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Forensic Genetics, Ethics, Privacy, and Public Policy

Thomas J. White and Steven B. Lee

in Silent Witness: Forensic DNA Evidence in Criminal Investigations and Humanitarian Disasters

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
November 2020
ISBN:
9780190909444
eISBN:
9780197539958
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190909444.003.0016
Subject:
Biology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics

Chapter 15 covers various ethical issues associated with the use of DNA methods for forensic analyses and human rights investigations. Topics include informed consent and storage issues for samples ... More


Postclosure

in Truth Machine: The Contentious History of DNA Fingerprinting

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
March 2013
ISBN:
9780226498065
eISBN:
9780226498089
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226498089.003.0012
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

This chapter, which examines the postclosure phase of the history of DNA profiling, discusses the extraordinary credibility currently assigned to DNA profiling and some of the legal implications of ... More


Practical Applications Using DNA

Alan McHughen

in DNA Demystified: Unravelling the Double Helix

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
July 2020
ISBN:
9780190092962
eISBN:
9780190092993
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190092962.003.0005
Subject:
Biology, Bioethics

Armed with knowledge of DNA structure and function, this book can now shift to applying knowledge of DNA and genetics to practical issues. Many of these are covered in social and mass media, often ... More


Taking Stock: DNA Testing and Its Complex Truths

Dawnie Steadman and Sarah Wagner

in Silent Witness: Forensic DNA Evidence in Criminal Investigations and Humanitarian Disasters

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
November 2020
ISBN:
9780190909444
eISBN:
9780197539958
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190909444.003.0013
Subject:
Biology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics

This chapter explores the evolving role of forensic genetics in human rights investigations and as a technology of postmortem identification for missing persons in ongoing conflict and post-conflict ... More


Fingerprinting: An Inversion of Credibility

in Truth Machine: The Contentious History of DNA Fingerprinting

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
March 2013
ISBN:
9780226498065
eISBN:
9780226498089
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226498089.003.0014
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

This chapter, which examines the inversion of relations between DNA fingerprinting and latent print identification, commonly known as fingerprinting, traces how DNA profiling went from measuring ... More


A Techno-Legal Controversy

in Truth Machine: The Contentious History of DNA Fingerprinting

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
March 2013
ISBN:
9780226498065
eISBN:
9780226498089
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226498089.003.0003
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

This chapter reviews a controversy about forensic DNA testing that ran for several years in the late 1980s and early 1990s and which was brought to a head in the legal domain, particularly in ... More


Race and the Genetic Revolution: Science, Myth, and Culture

Sheldon Krimsky and Kathleen Sloan (eds)

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
November 2015
ISBN:
9780231156974
eISBN:
9780231527699
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Columbia University Press
DOI:
10.7312/columbia/9780231156974.001.0001
Subject:
Sociology, Race and Ethnicity

Do advances in genomic biology create a scientific rationale for long-discredited racial categories? Chapters based in the fields of law, medicine, biology, sociology, history, anthropology, and ... More


Chains of Custody and Administrative Objectivity

in Truth Machine: The Contentious History of DNA Fingerprinting

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
March 2013
ISBN:
9780226498065
eISBN:
9780226498089
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226498089.003.0006
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

This chapter focuses on the arguments about practical errors in the use of forensic DNA evidence, especially in relation to the so-called called “chains of custody” or “continuity of evidence.” It ... More


Enthusiasm and Skepticism

Jennifer Hochschild

in Genomic Politics: How the Revolution in Genomic Science Is Shaping American Society

Published in print:
2021
Published Online:
August 2021
ISBN:
9780197550731
eISBN:
9780197550762
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780197550731.003.0004
Subject:
Political Science, American Politics

Chapter 4 examines two of the cells in the basic framework: “Enthusiasm” about the benefits of using the science of genetic inheritance, and “Skepticism” about the risks of using the science of ... More


Locating the Public in the Basic Framework

Jennifer Hochschild

in Genomic Politics: How the Revolution in Genomic Science Is Shaping American Society

Published in print:
2021
Published Online:
August 2021
ISBN:
9780197550731
eISBN:
9780197550762
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780197550731.003.0007
Subject:
Political Science, American Politics

Relying on two surveys of randomly selected American adults, Chapter 7 first locates the American public within the basic framework’s four quadrants. The surveys—Genomics: Knowledge, Attitudes, and ... More


Fingerprinting and Probability

in Truth Machine: The Contentious History of DNA Fingerprinting

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
March 2013
ISBN:
9780226498065
eISBN:
9780226498089
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226498089.003.0013
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

This chapter investigates why latent fingerprint comparisons have thus far proved intractable to probabilistic analysis. It explains that forensic DNA researchers did not claim that DNA fingerprints ... More


Introduction: “There Be Monsters”?

Jennifer Hochschild

in Genomic Politics: How the Revolution in Genomic Science Is Shaping American Society

Published in print:
2021
Published Online:
August 2021
ISBN:
9780197550731
eISBN:
9780197550762
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780197550731.003.0001
Subject:
Political Science, American Politics

Chapter 1 introduces four societal uses of genomic science that demonstrate its breadth, importance, and political complexity. They are race-based medicine, racial or ethnic ancestry testing, use of ... More


Disputes over Genomic Science Are Not Partisan

Jennifer Hochschild

in Genomic Politics: How the Revolution in Genomic Science Is Shaping American Society

Published in print:
2021
Published Online:
August 2021
ISBN:
9780197550731
eISBN:
9780197550762
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780197550731.003.0003
Subject:
Political Science, American Politics

In the contemporary United States, most important societal disputes have become politicized, with the result that there are Republican and Democratic positions to which partisans largely adhere. ... More


Twenty-First Century Policing?

Nigel G. Fielding

in Professionalizing the Police: The Unfulfilled Promise of Police Training

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
October 2018
ISBN:
9780198817475
eISBN:
9780191859434
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198817475.003.0004
Subject:
Law, Criminal Law and Criminology

Chapter 3 discusses the implications of managerialism and organizational structure for police professionalism, with a substantial discussion of the role of Police and Crime Commissioners. It looks at ... More


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