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Labor Conditions around the World

Robert J. Flanagan

in Globalization and Labor Conditions

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2006
ISBN:
9780195306002
eISBN:
9780199783564
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195306007.003.0002
Subject:
Economics and Finance, International

This chapter introduces the measures of working conditions and labor rights that are the focus of the book and shows how labor conditions changed in the late 20th century. The key working conditions ... More


Taking Stock and Looking Ahead

Robert J. Flanagan

in Globalization and Labor Conditions

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2006
ISBN:
9780195306002
eISBN:
9780199783564
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195306007.003.0008
Subject:
Economics and Finance, International

This final chapter summarizes the findings of the earlier analyses of the impact of globalization on labor conditions and considers the principles that should inform future policies to improve labor ... More


Indigenato Before Race? Some Proposals on Portuguese Forced Labour Law in Mozambique and the African Empire (1926–62)

MICHEL CAHEN

in Racism and Ethnic Relations in the Portuguese-Speaking World

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
January 2013
ISBN:
9780197265246
eISBN:
9780191754197
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
British Academy
DOI:
10.5871/bacad/9780197265246.003.0009
Subject:
History, Imperialism and Colonialism

Was blackness the key factor for labelling native people as ‘non-civilised’ and thus to be pushed into forced labour in Portuguese Africa? Without denying the importance of blackness as a ... More


Employment

Jan‐Erik Lane, David McKay, and Kenneth Newton

in Political Data Handbook: OECD Countries

Published in print:
1996
Published Online:
January 2005
ISBN:
9780198280538
eISBN:
9780191601934
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/019828053X.003.0004
Subject:
Political Science, Reference

This section presents employment statistics on OECD countries. It features tables on labour force, employment by sectors, armed forces, producers of government services, government employment, ... More


The ‘Civilisation Guild’: Race and Labour in the Third Portuguese Empire, c. 1870–1930

MIGUEL BANDEIRA JERÓNIMO

in Racism and Ethnic Relations in the Portuguese-Speaking World

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
January 2013
ISBN:
9780197265246
eISBN:
9780191754197
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
British Academy
DOI:
10.5871/bacad/9780197265246.003.0010
Subject:
History, Imperialism and Colonialism

This chapter examines the continuity and the resilience of slavery and other modes of forced or compulsory labour in the Portuguese colonial empire in Africa from the late nineteenth century. ... More


Labor: Quantity

R. C. O. Matthews, C. H. Feinstein, and J. C. Odling‐Smee

in British Economic Growth 1856-1973: The Post-War Period in Historical Perspective

Published in print:
1982
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198284536
eISBN:
9780191596629
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198284535.003.0003
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Economic History

Labour input (measured in man‐hours) reached its all‐time high in 1913, before falling steeply in 1913–24. The post‐war period was unique among peacetime phases in having a decline in labour input, ... More


Introduction

V. K. Ramachandran (ed.)

in Wage Labour and Unfreedom in Agriculture: An Indian Case Study

Published in print:
1991
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198286479
eISBN:
9780191684524
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198286479.003.0001
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Development, Growth, and Environmental

This book explores the development of wage labour in agriculture in India, particularly in Tamil Nadu. It considers the role of agricultural growth and its impact on agricultural-labour households. ... More


Building the Porfirian state: administrative centralization, Indian communities and the ‘reinvention of tradition’

Sarah Washbrook

in Producing Modernity in Mexico: Labour, Race, and the State in Chiapas, 1876-1914

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
January 2013
ISBN:
9780197264973
eISBN:
9780191754128
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
British Academy
DOI:
10.5871/bacad/9780197264973.003.0006
Subject:
History, Latin American History

This chapter aims to improve our understanding of political modernization and state formation in Porfirian Chiapas ‘from below’, explaining specifically how the regime consolidated power within the ... More


New Course or Marginal Adjustment?

Neil Gilbert

in Transformation of the Welfare State: The Silent Surrender of Public Responsibility

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
April 2004
ISBN:
9780195140743
eISBN:
9780199834921
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195140745.003.0002
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics

In the first part of the chapter, views are discussed on the changing arrangements for social protection that have occurred in the last decade of the twentieth century in many, if not all, of the ... More


Labor: Quality

R. C. O. Matthews, C. H. Feinstein, and J. C. Odling‐Smee

in British Economic Growth 1856-1973: The Post-War Period in Historical Perspective

Published in print:
1982
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198284536
eISBN:
9780191596629
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198284535.003.0004
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Economic History

Rough estimates suggest that improvements in the quality of the labour force had a bigger quantitative impact on quality‐adjusted labour input than the increase in man‐hours. A steady small ... More


Cohort Differences in Retirement Expectations and Realizations

Brigitte Madrian, Olivia S. Mitchell, and Beth J. Soldo

in Redefining Retirement: How Will Boomers Fare?

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780199230778
eISBN:
9780191710971
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199230778.003.0002
Subject:
Business and Management, Pensions and Pension Management

This chapter compares retirement expectations, retirement patterns, and expectations of future work across different cohorts of the Health and Retirement Study, including the new cohort of Baby ... More


Researching Forced Labour in the Global Economy: Methodological Challenges and Advances

Genevieve LeBaron (ed.)

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
September 2019
ISBN:
9780197266472
eISBN:
9780191884214
Item type:
book
Publisher:
British Academy
DOI:
10.5871/bacad/9780197266472.001.0001
Subject:
Business and Management, Political Economy

By most accounts, forced labour, human trafficking, and modern slavery are thriving in the global economy. Recent media reports — including the discovery of widespread trafficking in Thailand's ... More


Is Retirement Being Remade? Developments in Labor Market Patterns at Older Ages

Sewin Chan and Ann Huff Stevens

in Recalibrating Retirement Spending and Saving

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
January 2009
ISBN:
9780199549108
eISBN:
9780191720734
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199549108.003.0002
Subject:
Business and Management, Pensions and Pension Management

This chapter investigates non-traditional work and retirement patterns among older individuals in the Health and Retirement Study. It first reviews the evidence on retirements that initially involve ... More


The Puzzle of Retirement and Early Retirement

Sarah Harper and Peter Laslett

in Understanding Social Change

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780197263143
eISBN:
9780191734939
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
British Academy
DOI:
10.5871/bacad/9780197263143.003.0009
Subject:
Sociology, Social Research and Statistics

This chapter focuses on early retirement, explaining why at a time of increasing longevity, and in particular healthy and active longevity, there is a continual withdrawal from the labour force of ... More


Chapter Chapter Strategies to Retain Older Workers

Janemarie Mulvey and Steven Nyce

in Reinventing the Retirement Paradigm

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
February 2006
ISBN:
9780199284603
eISBN:
9780191603013
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199284601.003.0007
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Financial Economics

This chapter begins by outlining the economic and demographic realities facing employers, and spells out how these change the ‘retirement promise’. The effects of several factors on older workers' ... More


Immigration Worldwide: Policies, Practices, and Trends

Uma A. Segal, Doreen Elliott, and Nazneen S. Mayadas (eds)

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
February 2010
ISBN:
9780195388138
eISBN:
9780199863440
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195388138.001.0001
Subject:
Social Work, Social Policy, Communities and Organizations

Immigration occurs in the wealthy nations of the global north and the not-so-rich countries of the global south; it involves individuals who arrive with substantial human capital and those with ... More


Child Rights

Magdalena Forowicz

in The Reception of International Law in the European Court of Human Rights

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
January 2011
ISBN:
9780199592678
eISBN:
9780191595646
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199592678.003.0004
Subject:
Law, Human Rights and Immigration

This chapter discusses the reception of the Hague Convention on the Civil Aspects of International Child Abduction, the Hague Convention on Intercountry Adoption, the United Nations Convention on the ... More


Labour Market Institutions and Income Inequality: What are the New Insights after the Washington Consensus?

Rolph van der Hoeven and Catherine Saget

in Inequality Growth and Poverty in an Era of Liberalization and Globalization

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
August 2004
ISBN:
9780199271412
eISBN:
9780191601255
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199271410.003.0008
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Development, Growth, and Environmental

Looks at some of the labour market outcomes of recent economic reforms. The extent to which labour market institutions affect the relationship between reform policies and income inequality remains ... More


Methodological Challenges in the Business of Forced Labour

Genevieve LeBaron and Andrew Crane

in Researching Forced Labour in the Global Economy: Methodological Challenges and Advances

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
September 2019
ISBN:
9780197266472
eISBN:
9780191884214
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
British Academy
DOI:
10.5871/bacad/9780197266472.003.0002
Subject:
Business and Management, Political Economy

Most forced labour takes place in business contexts, yet the business logics of exploitation are rarely explored empirically. This gap relates to the lack of researchers in the field with specific ... More


Economic Well-being

Richard Alba and Nancy Foner

in Strangers No More: Immigration and the Challenges of Integration in North America and Western Europe

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691161075
eISBN:
9781400865901
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691161075.003.0003
Subject:
Sociology, Migration Studies (including Refugee Studies)

This chapter looks at the economic situations of the immigrants. They have uprooted themselves in the search for better economic prospects, but profound changes in the economic structures of the rich ... More


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