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Food Security Twists and Turns: Why Food Systems need Complex Governance

Tim Lang and John Ingram

in Addressing Tipping Points for a Precarious Future

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
January 2014
ISBN:
9780197265536
eISBN:
9780191760327
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
British Academy
DOI:
10.5871/bacad/9780197265536.003.0005
Subject:
Political Science, Environmental Politics

Tipping points and nudges are favoured metaphors of politicians seeking to make sense of complex topics. Food security is possibly the first major challenge for tipping points, combining the politics ... More


Famines, Markets and Intervention

Jean Drèze and Amartya Sen

in Hunger and Public Action

Published in print:
1991
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198283652
eISBN:
9780191596193
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198283652.003.0006
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Development, Growth, and Environmental

Some of the deficiencies of direct delivery strategies as a means of preventing famines are noted before the part that markets can play in precipitating or relieving famine is explored. The ... More


Setting the Price: Food Riots before 1790

Adrian Randall

in Riotous Assemblies: Popular Protest in Hanoverian England

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780199259908
eISBN:
9780191717444
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199259908.003.0005
Subject:
History, British and Irish Early Modern History, Social History

This chapter focuses on food riots in England from the Hanoverian accession up to the end of the 1770s. Eighteenth-century food riots were complex and multifaceted events that cannot easily be ... More


Market Responses to Anti-hunger Policies: Effects on Wages, Prices and Employment

Martin Ravallion

in The Political Economy of Hunger: Volume 2: Famine Prevention

Published in print:
1991
Published Online:
January 2008
ISBN:
9780198286363
eISBN:
9780191718458
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198286363.003.0006
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Development, Growth, and Environmental

Market responses can enhance or undermine anti-hunger policies, and an understanding of these responses can provide important clues for policy analysis and design. This chapter explores alternative ... More


The Economy, the State and the Public

Jean Drèze and Amartya Sen

in Hunger and Public Action

Published in print:
1991
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198283652
eISBN:
9780191596193
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198283652.003.0013
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Development, Growth, and Environmental

Many of the arguments of the book are summarized, with a special emphasis on the role of public action (in a broad sense) to alleviate hunger. Early warning systems and employment provision plans are ... More


The Social Sectors, Poverty, and Reform

Vijay Joshi and I. M. D. Little

in India's Economic Reforms, 1991-2001

Published in print:
1996
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198290780
eISBN:
9780191596506
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198290780.003.0006
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Development, Growth, and Environmental

The effect of industrial reform on the social sector is the main aspect of this chapter. It examines the different effects of reform on the level of poverty in India. The authors propose ways to ... More


Food Price Policy in an Era of Market Instability: A Political Economy Analysis

Per Pinstrup-Andersen (ed.)

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
January 2015
ISBN:
9780198718574
eISBN:
9780191788017
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198718574.001.0001
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Development, Growth, and Environmental

Food price volatility is one of the major challenges facing the global agricultural system today. This was most vividly illustrated during the global food crisis of 2007–9 when price spikes occurred ... More


Diets, Malnutrition, and Disease: The Indian Experience

Raghav Gaiha, Raghbendra Jha, and Vani S Kulkarni (eds)

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
November 2014
ISBN:
9780198099215
eISBN:
9780199084500
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198099215.001.0001
Subject:
Sociology, Health, Illness, and Medicine

What distinguishes this book from the current literature is its analysis of malnutrition and its meticulous exploration of dietary transition, poverty nutrition traps and links between multiple ... More


The Future of the Global Food Economy: Scenarios for Supply, Demand, and Prices

Mark W. Rosegrant, Simla Tokgoz, and Prapti Bhandary

in Food Security and Sociopolitical Stability

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
January 2014
ISBN:
9780199679362
eISBN:
9780191758430
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199679362.003.0002
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Development, Growth, and Environmental

Several food price spikes since 2007 have motivated researchers and policymakers to weigh the factors behind high food prices, their implications for long-term food security, and the connection ... More


The Political Economy of Food Price Policy in India

Kavery Ganguly and Ashok Gulati

in Food Price Policy in an Era of Market Instability: A Political Economy Analysis

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
January 2015
ISBN:
9780198718574
eISBN:
9780191788017
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198718574.003.0016
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Development, Growth, and Environmental

India did not experience food price spikes during 2007–8 when global prices erupted, partly due to a ban on exports of wheat and common rice. The fiscal stimulus in 2009 to avert economic recession, ... More


The Political Economy of Food Price Policy in South Africa

Johann F. Kirsten

in Food Price Policy in an Era of Market Instability: A Political Economy Analysis

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
January 2015
ISBN:
9780198718574
eISBN:
9780191788017
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198718574.003.0019
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Development, Growth, and Environmental

This chapter analyses the food price trends in South Africa during two periods of rapid food price inflation that occurred in the decade 2000–10 and unpacks the political reaction and policy ... More


The Political Economy of Food Price Policy: An Overview

Per Pinstrup-Andersen

in Food Price Policy in an Era of Market Instability: A Political Economy Analysis

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
January 2015
ISBN:
9780198718574
eISBN:
9780191788017
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198718574.003.0001
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Development, Growth, and Environmental

How do governments respond to abrupt food price changes and why do they respond as they do? Answers to these two questions are important to help us understand policy-making, to predict how policy ... More


The Political Economy of Food Price Policy in Ethiopia

Assefa Admassie

in Food Price Policy in an Era of Market Instability: A Political Economy Analysis

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
January 2015
ISBN:
9780198718574
eISBN:
9780191788017
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198718574.003.0006
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Development, Growth, and Environmental

Food prices increased significantly in 2007–8 in Ethiopia due to several supply- and demand-side factors. The Ethiopian government released emergency food grain reserves, imported and distributed ... More


The Political Economy of Food Price Policy in Kenya

Jonathan Makau Nzuma

in Food Price Policy in an Era of Market Instability: A Political Economy Analysis

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
January 2015
ISBN:
9780198718574
eISBN:
9780191788017
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198718574.003.0009
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Development, Growth, and Environmental

This chapter evaluates Kenya’s food price crisis over 2002–11 using a political economy approach. Kenya’s food prices have been high and volatile relative to world food prices. Moreover, domestic ... More


Influences of Agricultural Technology on the Size and Importance of Food Price Variability

Julian M. Alston, William J. Martin, and Philip G. Pardey

in The Economics of Food Price Volatility

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
May 2015
ISBN:
9780226128924
eISBN:
9780226129082
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226129082.003.0002
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Development, Growth, and Environmental

Technological change in agriculture affects the variability of food prices both by changing the sensitivity of aggregate farm supply to external shocks and by changing the sensitivity of prices to ... More


Dietary Transition in India: An Analysis Based on NSS Data, 1993–2004

Nidhi Kaicker

Vani S. Kulkarni and Raghav Gaiha (eds)

in Diets, Malnutrition, and Disease: The Indian Experience

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
November 2014
ISBN:
9780198099215
eISBN:
9780199084500
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198099215.003.0003
Subject:
Sociology, Health, Illness, and Medicine

A Food Diversity Index, analogous to the Herfindahl Index, is constructed to capture the shift away from a cereal dominated diet to one with more diversity. In the next stage, the effect of food ... More


Food Price Volatility and EU Policies

Johan Swinnen, Louise Knops, and Kristine van Herck

in Food Price Policy in an Era of Market Instability: A Political Economy Analysis

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
January 2015
ISBN:
9780198718574
eISBN:
9780191788017
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198718574.003.0021
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Development, Growth, and Environmental

Changes in global food prices have affected EU producers and consumers and have triggered policy reactions through the EU’s political process. In particular, the EU and member states responded by ... More


Trade Policies and Global Food Security

Kym Anderson

in Food Security and Sociopolitical Stability

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
January 2014
ISBN:
9780199679362
eISBN:
9780191758430
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199679362.003.0010
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Development, Growth, and Environmental

With the growing demand for food in emerging economies, and for biofuels, many governments are re-examining their strategies for dealing with long-term food security. In the past, governmental ... More


A Political Economy Synthesis: The Food Policy Crisis

Derrill D. Watson II

in Food Price Policy in an Era of Market Instability: A Political Economy Analysis

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
January 2015
ISBN:
9780198718574
eISBN:
9780191788017
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198718574.003.0005
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Development, Growth, and Environmental

The food price crisis revealed contradictions in creating food policy. Much of the common policy response can be explained by a benevolent, unitary government. To understand the variance between ... More


The Unnatural Coupling: Food and global finance

Jayati Ghosh

in Reforming the International Financial System for Development

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
November 2015
ISBN:
9780231157643
eISBN:
9780231527279
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Columbia University Press
DOI:
10.7312/columbia/9780231157643.003.0004
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Financial Economics

This chapter examines the link between the global food crisis and the financial crisis. More specifically, it considers the dramatic increase in world food prices in 2007–2008, attributing it mainly ... More


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