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Entitlement and Deprivation

Jean Drèze and Amartya Sen

in Hunger and Public Action

Published in print:
1991
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198283652
eISBN:
9780191596193
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198283652.003.0002
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Development, Growth, and Environmental

The link between deprivation and the law is explored, and it is noted that, in seeking social changes to eliminate hunger, the nature of the entitlement systems has to be properly understood. ... More


Timing of Breeding

Tony D. Williams

in Physiological Adaptations for Breeding in Birds

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691139821
eISBN:
9781400842797
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691139821.003.0003
Subject:
Biology, Ornithology

This chapter argues that the timing of the initiation of a single breeding event, or the initiation of the first of multiple breeding events within the same breeding season, is completely dependent ... More


3 Ethiopian Famines 1973–1985: A Case‐Study

B. G. Kumar

in The Political Economy of Hunger: Volume 2: Famine Prevention

Published in print:
1991
Published Online:
January 2008
ISBN:
9780198286363
eISBN:
9780191718458
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198286363.003.0004
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Development, Growth, and Environmental

This chapter examines the famines of Ethiopia during the period 1973-85, with its rather bleak and gloomy situation. Though a decline in food availability played a major role in the famines, it is ... More


Famines, Markets and Intervention

Jean Drèze and Amartya Sen

in Hunger and Public Action

Published in print:
1991
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198283652
eISBN:
9780191596193
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198283652.003.0006
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Development, Growth, and Environmental

Some of the deficiencies of direct delivery strategies as a means of preventing famines are noted before the part that markets can play in precipitating or relieving famine is explored. The ... More


Entitlements and Deprivation

Amartya Sen

in Poverty and Famines: An Essay on Entitlement and Deprivation

Published in print:
1983
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198284635
eISBN:
9780191596902
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198284632.003.0010
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Development, Growth, and Environmental

In this final chapter, the entitlement approach advocated by the author to the causation of starvation and famine is further consolidated by taking up general issues of deprivation related to ... More


The Great Bengal Famine

Amartya Sen

in Poverty and Famines: An Essay on Entitlement and Deprivation

Published in print:
1983
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198284635
eISBN:
9780191596902
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198284632.003.0006
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Development, Growth, and Environmental

A case study of the Great Bengal Famine of 1943, which had a reported death toll of about 1.5 million. An explanation for the famine is analysed in terms of the most common approach used—food ... More


Habitat assessment

William J. Sutherland and Rhys E. Green

in Bird Ecology and Conservation: A Handbook of Techniques

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780198520863
eISBN:
9780191706189
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198520863.003.0011
Subject:
Biology, Biodiversity / Conservation Biology

Most field studies incorporate measures of habitat extent and quality. How to devise a protocol for recording habitat is described. The section on physical environment describes how to measure ... More


The Ethiopian Famine

Amartya Sen

in Poverty and Famines: An Essay on Entitlement and Deprivation

Published in print:
1983
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198284635
eISBN:
9780191596902
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198284632.003.0007
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Development, Growth, and Environmental

A case study of the Ethiopian Famine of 1972–4, which had a reported death toll of between 50, 000 and 200, 000 in a population of about 27 million. An explanation for the famine is analysed in terms ... More


Famine in Bangladesh

Amartya Sen

in Poverty and Famines: An Essay on Entitlement and Deprivation

Published in print:
1983
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198284635
eISBN:
9780191596902
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198284632.003.0009
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Development, Growth, and Environmental

A case study of the 1974 famine in Bangladesh, which was associated with the floods of that year, and had an official mortality of 26,000. The causation of the famine is analysed in terms of food ... More


Drought and Famine in the Sahel

Amartya Sen

in Poverty and Famines: An Essay on Entitlement and Deprivation

Published in print:
1983
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198284635
eISBN:
9780191596902
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198284632.003.0008
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Development, Growth, and Environmental

A case study of the drought of 1968–73, and the famines of the 1970s in the in the six West African countries of Mauritania, Senegal, Mali, Upper Volta, Niger, and Chad. The famines are analysed in ... More


Synthesis and Conclusions

Peter Svedberg

in Poverty and Undernutrition: Theory, Measurement, and Policy

Published in print:
2000
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198292685
eISBN:
9780191596957
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198292686.003.0018
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Development, Growth, and Environmental

This final chapter first summarizes the main reasons why the FAO method for estimating undernutrition fails and why the anthropometric approach—despite shortcomings—is to be preferred. It also offers ... More


Coyotes: Coyotes in Yellowstone National Park: the influence of dominance on foraging, territoriality, and fitness

Eric M. Gese

in The Biology and Conservation of Wild Canids

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780198515562
eISBN:
9780191705632
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198515562.003.0017
Subject:
Biology, Biodiversity / Conservation Biology

The coyote population at Yellowstone National Park (YNP), Wyoming, has not been subject to human persecution for several decades allowing for direct observation of their behaviour, interactions among ... More


Poverty and Undernutrition: Theory, Measurement, and Policy

Peter Svedberg

Published in print:
2000
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198292685
eISBN:
9780191596957
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198292686.001.0001
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Development, Growth, and Environmental

A large share of the population in many developing countries suffers from chronic undernutrition. This book provides a detailed comparative study of undernutrition in sub‐Saharan Africa and South ... More


Government Policy and the Distribution of Grain: Revisiting the Reform of Agricultural Institutions in China and India

Amiya Kumar Bagchi and Anthony P. D’Costa

in Transformation and Development: The Political Economy of Transition in India and China

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
January 2013
ISBN:
9780198082286
eISBN:
9780199082377
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198082286.003.0003
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics

This chapter analyzes the food grain supply chain in India and China. It starts by examining the changing contexts of food security in both countries, and the implications for domestic reforms of ... More


A Question of Access: Women and Food Security

Elizabeth Stites

in Land of the Unconquerable: The Lives of Contemporary Afghan Women

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780520261853
eISBN:
9780520948990
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520261853.003.0015
Subject:
Anthropology, Middle Eastern Cultural Anthropology

This chapter addresses Afghanistan's history of food security and how it changed after the fall of the Taliban in 2001. Food security is built on three main aspects—food availability, food access, ... More


Social organization and male–female relationships

Tatang Mitra Setia, Roberto A. Delgado, S. Suci Utami Atmoko, Ian Singleton, and Carel P. van Schaik

in Orangutans: Geographic Variation in Behavioral Ecology and Conservation

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780199213276
eISBN:
9780191707568
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199213276.003.0017
Subject:
Biology, Animal Biology, Biodiversity / Conservation Biology

Despite their semi-solitary nature, associations among orangutans are more common than expected by chance for most combinations of age-sex classes. Variation in party size is due to variation in food ... More


The Rapid Shifts in Stages of the Nutrition Transition: The Global Obesity Epidemic

Barry M. Popkin and Michelle Mendez

in Globalization and Health

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780195172997
eISBN:
9780199865659
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195172997.003.0004
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

This chapter examines the types of shifts in food availability, dietary intake patterns, and obesity that have taken place in developing countries during a period of rapid globalization and ... More


Food Security and Sociopolitical Stability in South Asia

Arun Agrawal

in Food Security and Sociopolitical Stability

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
January 2014
ISBN:
9780199679362
eISBN:
9780191758430
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199679362.003.0016
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Development, Growth, and Environmental

South Asian countries have avoided striking forms of food insecurity—famines and widespread starvation deaths—by increasing food production to keep pace with an increasing population. Coming decades ... More


Food as Sustenance

Frank H. T. Rhodes

in Earth: A Tenant's Manual

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
August 2016
ISBN:
9780801478239
eISBN:
9780801466212
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Cornell University Press
DOI:
10.7591/cornell/9780801478239.003.0020
Subject:
Earth Sciences and Geography, Environmental Geography

This chapter looks toward food constraints and how the Earth's human-carrying capacity—the maximum population size it can sustain indefinitely without reducing its future support capacity—depends on ... More


Marine Mammals: An Introduction

Annalisa Berta

in Return to the Sea: The Life and Evolutionary Times of Marine Mammals

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780520270572
eISBN:
9780520951440
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520270572.003.0001
Subject:
Biology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics

This chapter is a brief introduction to the diversity of major marine mammal lineages, including their identification, naming, and classification. The process of reconstructing the evolutionary ... More


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