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From the Consumer’s Revolution to the Economic War, 1959–1962

Michelle Chase

in Revolution Within the Revolution: Women and Gender Politics in Cuba, 1952-1962

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
May 2016
ISBN:
9781469625003
eISBN:
9781469625027
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of North Carolina Press
DOI:
10.5149/northcarolina/9781469625003.003.0006
Subject:
History, Latin American History

This chapter examines how patterns of consumption changed in the first few years of the revolution. As early as 1959, transformations in the countryside due to the agrarian reform and U.S. economic ... More


The Cost of War: Mortality and Population Loss

John Landers

in The Field and the Forge: Population, Production, and Power in the Pre-industrial West

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780199279579
eISBN:
9780191719448
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199279579.003.0014
Subject:
History, Social History, Economic History

War imposed economic costs through the destruction of resources and their diversion to non-productive ends, and demographic costs in the form of relative or absolute population losses due to forced ... More


Hungry and Homeless in the Depression

David F. Crew

in Germans on Welfare: From Weimar to Hitler

Published in print:
1998
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780195053111
eISBN:
9780199854479
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195053111.003.0010
Subject:
History, European Modern History

During the Depression Germany experienced a decade long deterioration of nutrition. This was brought on by the wartime food shortages, the continuation of the Allied blockade after the armistice, ... More


National Willpower: American Asceticism and Self-Government

Helen Zoe Veit

in Modern Food, Moral Food: Self-Control, Science, and the Rise of Modern American Eating in the Early Twentieth Century

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
July 2014
ISBN:
9781469607702
eISBN:
9781469612751
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of North Carolina Press
DOI:
10.5149/northcarolina/9781469607702.003.0002
Subject:
History, Cultural History

This chapter talks about the way in which 300 of the richest women in New York City, in January 1918, asked the government to tell them what to eat. The United States had entered the Great War nine ... More


Anticipating a second Famine: consumption, production and resistance during the First World War

Ian Miller

in Reforming food in post-Famine Ireland: Medicine, science and improvement, 18451922

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
September 2014
ISBN:
9780719088865
eISBN:
9781781706909
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Manchester University Press
DOI:
10.7228/manchester/9780719088865.003.0009
Subject:
History, British and Irish Modern History

This chapter explores the centrality of food in debates about national existence during the First World War. It suggests that conflict forced a rethinking of the post-Famine evolution of Irish food ... More


Living on the Edge

Robert Blobaum

in A Minor Apocalypse: Warsaw during the First World War

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
September 2017
ISBN:
9781501705236
eISBN:
9781501707889
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Cornell University Press
DOI:
10.7591/cornell/9781501705236.003.0003
Subject:
History, Military History

This chapter discusses the disastrous state of Warsaw's wartime economy. An almost complete disruption in the supply of coal in the war's first months dealt a crippling blow to industrial production ... More


The Busy Years

Sandra Fahy

in Marching Through Suffering: Loss and Survival in North Korea

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
November 2015
ISBN:
9780231171342
eISBN:
9780231538947
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Columbia University Press
DOI:
10.7312/columbia/9780231171342.003.0002
Subject:
History, Asian History

This chapter outlines the earliest perceptions of North Koreans during the start of the famine. The late 1980s saw the end of the Soviet Union giving aid to North Korea. This led to a 10-percent ... More


Substituting Meat

Jenny Leigh Smith

in Works in Progress: Plans and Realities on Soviet Farms, 1930-1963

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
January 2015
ISBN:
9780300200690
eISBN:
9780300210316
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Yale University Press
DOI:
10.12987/yale/9780300200690.003.0005
Subject:
History, Russian and Former Soviet Union History

The production of milk and pork was both a problem and an opportunity for the Soviet Union. The rebirth in the production of these products is best represented in the introduction of tushonka, a pork ... More


“Is There Any Way to Get at the Distillers?”: The Fall and Rise of the Moonshiners, 1861–1868

Bruce E. Stewart

in Moonshiners and Prohibitionists: The Battle over Alcohol in Southern Appalachia

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
September 2011
ISBN:
9780813130002
eISBN:
9780813135670
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University Press of Kentucky
DOI:
10.5810/kentucky/9780813130002.003.0004
Subject:
History, American History: 20th Century

With public attention focused on the Civil War, support for the temperance movement started to wane. In fact, by 1865, only five out of the fourteen northern states that had passed statewide ... More


Pica in Response to Food Shortage

Sera L. Young

in Craving Earth: Understanding Pica--the Urge to Eat Clay, Starch, Ice, and Chalk

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
November 2015
ISBN:
9780231146098
eISBN:
9780231517898
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Columbia University Press
DOI:
10.7312/columbia/9780231146098.003.0007
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health

This chapter first presents examples of earth consumed during famines. It then examines the first of the two nutritional explanations of pica—that pica is a response to hunger. It considers four ... More


The Demilitarization of Japan, August 1945 to December 1947

Hiroshi Masuda

in MacArthur in Asia: The General and His Staff in the Philippines, Japan, and Korea

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
August 2016
ISBN:
9780801449390
eISBN:
9780801466199
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Cornell University Press
DOI:
10.7591/cornell/9780801449390.003.0010
Subject:
History, Military History

On August 30, 1945, MacArthur landed safely in Japan and from Atsugi Airfield headed for his accommodation at the Hotel New Grand in Yokohama. The U.S. Army had requisitioned the Yokohama Customs ... More


Eastern Hard Times

R. Douglas Hurt

in Agriculture and the Confederacy: Policy, Productivity, and Power in the Civil War South

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
January 2016
ISBN:
9781469620008
eISBN:
9781469620022
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of North Carolina Press
DOI:
10.5149/northcarolina/9781469620008.003.0006
Subject:
History, American History: Civil War

This chapter focuses on the hard times experienced by farmers and planters in the Eastern Confederacy at the height of the Civil War. In the Eastern Confederacy farmers and planters greeted 1864 with ... More


Food, the Emergency and the lower-class Irish body, c.1939–45

Bryce Evans

in Medicine, Health and Irish Experiences of Conflict, 1914-45

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
May 2017
ISBN:
9780719097850
eISBN:
9781526120977
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Manchester University Press
DOI:
10.7228/manchester/9780719097850.003.0004
Subject:
Society and Culture, Cultural Studies

The ending of the Anglo-Irish Economic War (1932-8) is often represented as a watershed in British-Irish relations. However, it was soon followed by renewed trade hostility. Between 1940 and 1945, ... More


The Overcrowded and Hungry City, 1864: “We Are in a Sad and Anxious State Here Now”

Mary A. DeCredico

in Confederate Citadel: Richmond and Its People at War

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
September 2020
ISBN:
9780813179254
eISBN:
9780813179261
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University Press of Kentucky
DOI:
10.5810/kentucky/9780813179254.003.0005
Subject:
History, American History: Civil War

Chapter 4 chronicles the ongoing challenges that Richmonders faced. Inflation continued to be a problem. The ever-growing tide of refugees swelled the population to more than 100,000; some in ... More


The State’s Pot and the Soldier’s Spoon: Rations in the Red Army

Brandon M. Schechter

in The Stuff of Soldiers: A History of the Red Army in World War II through Objects

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
May 2020
ISBN:
9781501739798
eISBN:
9781501739804
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Cornell University Press
DOI:
10.7591/cornell/9781501739798.003.0004
Subject:
History, European Modern History

This chapter focuses on provisioning in the Red Army, tracing how soldiers ate, the ways the government positioned itself as provider, and the logic of who deserved more or less food under conditions ... More


Epilogue

Naomi Oreskes and Erik M. Conway

in The Collapse of Western Civilization: A View from the Future

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
November 2015
ISBN:
9780231169547
eISBN:
9780231537957
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Columbia University Press
DOI:
10.7312/columbia/9780231169547.003.0004
Subject:
Environmental Science, Environmental Studies

This epilogue discusses the outcome of the Great Collapse. As the devastating effects of the Great Collapse began to appear, the nation-states with democratic governments were initially unwilling and ... More


Surviving the Famine

Zhou Xun

in Forgotten Voices of Mao's Great Famine, 1958-1962: An Oral History

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
May 2014
ISBN:
9780300184044
eISBN:
9780300199246
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Yale University Press
DOI:
10.12987/yale/9780300184044.003.0008
Subject:
History, Asian History

This chapter focuses on people’s efforts to survive the Great Famine. People sold everything they had, from furniture to clothing, children, and sex in order to scrape together the currency to barter ... More


Gourmets in the Land of Famine: The Culture and Politics of Rice in Modern Canton

Seung-Joon Lee

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
June 2013
ISBN:
9780804772266
eISBN:
9780804781763
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Stanford University Press
DOI:
10.11126/stanford/9780804772266.001.0001
Subject:
History, Asian History

A study of the politics of rice in Canton, this book sheds new light on the local history of the city and illuminates how China's struggles with food shortages in the early twentieth century unfolded ... More


High Modernism and the Development Decade

Tom Scott-Smith

in On an Empty Stomach: Two Hundred Years of Hunger Relief

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
September 2020
ISBN:
9781501748653
eISBN:
9781501748677
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Cornell University Press
DOI:
10.7591/cornell/9781501748653.003.0009
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

This chapter concerns the period of high modernism, when expansive ambitions of scientific progress promised new foods from a variety of fantastical sources, including algae grown on sewage, fungi ... More


Emergency Measures

Roderick MacFarquhar

in The Origins of the Cultural Revolution: Volume 3: The Coming of the Cataclysm 1961-1966

Published in print:
1997
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780192149978
eISBN:
9780191670084
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780192149978.003.0003
Subject:
History, Asian History

This chapter examines the remedial measures taken by the Chinese government to address the catastrophic decline in grain output and its impact on people's food consumption during the 1960s. Based on ... More


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