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Food and Agriculture

Annalee Yassi, Tord Kjellström, Theo de Kok, and Tee L. Guidotti

in Basic Environmental Health

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780195135589
eISBN:
9780199864102
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195135589.003.0007
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

This chapter focuses on food and agriculture. Topics discussed include health and nutrition, foodborne diseases and food poisoning, food quality criteria, food quality assurance, global food ... More


Risk

Chris Otter

in Diet for a Large Planet: Industrial Britain, Food Systems, and World Ecology

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
May 2021
ISBN:
9780226697109
eISBN:
9780226705965
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226705965.003.0005
Subject:
History, British and Irish Modern History

This chapter explores the emergence of several unpredictable food crises which appeared after 1800. These particular crises centred on adulteration (particularly of milk), imported epizootics ... More


An inspector calls: Pennington, E. coli and disaster science

Ed Randall

in Food, Risk and Politics: Scare, Scandal and Crisis – Insights Into the RiskPolitics of Food Safety

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
July 2012
ISBN:
9780719072307
eISBN:
9781781702918
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Manchester University Press
DOI:
10.7228/manchester/9780719072307.003.0003
Subject:
Political Science, Political Theory

Dealing with the first of a series of E. coli O157 outbreaks in Scotland (which occurred in 1996), this chapter looks at the detective skills of a professor of bacteriology. Hugh Pennington's ... More


Salmonella Infections, Networks of Knowledge, and Public Health in Britain, 1880-1975

Anne Hardy

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
March 2015
ISBN:
9780198704973
eISBN:
9780191774058
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198704973.001.0001
Subject:
History, British and Irish Modern History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

The Salmonella family of bacteria were considered the dominant source of the common affliction of food poisoning for most of the twentieth century. Food poisoning was identified as a public health ... More


Fever and Food Poisoning: The Two Faces of Salmonella

Sandy B. Primrose

in Microbiology of Infectious Disease: Integrating Genomics with Natural History

Published in print:
2022
Published Online:
May 2022
ISBN:
9780192863843
eISBN:
9780191954559
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780192863843.003.0005
Subject:
Biology, Disease Ecology / Epidemiology, Microbiology

There are two species of Salmonella. Only Salmonella enterica infects warm-blooded animals. The sub-species Salmonella enterica subsp. enterica is the only one to infect humans and other mammals. ... More


Tracking Horizontal Gene Transfer: Staphylococcus aureus

Sandy B. Primrose

in Microbiology of Infectious Disease: Integrating Genomics with Natural History

Published in print:
2022
Published Online:
May 2022
ISBN:
9780192863843
eISBN:
9780191954559
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780192863843.003.0016
Subject:
Biology, Disease Ecology / Epidemiology, Microbiology

Staphylococcus aureus is a much-feared pathogen that can cause a number of different diseases depending on the strains involved and the site of entry to the body. Staphylococcus has many different ... More


Plasmids and Pathogenicity: The Bacillus cereus Complex

Sandy B. Primrose

in Microbiology of Infectious Disease: Integrating Genomics with Natural History

Published in print:
2022
Published Online:
May 2022
ISBN:
9780192863843
eISBN:
9780191954559
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780192863843.003.0014
Subject:
Biology, Disease Ecology / Epidemiology, Microbiology

Bacillus cereus, Bacillus anthracis, and Bacillus thuringiensis comprise the Bacillus cereus complex. They are more related to one another than to all other Bacillus species. Bacillus anthracis ... More


The Virosphere

Dorothy H. Crawford

in Viruses: —The Invisible Enemy

Published in print:
2021
Published Online:
November 2021
ISBN:
9780192845030
eISBN:
9780191937330
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780192845030.003.0001
Subject:
Biology, Animal Biology

This chapter provides an overview of the virosphere. Viruses are fundamentally different from all other organisms, including other microbes. They are honed to the bare essentials required to survive, ... More


Air Travel

Dom Colbert

in MCQs in Travel Medicine

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
November 2020
ISBN:
9780199664528
eISBN:
9780191918315
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780199664528.003.0016
Subject:
Clinical Medicine and Allied Health, Professional Development in Medicine

Most travel overseas is by air, although more and more people today, especially the elderly, are taking cruises. Passenger comfort has declined over the past 40 years despite the advances in ... More


A Multifaceted Pathogen: Escherichia coli

Sandy B. Primrose

in Microbiology of Infectious Disease: Integrating Genomics with Natural History

Published in print:
2022
Published Online:
May 2022
ISBN:
9780192863843
eISBN:
9780191954559
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780192863843.003.0004
Subject:
Biology, Disease Ecology / Epidemiology, Microbiology

Escherichia coli normally behaves as a commensal organism and constitutes about 0.1% of the normal flora of the human gut where its beneficial properties include synthesis of vitamin K. Some strains ... More


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