
9780520288386
eISBN:
9780520963337
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520288386.003.0005
Subject:
Sociology, Law, Crime and Deviance

This chapter examines how forensic scientists at the Swedish National Laboratory of Forensic Science analyze traces and how they use a Bayesian approach to evaluate their results, that is, how they ... More


5 Test Tubes on Trial: Prosecutors and Forensic Evidence

Daniel S. Medwed

in Prosecution Complex: America's Race to Convict and Its Impact on the Innocent

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
March 2016
ISBN:
9780814796245
eISBN:
9780814764350
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
NYU Press
DOI:
10.18574/nyu/9780814796245.003.0006
Subject:
Law, Criminal Law and Criminology

This chapter focuses on the use of forensic evidence by prosecutors at trial—sometimes to the detriment of innocent defendants. It begins by providing a background on the use of forensic sciences to ... More


Postmortem: How Medical Examiners Explain Suspicious Deaths

Stefan Timmermans

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
February 2013
ISBN:
9780226803982
eISBN:
9780226804002
Item type:
book
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226804002.001.0001
Subject:
Sociology, Health, Illness, and Medicine

As elected coroners came to be replaced by medical examiners with scientific training, the American public became fascinated with their work. From the grisly investigations showcased on highly rated ... More


Trials

Deborah Tuerkheimer

in Flawed Convictions: "Shaken Baby Syndrome" and the Inertia of Injustice

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
April 2014
ISBN:
9780199913633
eISBN:
9780199361830
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199913633.003.0004
Subject:
Law, Criminal Law and Criminology, Medical Law

As a medical diagnosis of crime, SBS falls squarely within the domain of forensic medicine, a branch of forensic science. This helps to explain not only the appeal of SBS (regardless of the “CSI ... More


Lies, Damned Lies, and Astronomy

Peter Coles

in From Cosmos to Chaos: The Science of Unpredictability

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780198567622
eISBN:
9780191718250
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198567622.003.0003
Subject:
Physics, Theoretical, Computational, and Statistical Physics

Astronomy is about using observational data to test hypotheses about the nature and behaviour of very distant objects, such as stars and galaxies. In these days of powerful telescopes and advanced ... More


Managing Uncertainty in Forensic and Expert Evidence Cases

Carolyn Hoyle and Mai Sato

in Reasons to Doubt: Wrongful Convictions and the Criminal Cases Review Commission

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
March 2019
ISBN:
9780198794578
eISBN:
9780191836022
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198794578.003.0007
Subject:
Law, Criminal Law and Criminology, Human Rights and Immigration

This chapter examines issues arising from cases that turn on forensic and expert evidence, focusing on how the Criminal Cases Review Commission investigates such applications and makes its decisions. ... More


Large Scale Identification of the Missing: Experiences and Perspectives of the International Commission on Missing Persons

Andreas Kleiser and Thomas J. Parsons

in Silent Witness: Forensic DNA Evidence in Criminal Investigations and Humanitarian Disasters

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
November 2020
ISBN:
9780190909444
eISBN:
9780197539958
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190909444.003.0010
Subject:
Biology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics

This chapter describes the experiences of the International Commission on Missing Persons (ICMP) in conducting large-scale, DNA-based identification of the missing, discussed within the context of ... More


Selective Arrests, an Ever-Expanding DNA Forensic Database, and the Specter of an Early Twenty-First-Century Equivalent of Phrenology

Troy Duster

in Tactical Biopolitics: Art, Activism, and Technoscience

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
August 2013
ISBN:
9780262042499
eISBN:
9780262271127
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262042499.003.0010
Subject:
Society and Culture, Media Studies

This chapter discusses the expansion of DNA databases. It begins by pointing out the systematic bias, by race, of a full range of behaviors displayed across the criminal justice system, from the ... More


From Corpse to Cadaver: Suicide and the Forensic Gaze

Kathryn A. Sloan

in Death in the City: Suicide and the Social Imaginary in Modern Mexico

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
January 2018
ISBN:
9780520290310
eISBN:
9780520964532
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520290310.003.0003
Subject:
History, Latin American History

This chapter travels the path of the suicide victim from live body to corpse to cadaver of the suicide victim. Some suicides undertook elaborate measures to prepare their bodies for death. Women, in ... More


M

Samm Deighan

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
February 2021
ISBN:
9781911325772
eISBN:
9781800342422
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Liverpool University Press
DOI:
10.3828/liverpool/9781911325772.001.0001
Subject:
Film, Television and Radio, Film

Fritz Lang's first sound feature, M (1931), is one of the earliest serial killer films in cinema history and laid the foundation for future horror movies and thrillers, particularly those with a ... More


Technologies of Detection

Lena Wånggren

in Gender, Technology and the New Woman

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
January 2018
ISBN:
9781474416269
eISBN:
9781474434645
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Edinburgh University Press
DOI:
10.3366/edinburgh/9781474416269.003.0007
Subject:
Literature, 19th-century and Victorian Literature

This sixth chapter concludes the monograph by examining the figure of the New Woman detective and the specific technologies of detection employed. While women could not enter the British police force ... More


Uncertainty: How It Makes Science Advance

Kostas Kampourakis and Kevin McCain

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
October 2019
ISBN:
9780190871666
eISBN:
9780190871697
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190871666.001.0001
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology

Scientific knowledge is the most solid and robust kind of knowledge that humans have because of its inherent self-correcting character. Nevertheless, anti-evolutionists, climate denialists, and ... More


Forensic Face Matching: Research and Practice

Markus Bindemann (ed.)

Published in print:
2021
Published Online:
March 2021
ISBN:
9780198837749
eISBN:
9780191874338
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198837749.001.0001
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology, Forensic Psychology

Person identification at passport control, at borders, in police investigations, and in criminal trials relies critically on the identity verification of people via image-to-image or person-to-image ... More


Last Chance for Justice

Carolyn Hoyle and Mai Sato

in Reasons to Doubt: Wrongful Convictions and the Criminal Cases Review Commission

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
March 2019
ISBN:
9780198794578
eISBN:
9780191836022
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198794578.003.0014
Subject:
Law, Criminal Law and Criminology, Human Rights and Immigration

This concluding chapter summarises the book's key findings and examines the main cultural and structural influences on the Criminal Cases Review Commission's decision-making. It begins with a ... More


The Lady Lives the Pigeon Dies

in Love & Death in Renaissance Italy

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
March 2013
ISBN:
9780226112589
eISBN:
9780226112602
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226112602.003.0006
Subject:
History, European Early Modern History

The chapter “The Lady Lives, the Pigeon Dies” launches as an epistolary novelette. This chapter offers yet another unhappy family. Here again one finds guile and cruelty. But this time, by an odd and ... More


Disappeared, Not Lost: Finding El Salvador’s Missing Children

Andrea Lampros, Montserrat Martínez Gómez, Cristián Orrego Benavente, and Patricia Vásquez Marías

in Silent Witness: Forensic DNA Evidence in Criminal Investigations and Humanitarian Disasters

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
November 2020
ISBN:
9780190909444
eISBN:
9780197539958
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190909444.003.0009
Subject:
Biology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics

This chapter explores the use of DNA in reuniting families separated by the armed conflict in El Salvador, highlighting the history and trajectory of the nongovernmental Asociación Pro-Búsqueda de ... More


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