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Labeling Genetically Modified Food: The Philosophical and Legal Debate

Paul Weirich (ed.)

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
January 2008
ISBN:
9780195326864
eISBN:
9780199870325
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195326864.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

Many countries, such as countries in the European Union, require that food labels announce genetically modified (GM) ingredients. The United States does not require such labeling. Which labeling ... More


Famine Prevention in Africa: Some Experiences and Lessons

Jean Drèze

in The Political Economy of Hunger: Volume 2: Famine Prevention

Published in print:
1991
Published Online:
January 2008
ISBN:
9780198286363
eISBN:
9780191718458
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198286363.003.0003
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Development, Growth, and Environmental

This chapter focuses on the success stories of famine prevention in a number of African countries, such as Kenya, Zimbabwe, Cape Verde, and Bostswana, that had received little attention from the ... More


What Do We Need from Agriculture?

R. Ford Denison

in Darwinian Agriculture: How Understanding Evolution Can Improve Agriculture

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691139500
eISBN:
9781400842810
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691139500.003.0002
Subject:
Biology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics

This chapter considers some of the challenges that agriculture is facing now or will face in the near future, including resource-use efficiency and food security. It begins with a discussion of the ... More


Modelling an Early Warning System for Famines

Meghnad Desai

in The Political Economy of Hunger: Volume 2: Famine Prevention

Published in print:
1991
Published Online:
January 2008
ISBN:
9780198286363
eISBN:
9780191718458
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198286363.003.0005
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Development, Growth, and Environmental

There exists a general consensus for the need of ‘early warning systems’ for policy makers' prompt response to impending famines. But since famines occur for a variety of reasons and a famine's ... More


Epidemiologic Principles and Food Safety

Tamar Lasky (ed.)

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780195172638
eISBN:
9780199865727
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195172638.001.0001
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

This book details the various ways in which epidemiologic methods can improve food safety. Starting with a history and background of food-borne illness, the book continues by describing the means of ... More


The Changing Face of Agribusiness

Robert Wuthnow

in Remaking the Heartland: Middle America since the 1950s

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691146119
eISBN:
9781400836246
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691146119.003.0007
Subject:
Sociology, Urban and Rural Studies

This chapter examines the changing face of agribusiness in the Middle West. It explains how agribusiness transformed large sections of the Middle West during the last third of the twentieth century ... More


The environment and ecosystems

Tim Lang, David Barling, and Martin Caraher

in Food Policy: Integrating health, environment and society

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780198567882
eISBN:
9780191724121
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198567882.003.0006
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

This chapter explores the environmental impacts of food production and contemporary supply chains, and the policy responses that have emerged to address these impacts. These policy responses are ... More


Food and Agriculture

Annalee Yassi, Tord Kjellström, Theo de Kok, and Tee L. Guidotti

in Basic Environmental Health

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780195135589
eISBN:
9780199864102
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195135589.003.0007
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

This chapter focuses on food and agriculture. Topics discussed include health and nutrition, foodborne diseases and food poisoning, food quality criteria, food quality assurance, global food ... More


Diversity, Bet-hedging, and Selection among Ideas

R. Ford Denison

in Darwinian Agriculture: How Understanding Evolution Can Improve Agriculture

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691139500
eISBN:
9781400842810
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691139500.003.0012
Subject:
Biology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics

This chapter summarizes the book's main conclusions and cautions against exclusive reliance on any single approach. The book's central thesis is that nature's wisdom is found primarily in ... More


Industrial Restructuring

Glenn Yago and Susanne Trimbath

in Beyond Junk Bonds: Expanding High Yield Markets

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780195149234
eISBN:
9780199871865
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195149238.003.0010
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Financial Economics

This chapter investigates industrial restructuring in the slow‐growing food industry in the USA, asking why an industry with a growth factor of less than 1% flourishes in a world in which companies ... More


The Economic Causes of Humanitarian Emergencies

E. WAYNE NAFZIGER and JUHA AUVINEN

in War, Hunger, and Displacement: VOLUME 1

Published in print:
2000
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198297390
eISBN:
9780191685323
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198297390.003.0003
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Development, Growth, and Environmental

This chapter examines the results of econometric studies concerning the causes of humanitarian emergencies. The findings reveal that stagnation and decline in real gross domestic product (GDP), slow ... More


The supply chain

Tim Lang, David Barling, and Martin Caraher

in Food Policy: Integrating health, environment and society

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780198567882
eISBN:
9780191724121
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198567882.003.0005
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

This chapter explores how and why the food system has the shape it does, in order to assess whether and how the various food sectors are rising to the ecological public health challenge; and if not, ... More


The food paths

Felicity Savage King and Ann Burgess

in Nutrition for Developing Countries

Published in print:
1993
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780192622334
eISBN:
9780191723643
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780192622334.003.0023
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

This chapter discusses food paths. Food paths are the ‘paths’ travelled foods from the places they are produced to the people who eat them. Topics covered include factors that alter the amounts of ... More


Introduction

Alan F. Wilt

in Food for War: Agriculture and Rearmament in Britain before the Second World War

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780198208716
eISBN:
9780191717024
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198208716.003.0001
Subject:
History, British and Irish Modern History

This introductory chapter describes the book's aim to attempt to recognize food and agriculture as significant factors in Britain during the 1930s, not as elements standing apart from identified ... More


Sustainable Urban Agriculture in Cuba

Sinan Koont

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780813037578
eISBN:
9780813042114
Item type:
book
Publisher:
University Press of Florida
DOI:
10.5744/florida/9780813037578.001.0001
Subject:
Society and Culture, Latin American Studies

This book examines one of the first and most successful large-scale, organic, and agroecological urban agriculture efforts currently being attempted in the world, namely, in Cuba. This trailblazing ... More


Food security, inclusive growth, sustainability and the sustainable development agenda1

Craig Hanson, Tim Searchinger, Richard Waite, Betsy Otto, Brian Lipinski, and Kelly Levin

in Did the Millennium Development Goals Work?: Meeting Future Challenges with Past Lessons

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
May 2018
ISBN:
9781447335702
eISBN:
9781447335740
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Policy Press
DOI:
10.1332/policypress/9781447335702.003.0016
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Development, Growth, and Environmental

This chapter considers the food security challenge to 2030 and its implications for the sustainable development agenda. It first outlines three proposed food security targets that integrate ... More


Economic Experiments to Examine Fairness and Cooperation among the Ache Indians of Paraguay

Kim Hill and Michael Gurven

in Foundations of Human Sociality: Economic Experiments and Ethnographic Evidence from Fifteen Small-Scale Societies

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
January 2005
ISBN:
9780199262052
eISBN:
9780191601637
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199262055.003.0013
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Microeconomics

It has been suggested that cooperative outcomes may be more ubiquitous in traditional hunter–gatherer societies, which are characterized by economic systems that more closely resemble those in which ... More


The future of agriculture and humanity

Denis J. Murphy

in People, Plants and Genes: The Story of Crops and Humanity

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780199207145
eISBN:
9780191708893
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199207145.003.0017
Subject:
Biology, Plant Sciences and Forestry

This final chapter looks back at the impact of agriculture on human populations, and looks forward to a highly uncertain future for both farming and humanity. The relatively stable Holocene climate ... More


Evaluating the Success of Cuban Urban Agriculture

Sinan Koont

in Sustainable Urban Agriculture in Cuba

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780813037578
eISBN:
9780813042114
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University Press of Florida
DOI:
10.5744/florida/9780813037578.003.0009
Subject:
Society and Culture, Latin American Studies

One obviously important outcome of urban agriculture is the production and distribution of foodstuffs to the population. By far the most successful subprogram of urban agriculture is in the ... More


An Economic Analysis of National Food Sovereignty Policies in the Middle East: The Case Of Lebanon And Jordan

Jane Harrigan

in Food Security in the Middle East

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
December 2014
ISBN:
9780199361786
eISBN:
9780190235697
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199361786.003.0003
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Public and Welfare

Increased food imports to the Middle East and North Africa region (MENA) have been stimulated by population growth and changing consumption patterns. International organisations involved in MENA have ... More


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