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The i/f distinction: distinguishing intent from foresight

T. A. Cavanaugh

in Double-Effect Reasoning: Doing Good and Avoiding Evil

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2006
ISBN:
9780199272198
eISBN:
9780191604157
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199272190.003.0003
Subject:
Religion, Philosophy of Religion

This chapter analyzes the intended/foreseen (i/f) distinction: how to name it, how to make it, and how to apply it to the classic cases of euthanasia/terminal sedation, craniotomy/hysterectomy, and ... More


Moral Dilemmas: and Other Topics in Moral Philosophy

Philippa Foot

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780199252848
eISBN:
9780191597411
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/019925284X.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

Moral Dilemmas is the second volume of collected essays by the eminent moral philosopher Philippa Foot. It fills the gap between her 1978 collection Virtues and Vices and her acclaimed monograph ... More


The Problem of Intelligibility Revisited

Richard Kraut

in Against Absolute Goodness

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780199844463
eISBN:
9780199919550
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199844463.003.0029
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

According to Geach, Foot, and Thomson, it is unintelligible to say that pleasure is, quite simply, good. They hold that there is no useful role for absolute goodness to play in our thinking, but ... More


Recent Skepticism about Absolute Goodness

Richard Kraut

in Against Absolute Goodness

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780199844463
eISBN:
9780199919550
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199844463.003.0005
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

This chapter focuses on how others have also arrived at a skeptical conclusion about absolute goodness, although the route by which this book comes to that conclusion is different from those that ... More


Agroterrorism: The Very Food on Your Plate (and the Water in Your Glass)

William R. Clark

in Bracing for Armageddon?: The Science and Politics of Bioterrorism in America

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
September 2008
ISBN:
9780195336214
eISBN:
9780199868537
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195336214.003.0006
Subject:
Biology, Ecology

If the purpose of bioterrorism is social and economic disruption, and the spread of fear and uncertainty across as many people as possible, for as long as possible, disruption of food and water ... More


The Phonological Level

Kees Hengeveld and J. Lachlan Mackenzie

in Functional Discourse Grammar: A Typologically-Based Theory of Language Structure

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
September 2008
ISBN:
9780199278107
eISBN:
9780191707797
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199278107.003.0005
Subject:
Linguistics, Psycholinguistics / Neurolinguistics / Cognitive Linguistics, Theoretical Linguistics

This chapter is concerned with the contribution of phonological distinctions to encoding the Interpersonal and Representational Levels. Utterances are composed of layers of structure, right down to ... More


Stochastic models for epidemics

Valerie Isham

in Celebrating Statistics: Papers in honour of Sir David Cox on his 80th birthday

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780198566540
eISBN:
9780191718038
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198566540.003.0002
Subject:
Mathematics, Probability / Statistics

This chapter provides an overview of stochastic models for epidemics, focusing on topics that have preoccupied researchers for the last 15 years, and identifying continuing challenges. After some ... More


RAISING CATTLE AND EATING MEAT: Rinderpest, Measles, and Mad Cow Disease

Jaap Goudsmit

in Viral Fitness: The Next SARS and West Nile in the Making

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780195130348
eISBN:
9780199790166
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195130348.003.0004
Subject:
Biology, Microbiology

This chapter discusses diseases affecting livestock and their consequences. Topics covered include rinderpest, a deadly form of plague that can occur among domesticated cows, sheep, and goats; ... More


SPE Extensions: Conditions on Representations and Defect‐Driven Rules 1

John Frampton

in Rules, Constraints, and Phonological Phenomena

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
May 2008
ISBN:
9780199226511
eISBN:
9780191710193
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199226511.003.0007
Subject:
Linguistics, Phonetics / Phonology

A new formal theory of iterative rules is proposed and the advantage of analyzing various prosodic phenomena in terms of this rule format is demonstrated. Noteworthy is the extensive use of ... More


A New Orleans Trumpeter in a New York Band

Jeffrey Magee

in The Uncrowned King of Swing: Fletcher Henderson and Big Band Jazz

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
May 2008
ISBN:
9780195090222
eISBN:
9780199871469
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195090222.003.0005
Subject:
Music, Popular

Louis Armstrong's brief tenure in Henderson's band forms a crucial moment in the history of jazz. Many jazz historians have argued that Armstrong's hot solos caused Henderson's band to sound passé, ... More


Prolegomena: The Ritual Context for Ambrose’s Soteriology

J. Warren Smith

in Christian Grace and Pagan Virtue: The Theological Foundation of Ambrose’s Ethics

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
January 2011
ISBN:
9780195369939
eISBN:
9780199893362
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195369939.003.0001
Subject:
Religion, Theology

Based on Ambrose’s explanation of the elements of the sacrament of Christian initiation practiced in Milan in De sacramentis and De mysteriis, the prolegomena reconstructs Augustine’s baptism. Thus ... More


Diabetes and Lower-Extremity Diseases

Andrew J. M. Boulton and Frank L. Bowling

in Diabetes Public Health: From Data to Policy

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
January 2011
ISBN:
9780195317060
eISBN:
9780199871544
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195317060.003.0008
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

The lifetime risk that a person with diabetes will develop a foot ulcer may be as high as 15%–25%, and every year an estimated 1 million people lose a leg as a consequence of this condition, equating ... More


Further Attempts to end Statutory Theatre Censorship

David Thomas, David Carlton, and Anne Etienne

in Theatre Censorship: From Walpole to Wilson

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
May 2008
ISBN:
9780199260287
eISBN:
9780191717390
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199260287.003.0007
Subject:
Literature, Drama

This chapter provides a brief overview of the cultural and political context of the 1950s to help explain why any challenges to the Lord Chamberlain's authority were sporadic and largely ... More


Freedom as Constraint: The Morality of Autonomy

Katerina Deligiorgi

in The Scope of Autonomy: Kant and the Morality of Freedom

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780199646159
eISBN:
9780191741142
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199646159.003.0004
Subject:
Philosophy, History of Philosophy

Chapter 4 draws some of the broader consequences of the anti-naturalist assumptions of the theory of autonomy defended here, by looking both at alternative readings of Kant and at broader questions ... More


EEG-Based Brain-Computer Interface

Gert Pfurtscheller, Reinhold Scherer, and Christa Neuper

in Neuroergonomics: The brain at work

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780195177619
eISBN:
9780199864683
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195177619.003.0020
Subject:
Neuroscience, Sensory and Motor Systems, Behavioral Neuroscience

This chapter focuses on the brain-computer interface (BCI), a system that allows its user to interact with his environment without the use of muscular activity as, for example, hand, foot, or mouth ... More


Ferrets

Dale F. Lott

in American Bison: A Natural History

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780520233386
eISBN:
9780520930742
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520233386.003.0018
Subject:
Biology, Natural History and Field Guides

Black-footed ferrets are in the same family as badgers but aren't in the same class as diggers. Long, low, and slender, they find prairie dog tunnels to be just their size. So they simply move into a ... More


“Tell Uncle Noodles What You Did Today”: Intertextuality, Child‐Centered Frames, and “Extending Family”

Cynthia Gordon

in Making Meanings, Creating Family: Intertextuality and Framing in Family Interaction

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780195373820
eISBN:
9780199872046
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195373820.003.0003
Subject:
Linguistics, Sociolinguistics / Anthropological Linguistics

This chapter explores how two close family friends take part in one nuclear family's discourse and symbolically become family members. It thus shows how family boundaries are linguistically extended. ... More


Introduction: The Sociolinguistics of Stance

Jaffe Alexandre

in Stance: Sociolinguistic Perspectives

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780195331646
eISBN:
9780199867974
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195331646.003.0001
Subject:
Linguistics, Sociolinguistics / Anthropological Linguistics

This chapter situates the study of stance within major currents of sociolinguistic inquiry, including such topics as footing and framing, style and stylization, language ideologies, performance, and ... More


Physical Hazards

Tee L. Guidotti

in Global Occupational Health

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
May 2011
ISBN:
9780195380002
eISBN:
9780199893881
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195380002.003.0008
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health

Physical hazards involve the release of energy in various forms: 1) noise, the most common and widespread physical hazard, can be continuous noise or impulse that can cause damage to the ear or ... More


Virtue Egoism

Alison Hills

in The Beloved Self: Morality and the Challenge from Egoism

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
September 2010
ISBN:
9780199213306
eISBN:
9780191594212
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199213306.003.0004
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

One response to the challenge of Egoism is to deny that there is a distinction between reasons of self-interest and moral reasons. Aristotle, for instance, claimed that the good life, the life of ... More


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