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Anselm on Freedom

Katherin Rogers

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
September 2008
ISBN:
9780199231676
eISBN:
9780191716089
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199231676.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Religion, General

Anselm is the first Christian philosopher to defend a libertarian analysis of created freedom. In doing so he proposes viable answers to perennial questions in the philosophy of religion: If God ... More


The Commentaries of Origen and Jerome on St. Paul's Epistle to the Ephesians

Ronald E. Heine

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780199245512
eISBN:
9780191600630
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199245517.001.0001
Subject:
Religion, Early Christian Studies

It has long been known that Jerome depended on Origen to some extent in producing his own commentary on Paul's Epistle to the Ephesians. Several excerpts from Origen's commentary on Ephesians have ... More


Eternal God: A Study of God without Time

Paul Helm

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
January 2011
ISBN:
9780199590391
eISBN:
9780191595516
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199590391.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Religion, Metaphysics/Epistemology

The book is a new edition of Eternal God first published in 1988, and contains four new chapters. It offers a defence of divine timeless eternity. After sketching the nature of such eternity in the ... More


The Dilemma of Freedom and Foreknowledge

Linda Trinkaus Zagzebski

Published in print:
1996
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780195107630
eISBN:
9780199852956
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195107630.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Religion

This book examines the three leading traditional solutions to the dilemma of divine foreknowledge and human free will—those arising from Boethius, William of Ockham, and Luis de Molina. Though all ... More


Molinism: The Contemporary Debate

Ken Perszyk (ed.)

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780199590629
eISBN:
9780191731280
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199590629.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Religion, Metaphysics/Epistemology

Molinism, named after the 16th century Spanish Jesuit Luis de Molina, re‐emerged in the 1970s after it was unwittingly assumed in versions of Alvin Plantinga's Free Will Defence against the Logical ... More


Oxford Studies in Philosophy of Religion Volume 3

Jonathan L. Kvanvig (ed.)

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
May 2011
ISBN:
9780199603213
eISBN:
9780191725388
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199603213.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Religion, Metaphysics/Epistemology

This is the third volume of the Oxford Studies in Philosophy of Religion series. As with the first two volumes, these essays follow the tradition of providing a non-sectarian and non-partisan ... More


Timelessness and Foreknowledge

Paul Helm

in Eternal God: A Study of God without Time

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
January 2011
ISBN:
9780199590391
eISBN:
9780191595516
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199590391.003.0006
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Religion, Metaphysics/Epistemology

The alleged incompatibility between divine foreknowledge and human freedom is discussed. Since for a timeless God foreknowledge is not strictly before, does timelessness solve the problem of ... More


Predestination: The American Career of a Contentious Doctrine

Peter J. Thuesen

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780195174274
eISBN:
9780199872138
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195174274.001.0001
Subject:
Religion, Theology, Church History

Predestination—the idea that God foreordains each person's eternal destiny—is one of the most fascinating and controversial doctrines in Christianity. For centuries, theologians assumed that outright ... More


Foreknowledge, Freedom, and Eternity: Part I The Problem and Historical Background

Katherin A. Rogers

in Anselm on Freedom

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
September 2008
ISBN:
9780199231676
eISBN:
9780191716089
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199231676.003.0009
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Religion, General

The most popular contemporary approach for reconciling libertarian freedom with divine foreknowledge is Molinism, but the view is fraught with problems and conflicts with classical theism. The other ... More


Foreknowledge, Freedom, and Eternity: Part II Anselm's Solution

Katherin A. Rogers

in Anselm on Freedom

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
September 2008
ISBN:
9780199231676
eISBN:
9780191716089
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199231676.003.0010
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Religion, General

Anselm grants that divine foreknowledge does introduce a sort of necessity regarding a future free choice, but it is a ‘consequent’ necessity, which follows from the choice actually being made by the ... More


The Commentaries of Eusebius Jerome the Presbyter on the Epistle of the Apostle Paul to the Ephesians: Book I

Ronald E. Heine

in The Commentaries of Origen and Jerome on St. Paul's Epistle to the Ephesians

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780199245512
eISBN:
9780191600630
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199245517.003.0002
Subject:
Religion, Early Christian Studies

Contains a complete English translation of the first book of Jerome's Latin commentary on Ephesians plus an English translation of all the Greek excerpts from Origen's commentary on Ephesians, which ... More


Causation and Freedom

Tad M. schmaltz

in Descartes on Causation

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
January 2008
ISBN:
9780195327946
eISBN:
9780199869961
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195327946.003.0006
Subject:
Philosophy, General

This chapter focuses on the special considerations for Descartes's theory of causation that arise from the various accounts of human freedom that he offered over the course of his philosophical ... More


The Varieties of Accidental Necessity

Thomas P. Flint

in Reason, Metaphysics, and Mind: New Essays on the Philosophy of Alvin Plantinga

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780199766864
eISBN:
9780199932184
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199766864.003.0004
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

Philosophers have spoken much in recent years about accidental necessity, especially in connection with arguments for the incompatibility of divine foreknowledge and human freedom. Some have further ... More


The Providential Usefulness of “Simple Foreknowledge”

Dean Zimmerman

in Reason, Metaphysics, and Mind: New Essays on the Philosophy of Alvin Plantinga

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780199766864
eISBN:
9780199932184
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199766864.003.0016
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

There are two ways to combine the doctrine of complete divine foreknowledge with the philosophical thesis of libertarianism (i.e., that freedom and determinism are incompatible): Molinism (which ... More


Divine Foreknowledge and Fatalism

Paul Helm

in Eternal God: A Study of God without Time

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
January 2011
ISBN:
9780199590391
eISBN:
9780191595516
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199590391.003.0008
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Religion, Metaphysics/Epistemology

This chapter brings together the results of the previous two chapters. It is argued that God's foreknowledge is incompatible with human indeterministic freedom. Does this mean that this conclusion ... More


The Patristic Period: Outlining the Problem

Matthew Levering

in Predestination: Biblical and Theological Paths

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
September 2011
ISBN:
9780199604524
eISBN:
9780191729317
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199604524.003.0003
Subject:
Religion, Theology, History of Christianity

Chapter Two argues that the Church Fathers develop insightful but almost inevitably one-sided approaches to the New Testament's teachings on predestination. Origen emphasizes the Creator's unlimited ... More


The Medieval Period: Seeking a Balance

Matthew Levering

in Predestination: Biblical and Theological Paths

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
September 2011
ISBN:
9780199604524
eISBN:
9780191729317
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199604524.003.0004
Subject:
Religion, Theology, History of Christianity

The third chapter argues that medieval theology, struggling with the biblical insights of Augustine and Damascene, eventually finds a way to uphold the strengths of both Fathers’ approaches—but ... More


The Foreknowledge Dilemmas

Linda Trinkaus Zagzebski

in The Dilemma of Freedom and Foreknowledge

Published in print:
1996
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780195107630
eISBN:
9780199852956
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195107630.003.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Religion

The problem of divine foreknowledge forces the religious person to give up one of a pair of beliefs both of which are central to Christian practice. These beliefs are, first, that God has infallibly ... More


The Boethian Solution

Linda Trinkaus Zagzebski

in The Dilemma of Freedom and Foreknowledge

Published in print:
1996
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780195107630
eISBN:
9780199852956
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195107630.003.0002
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Religion

In the previous chapter, it was argued that the Accidental Necessity Version of the divine foreknowledge dilemma is very strong. In addition, there is the problem of the Causal Necessity Version. ... More


The Ockhamist Solution

Linda Trinkaus Zagzebski

in The Dilemma of Freedom and Foreknowledge

Published in print:
1996
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780195107630
eISBN:
9780199852956
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195107630.003.0003
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Religion

Perhaps the most widely discussed solution to the divine foreknowledge dilemma in recent years is the Ockhamist solution. Many variations of it have been proposed, and some are probably not very ... More


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