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Food in Wartime, 1939–1940

Alan F. Wilt

in Food for War: Agriculture and Rearmament in Britain before the Second World War

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780198208716
eISBN:
9780191717024
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198208716.003.0007
Subject:
History, British and Irish Modern History

This chapter discusses food in wartime from 1939 to 1940. It investigates how well the government's plans in food and agriculture worked out during this period. It also looks at what the government ... More


The supply chain

Tim Lang, David Barling, and Martin Caraher

in Food Policy: Integrating health, environment and society

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780198567882
eISBN:
9780191724121
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198567882.003.0005
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

This chapter explores how and why the food system has the shape it does, in order to assess whether and how the various food sectors are rising to the ecological public health challenge; and if not, ... More


The environment and ecosystems

Tim Lang, David Barling, and Martin Caraher

in Food Policy: Integrating health, environment and society

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780198567882
eISBN:
9780191724121
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198567882.003.0006
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

This chapter explores the environmental impacts of food production and contemporary supply chains, and the policy responses that have emerged to address these impacts. These policy responses are ... More


What Do We Need from Agriculture?

R. Ford Denison

in Darwinian Agriculture: How Understanding Evolution Can Improve Agriculture

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691139500
eISBN:
9781400842810
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691139500.003.0002
Subject:
Biology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics

This chapter considers some of the challenges that agriculture is facing now or will face in the near future, including resource-use efficiency and food security. It begins with a discussion of the ... More


Measures of Food Insecurity at the Household Level *

Indranil Dutta and Craig Gundersen

in Food Security: Indicators, Measurement, and the Impact of Trade Openness

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
May 2008
ISBN:
9780199236558
eISBN:
9780191717031
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199236558.003.0003
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Development, Growth, and Environmental

Food insecurity and hunger have traditionally been measured by aggregate food supplies or by variables correlated with food insecurity. Because these measures often poorly reflect individuals' true ... More


Government Policy and the Distribution of Grain: Revisiting the Reform of Agricultural Institutions in China and India

Amiya Kumar Bagchi and Anthony P. D’Costa

in Transformation and Development: The Political Economy of Transition in India and China

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
January 2013
ISBN:
9780198082286
eISBN:
9780199082377
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198082286.003.0003
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics

This chapter analyzes the food grain supply chain in India and China. It starts by examining the changing contexts of food security in both countries, and the implications for domestic reforms of ... More


Standards of Living in Eighteenth-Century China: Regional Differences, Temporal Trends, and Incomplete Evidence

Kenneth Pomeranz

in Living Standards in the Past: New Perspectives on Well-Being in Asia and Europe

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
July 2005
ISBN:
9780199280681
eISBN:
9780191602467
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199280681.003.0002
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Economic History

Attempts to reconstruct basic aspects of the standard of living in late eighteenth century China, focusing primarily on the Yangzi Delta (China’s richest region) but also briefly considering other ... More


Feeding China *: The Experience since 1949

Carl Riskin

in The Political Economy of Hunger: Volume 3: Endemic Hunger

Published in print:
1991
Published Online:
January 2008
ISBN:
9780198286370
eISBN:
9780191718441
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198286370.003.0002
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Development, Growth, and Environmental

This chapter analyses the evidence of China's apparently remarkable success in reducing the prevalence of malnutrition. This success is particularly associated with public policies taking in ... More


 The Nuns

Suzanne Vromen

in Hidden Children of the Holocaust

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
May 2008
ISBN:
9780195181289
eISBN:
9780199870752
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195181289.003.0003
Subject:
Religion, Judaism

This chapter draws on interviews with surviving nuns to show that mothers superior were responsible for accepting children in the convents and that they did so while maintaining all possible secrecy ... More


Food Security in Africa

Opeoluwa Badaru

in Protecting Human Security in Africa

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
January 2011
ISBN:
9780199578986
eISBN:
9780191595202
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199578986.003.0002
Subject:
Law, Human Rights and Immigration, Public International Law

This chapter examines the idea and emerging norm of food security in the context of Africa. It begins with an elaboration of the concept of food security. It evaluates the state of food insecurity in ... More


Advances in Food Safety to Prevent Foodborne Diseases in the United States

Robert V. Tauxe and Emilio J. Esteban

in Silent Victories: The History and Practice of Public Health in Twentieth Century America

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780195150698
eISBN:
9780199865185
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195150698.003.02
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

In the United States, the current food supply is broader and far safer than it was 100 years ago. At the start of the 20th century, contaminated foods frequently caused botulism, typhoid fever, ... More


The Trials of War

Steven Gunn, David Grummitt, and Hans Cools

in War, State, and Society in England and the Netherlands 1477-1559

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
January 2008
ISBN:
9780199207503
eISBN:
9780191708848
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199207503.003.019
Subject:
History, European Early Modern History

This chapter asks how the ill-effects of war and princes' efforts to mitigate them affected their relationship with their subjects. Attempts to discipline soldiers often failed to prevent them from ... More


The Price Scissors in Closed and Partially Closed Socialist Economies

Raaj K. Sah and Joseph E. Stiglitz

in Peasants versus City-Dwellers: Taxation and the Burden of Economic Development

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
January 2005
ISBN:
9780199253579
eISBN:
9780191601682
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199253579.003.0006
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Development, Growth, and Environmental

Addresses the same issues as were examined in the previous chapter, i.e. the situation in which there is only one set of prices in rural and urban sectors, but with reference to a closed economy. The ... More


The food paths

Felicity Savage King and Ann Burgess

in Nutrition for Developing Countries

Published in print:
1993
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780192622334
eISBN:
9780191723643
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780192622334.003.0023
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

This chapter discusses food paths. Food paths are the ‘paths’ travelled foods from the places they are produced to the people who eat them. Topics covered include factors that alter the amounts of ... More


FARMING AND FEEDING THE HUNGRY: Plant Viruses and Human Enteroviruses

Jaap Goudsmit

in Viral Fitness: The Next SARS and West Nile in the Making

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780195130348
eISBN:
9780199790166
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195130348.003.0003
Subject:
Biology, Microbiology

This chapter discusses plant viruses and human enteroviruses. Population growth has an enormous impacton the global food supply. Two groups of viruses complicate the food chain. First, there are ... More


Poverty and Entitlements

Amartya Sen

in Poverty and Famines: An Essay on Entitlement and Deprivation

Published in print:
1983
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198284635
eISBN:
9780191596902
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198284632.003.0001
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Development, Growth, and Environmental

Introduces the basic approach used by the author to analyse the causes of starvation in general and famine in particular. The approach involves a study of entitlement systems, based on the author's ... More


The Economic Infrastructure

Caroline M. Barron

in London in the Later Middle Ages: Government and People 1200-1500

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780199257775
eISBN:
9780191717758
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199257775.003.03
Subject:
History, British and Irish Medieval History

This chapter examines the ways in which the Londoners attempted to minimise the ‘transaction costs’ of doing business in the city and to attract merchants and traders from abroad and within England. ... More


The Future of the Global Food Economy: Scenarios for Supply, Demand, and Prices

Mark W. Rosegrant, Simla Tokgoz, and Prapti Bhandary

in Food Security and Sociopolitical Stability

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
January 2014
ISBN:
9780199679362
eISBN:
9780191758430
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199679362.003.0002
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Development, Growth, and Environmental

Several food price spikes since 2007 have motivated researchers and policymakers to weigh the factors behind high food prices, their implications for long-term food security, and the connection ... More


Feast and Famine: Food and Nutrition in Ireland 1500-1920

Leslie Clarkson and Margaret Crawford

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780198227519
eISBN:
9780191708374
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198227519.001.0001
Subject:
History, British and Irish Early Modern History, British and Irish Modern History

This book traces the history of food and famine in Ireland from the 16th to the early 20th century. It is concerned with what people ate and drank, and how consumption patterns changed over time. It ... More


Food security

Felicity Savage King and Ann Burgess

in Nutrition for Developing Countries

Published in print:
1993
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780192622334
eISBN:
9780191723643
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780192622334.003.0025
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

This chapter discusses the issue of food security. Topics covered include food and nutrition surveillance (FNS), collecting and reporting data for FNS, actions to improve food security, and nutrition ... More


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