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Terrestrial Food Chain Pathways: Concepts and Models

Ward F. Whicker and Arthur S. Rood

in Radiological Risk Assessment and Environmental Analysis

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
September 2008
ISBN:
9780195127270
eISBN:
9780199869121
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195127270.003.0006
Subject:
Biology, Ecology, Biochemistry / Molecular Biology

This chapter presents the fundamental processes that govern transport of radionuclides in the terrestrial environment, the assumptions underlying the mathematical models used to estimate radionuclide ... More


Radiological Risk Assessment and Environmental Analysis

John E. Till and Helen Grogan (eds)

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
September 2008
ISBN:
9780195127270
eISBN:
9780199869121
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195127270.001.0001
Subject:
Biology, Ecology, Biochemistry / Molecular Biology

This book is an update and major revision to Radiological Assessment: A Textbook on Environmental Dose Analysis published by the U.S. Nuclear Regulatory Commission in 1983. It focuses on risk to the ... More


Food Chains and Omnivory

Kevin S. McCann

in Food Webs (MPB-50)

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691134178
eISBN:
9781400840687
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691134178.003.0007
Subject:
Biology, Ecology

This chapter extends the consumer–resource theory to include simple but common three-species modules behind the construction of whole food webs, with particular emphasis on food chains and omnivory. ... More


Marine Food Webs: Conceptual Development of a Central Research Paradigm

Bruce Menge

in Food Webs and the Dynamics of Marine Reefs

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
May 2008
ISBN:
9780195319958
eISBN:
9780199869596
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195319958.003.0001
Subject:
Biology, Aquatic Biology

The chapter summarizes the history of recent scientific understanding of food webs, particularly shallow water food webs. The chapter outlines a history of key papers ranging from Elton to the most ... More


The supply chain

Tim Lang, David Barling, and Martin Caraher

in Food Policy: Integrating health, environment and society

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780198567882
eISBN:
9780191724121
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198567882.003.0005
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

This chapter explores how and why the food system has the shape it does, in order to assess whether and how the various food sectors are rising to the ecological public health challenge; and if not, ... More


Reef Fishes: Diversity, Feeding, and Food Chains

Charles R. C. Sheppard, Simon K. Davy, and Graham M. Pilling

in The Biology of Coral Reefs

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780198566359
eISBN:
9780191713934
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198566359.003.0006
Subject:
Biology, Biodiversity / Conservation Biology, Aquatic Biology

This chapter discusses some of the characteristics of reef fish ecology that lead to such a wide range of forms and sizes seen in reef fish. Geographic drivers for fish diversity are examined at a ... More


Government Policy and the Distribution of Grain: Revisiting the Reform of Agricultural Institutions in China and India

Amiya Kumar Bagchi and Anthony P. D’Costa

in Transformation and Development: The Political Economy of Transition in India and China

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
January 2013
ISBN:
9780198082286
eISBN:
9780199082377
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198082286.003.0003
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics

This chapter analyzes the food grain supply chain in India and China. It starts by examining the changing contexts of food security in both countries, and the implications for domestic reforms of ... More


Propriety and Trespass: The Drama of Eating

Ellen F. Davis

in Reading Genesis after Darwin

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
February 2010
ISBN:
9780195383355
eISBN:
9780199870561
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195383355.003.0012
Subject:
Religion, Biblical Studies, History of Christianity

Contrary to the popular view, the first chapters of Genesis do not attempt to instruct us about the process by which the species came into being ("the origin of species"), but rather about the ... More


Enrichment, trophic structure, and stability

John C. Moore and Peter C. De Ruiter

in Energetic Food Webs: An analysis of real and model ecosystems

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
December 2013
ISBN:
9780198566182
eISBN:
9780191774683
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198566182.003.0007
Subject:
Biology, Ecology

This chapter focuses on how enrichment at the base of a food web or food chain influences trophic structure, energy flow, dynamics, and stability. Included in enrichment is new living biomass ... More


Metals in the Environment as Risk Factors for Infectious Diseases: Gaps and Opportunities

M. Leigh Ackland, Julia Bornhorst, George V. Dedoussis, Rodney R. Dietert, Jerome O. Nriagu, Jozef M. Pacyna, and John M. Pettifor

in Trace Metals and Infectious Diseases

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
May 2016
ISBN:
9780262029193
eISBN:
9780262327619
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262029193.003.0017
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health

By reducing immune function, trace metal deficiencies may substantially contribute to the global burden of diarrhea, pneumonia, and malaria. Human activities may be contributing to trace metal ... More


Food Power and the Global Supermarket

Shane Hamilton

in Supermarket USA: Food and Power in the Cold War Farms Race

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
May 2019
ISBN:
9780300232691
eISBN:
9780300240849
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Yale University Press
DOI:
10.12987/yale/9780300232691.003.0007
Subject:
History, American History: 20th Century

This chapter discusses how U.S. transnational agribusiness corporations demonstrated U.S. farm and food power to the world from the 1960s into the 1980s. In earlier decades of the Farms Race, U.S. ... More


Of Modules, Motifs, and Whole Webs

Kevin S. McCann

in Food Webs (MPB-50)

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691134178
eISBN:
9781400840687
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691134178.003.0003
Subject:
Biology, Ecology

This chapter explains the use of modular or motif-based theory to interpret the dynamics of whole food webs. According to Robert Holt, modules are “as motifs with muscles.” Holt's modular theory ... More


Food chains and food webs: controlling factors and cascading effects

Gary G. Mittelbach and Brian J. McGill

in Community Ecology

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
September 2019
ISBN:
9780198835851
eISBN:
9780191873379
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198835851.003.0011
Subject:
Biology, Ecology, Biodiversity / Conservation Biology

This chapter uses simple theory and experiments to address the fundamental question of what determines the biomass (abundance) of different trophic levels (plants, herbivores, carnivores) in a ... More


Resetting the “Good Food” Table: Labor and Food Justice Alliances in Los Angeles

Joshua Sbicca

in New Food Activism: Opposition, Cooperation, and Collective Action

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
January 2018
ISBN:
9780520292130
eISBN:
9780520965652
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520292130.003.0005
Subject:
Sociology, Economic Sociology

The formation of food-labor alliances in Los Angeles pushes food justice politics beyond a focus on food access, culturally appropriate food, and self-determination by strategically emphasizing ... More


Food Web Interactions in Freshwater Ecosystems

Christer Brönmark and Lars-Anders Hansson

in The Biology of Lakes and Ponds

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
December 2017
ISBN:
9780198713593
eISBN:
9780191781902
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198713593.003.0005
Subject:
Biology, Aquatic Biology, Ecology

This chapter on food web interactions connects the organisms and their interactions with the abiotic frame and provides a helicopter perspective on the function of freshwater ecosystems. Initially, ... More


Ecological networks

Guido Caldarelli

in Scale-Free Networks: Complex Webs in Nature and Technology

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780199211517
eISBN:
9780191705984
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199211517.003.0009
Subject:
Physics, Theoretical, Computational, and Statistical Physics

This chapter presents the area of ecological networks analysis, mostly in the area of food webs.


Productivity, dynamic stability, and species richness

John C. Moore and Peter C. De Ruiter

in Energetic Food Webs: An analysis of real and model ecosystems

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
December 2013
ISBN:
9780198566182
eISBN:
9780191774683
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198566182.003.0009
Subject:
Biology, Ecology

This chapter takes a look at the energetically based food web processes that can explain the observed relationship between net primary productivity and species diversity. It looks first at ... More


Industrial Kashrus

Roger Horowitz

in Kosher USA: How Coke Became Kosher and Other Tales of Modern Food

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
September 2016
ISBN:
9780231158329
eISBN:
9780231540933
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Columbia University Press
DOI:
10.7312/columbia/9780231158329.003.0005
Subject:
History, American History: 20th Century

Framed with the case of how Oreo cookies became kosher, explains how government requirements and the complex supply chains of modern industrial food generates a preference for kosher-certified food ... More


Consumer Considerations and the Agriculture of the Middle

Eileen Brady and Caitlin O’Brady

in Food and the Mid-Level Farm: Renewing an Agriculture of the Middle

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
August 2013
ISBN:
9780262122993
eISBN:
9780262278751
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262122993.003.0006
Subject:
Political Science, Environmental Politics

This chapter focuses on the change in the consumer preference from processed to fresh foods, which is responsible for the increase in small-size farm food production, and presents several incidents ... More


Networks, Conventions, and Regions: Theorizing ‘Worlds of Food’

Kevin Morgan, Terry Marsden, and Jonathan Murdoch

in Worlds of Food: Place, Power, and Provenance in the Food Chain

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
November 2020
ISBN:
9780199271580
eISBN:
9780191917721
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780199271580.003.0009
Subject:
Earth Sciences and Geography, Economic Geography

Food is a long-standing productive activity which carries a number of different production and consumption attributes. However, much of the recent literature focuses ... More


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