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Food Aid and Informal Insurance

Stefan Dercon and Pramila Krishnan

in Insurance Against Poverty

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
January 2005
ISBN:
9780199276837
eISBN:
9780191601620
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199276838.003.0015
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Development, Growth, and Environmental

Food aid distribution in rural Ethiopia was investigated to determine allocation rules and the impact of aid on household consumption. The targeting of food aid was sensitive to income within ... More


Food Aid During Civil War: Conflicting Conclusions Derived from Alternative Approaches

Frances Stewart and Emma Samman

in War and Underdevelopment: Volume 1: The Economic and Social Consequences of Conflict

Published in print:
2000
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780199241866
eISBN:
9780191696961
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199241866.003.0007
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Development, Growth, and Environmental

Food aid was initially intended as an instrument of development aid. In recent years, however, it has increasingly been used as part of emergency relief, with many of these emergencies originating ... More


War and Underdevelopment: Volume 1: The Economic and Social Consequences of Conflict

Frances Stewart and Valpy Fitzgerald (eds)

Published in print:
2000
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780199241866
eISBN:
9780191696961
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199241866.001.0001
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Development, Growth, and Environmental

Wars, especially civil wars, are among the most serious causes of human suffering and underdevelopment. Yet economic analysis of developing countries at war is relatively rare. These volumes aim to ... More


Corporate Interests in US Food Aid Policy: Global Implications of Resistance to Reform

Jennifer Clapp

in Corporate Power in Global Agrifood Governance

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
August 2013
ISBN:
9780262012751
eISBN:
9780262255509
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262012751.003.0005
Subject:
Political Science, Environmental Politics

This chapter examines the role of corporate power in international food aid policy, with a particular focus on the United States. It describes how corporate actors exercise instrumental power ... More


Health Under Crises and the Limits to Humanitarianism

Anne-Emanuelle Birn, Yogan Pillay, and Timothy H. Holtz

in Textbook of Global Health

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
March 2017
ISBN:
9780199392285
eISBN:
9780199392315
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199392285.003.0008
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Epidemiology

This chapter examines the health consequences of ecologic disasters, food insecurity and famine, militarism, war, and terrorism, nuclear, chemical, and biological weapons, and complex humanitarian ... More


Humanitarian Dilemmas: The Political Economy of Food

Stephan Haggard and Marcus Noland

in Hard Target: Sanctions, Inducements, and the Case of North Korea

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
September 2017
ISBN:
9781503600362
eISBN:
9781503601994
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Stanford University Press
DOI:
10.11126/stanford/9781503600362.003.0004
Subject:
Political Science, International Relations and Politics

This chapter considers humanitarian dilemmas surrounding aid to North Korea. It provides an overview of the food economy and the recurrence of shortages before turning to the political economy of ... More


Dispelling Common Perceptions

Rachel M. McCleary

in Global Compassion: Private Voluntary Organizations and U.S. Foreign Policy Since 1939

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780195371178
eISBN:
9780199870592
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195371178.003.0001
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Development, Growth, and Environmental

An overview of the book’s main issues is presented: food aid, the role of the military in humanitarian aid, funding priorities, and the future of foreign aid. PVO financial independence is ... More


The Determinants of Food-Aid Provisions to Africa and the Developing World

Nathan Nunn and Nancy Qian

in African Successes, Volume IV: Sustainable Growth

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
May 2017
ISBN:
9780226315553
eISBN:
9780226315690
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226315690.003.0007
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Development, Growth, and Environmental

We examine the supply-side and demand-side determinants of global bilateral food aid shipments between 1971 and 2008. First, we find that domestic food production in developing countries is ... More


Toward multinational enterprise (1969–80)

Heike Wieters

in The NGO Care and Food Aid from America 1945-80: Showered With Kindness'?

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
January 2018
ISBN:
9781526117212
eISBN:
9781526128669
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Manchester University Press
DOI:
10.7228/manchester/9781526117212.003.0009
Subject:
Political Science, International Relations and Politics

The final chapter sheds light on CARE’s second internationalization throughout the 1970s, the establishment of CARE Canada and CARE Europe, as well as CARE’s drive towards multinational non-profit ... More


Does Food Aid Harm the Poor? Household Evidence from Ethiopia

James Levinsohn and Margaret McMillan

in Globalization and Poverty

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
February 2013
ISBN:
9780226317946
eISBN:
9780226318004
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226318004.003.0014
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Development, Growth, and Environmental

This chapter provides a study on Ethiopian rural grain producers. It examines the effect of food aid on both consumption and production by the rural poor. The data show that households at all levels ... More


LBJ, India, and the Short Tether

Barry Riley

in The Political History of American Food Aid: An Uneasy Benevolence

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
September 2017
ISBN:
9780190228873
eISBN:
9780190228903
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190228873.003.0014
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Public and Welfare

In the ten years since enactment of PL 480, India had been the largest participant in the Title I local currency sales program. Johnson believed India regarded the program almost as an entitlement ... More


From American relief to international development cooperation (1961–68)

Heike Wieters

in The NGO Care and Food Aid from America 1945-80: Showered With Kindness'?

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
January 2018
ISBN:
9781526117212
eISBN:
9781526128669
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Manchester University Press
DOI:
10.7228/manchester/9781526117212.003.0007
Subject:
Political Science, International Relations and Politics

Chapter 6 focuses on CARE’s ongoing professionalization and its ties to government agencies, international diplomats, corporate players and marketing firms. It sheds light on CARE’s first attempts at ... More


War and Underdevelopment

Frances Stewart and Valpy Fitzgerald (eds)

Published in print:
2000
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780199241880
eISBN:
9780191696978
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199241880.001.0001
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Development, Growth, and Environmental

Economic analysis of developing countries at war is relatively rare. These volumes trace the economic and social consequences of conflict both theoretically and through empirical investigations, ... More


Lyndon Johnson’s Food Aid Battles

Barry Riley

in The Political History of American Food Aid: An Uneasy Benevolence

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
September 2017
ISBN:
9780190228873
eISBN:
9780190228903
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190228873.003.0013
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Public and Welfare

Johnson made food aid a major element of his foreign relations with several countries. He saw it as a tool, an inducement, a reward or a cudgel. As a product of Senate leadership, he knew how ... More


Food Aid Under Carter and Reagan

Barry Riley

in The Political History of American Food Aid: An Uneasy Benevolence

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
September 2017
ISBN:
9780190228873
eISBN:
9780190228903
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190228873.003.0018
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Public and Welfare

By the time Jimmy Carter entered the White House in 1977, American food aid had declined from 40 percent of U.S. agricultural exports in 1963 to less than 5 percent. Noted Harvard economic historian ... More


The World Food Conference

Barry Riley

in The Political History of American Food Aid: An Uneasy Benevolence

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
September 2017
ISBN:
9780190228873
eISBN:
9780190228903
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190228873.003.0017
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Public and Welfare

Just before leaving the White House to assume his duties as secretary of state, Kissinger alerted top Agriculture officials in Washington that the president was increasingly concerned with the ... More


The External Dimension of North Korea’s Food Security: Securing Outside Supplies of Food, Fertilizer, and Fuel

Mark E. Manyin

in Non-Traditional Security Issues in North Korea

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
November 2016
ISBN:
9780824837396
eISBN:
9780824871154
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Hawai'i Press
DOI:
10.21313/hawaii/9780824837396.003.0006
Subject:
Society and Culture, Asian Studies

This chapter looks at the external component of North Korea’s food-security situation, particularly during the famine and postfamine period. Between 1997 and 2008, North Korean diplomacy brought in a ... More


From Blockade to Aid: July 1919–1924

Mary Elisabeth Cox

in Hunger in War and Peace: Women and Children in Germany, 1914-1924

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
June 2019
ISBN:
9780198820116
eISBN:
9780191860171
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198820116.003.0009
Subject:
History, Economic History, Social History

Once the blockade against Germany was fully lifted on 12 July 1919, food from different sources began entering the country. Excess food from the US military was parcelled out to American citizens ... More


The Ethiopia Conundrum

Barry Riley

in The Political History of American Food Aid: An Uneasy Benevolence

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
September 2017
ISBN:
9780190228873
eISBN:
9780190228903
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190228873.003.0020
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Public and Welfare

This chapter is the second of two in-depth, country case studies. The first, Chapter 13, was a detailed account of Lyndon's Johnson's use of his “short tether” in India. The present chapter ... More


Food Price Volatility and EU Policies

Johan Swinnen, Louise Knops, and Kristine van Herck

in Food Price Policy in an Era of Market Instability: A Political Economy Analysis

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
January 2015
ISBN:
9780198718574
eISBN:
9780191788017
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198718574.003.0021
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Development, Growth, and Environmental

Changes in global food prices have affected EU producers and consumers and have triggered policy reactions through the EU’s political process. In particular, the EU and member states responded by ... More


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