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Exit Strategies

Richard Caplan

in International Governance of War-Torn Territories: Rule and Reconstruction

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
July 2005
ISBN:
9780199263455
eISBN:
9780191602726
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199263450.003.0011
Subject:
Political Science, International Relations and Politics

Explores how, and under what circumstances, international authorities should withdraw from the administration of a territory. Whereas elections were once viewed as the capstone of international ... More


The False Prison Volume Two

David Pears

Published in print:
1988
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198244868
eISBN:
9780191598210
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/019824486X.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, History of Philosophy

This is the second of David Pears's acclaimed two‐volume work on the development of Wittgenstein's philosophy, covering the Philosophical Investigations and other writings from 1929 onwards. Though ... More


The Uses of Sense: Wittgenstein's Philosophy of Language

Charles Travis

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780199245871
eISBN:
9780191598630
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199245878.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Language

The Uses of Sense presents a reading of Wittgenstein's Philosophical Investigations, concentrating on themes concerning representation, truth, and objectivity. It offers a particular ... More


Linguistic Regularity

David Pears

in Paradox and Platitude in Wittgenstein's Philosophy

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
January 2007
ISBN:
9780199247707
eISBN:
9780191714481
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199247707.003.0002
Subject:
Philosophy, History of Philosophy

What holds together the things to which a general word applies and distinguishes them from other things? The idea behind Wittgenstein's treatment of linguistic regularity (commonly called ... More


Determination

Charles Travis

in Thought's Footing: Themes in Wittgenstein's “Philosophical Investigations”

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
January 2007
ISBN:
9780199291465
eISBN:
9780191710667
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199291465.003.0005
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Language

This chapter focuses on the two rule-following discussions in the Investigations, the first in §§84-7, the second beginning at §138 and continuing to §242. The avowed aim is to achieve greater ... More


Ontogeny, Autism, Empathy, and Evolution

Alvin I. Goldman

in Simulating Minds: The Philosophy, Psychology, and Neuroscience of Mindreading

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2006
ISBN:
9780195138924
eISBN:
9780199786480
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195138929.003.0008
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind

A wide variety of well-studied phenomena associated with mindreading are surveyed to probe the consistency of what is known about them with our version of simulation theory. These phenomena include ... More


Wandering Significance: An Essay on Conceptual Behaviour

Mark Wilson

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
January 2007
ISBN:
9780199269259
eISBN:
9780191710155
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199269259.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Language

The book's discussion is divided into two parts. Chapters 1-5 trace the unnoticed yet occasionally harmful role that uncritical thinking about ‘concepts’ plays within our practical life, whether in ... More


WIDE SCREEN

Mark Wilson

in Wandering Significance: An Essay on Conceptual Behaviour

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
January 2007
ISBN:
9780199269259
eISBN:
9780191710155
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199269259.003.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Language

This chapter focuses upon the role of the term ‘concept’ in the management of everyday and scientific tasks: how we utilize the term as a measure of our preparedness with respect to designing an ... More


SONG OF THE MASTER IDEA

Mark Wilson

in Wandering Significance: An Essay on Conceptual Behaviour

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
January 2007
ISBN:
9780199269259
eISBN:
9780191710155
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199269259.003.0008
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Language

This chapter investigates the implications of these conclusions with respect to rule-following and rigor's implementation. It begins with a survey of common philosophical tensions over these topics ... More


Norms of Truth and Meaning

Paul Horwich

in Reflections on Meaning

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
September 2006
ISBN:
9780199251247
eISBN:
9780191603983
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/019925124X.003.0005
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Language

Truth and meaning each have evaluative import. However, contrary to Dummett, Gibbard, Brandom, and many others, these notions are not constitutively normative — they are not themselves evaluative ... More


Physical–ecological cognition

Ádám Miklósi

in Dog Behaviour, Evolution, and Cognition

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
January 2008
ISBN:
9780199295852
eISBN:
9780191711688
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199295852.003.0007
Subject:
Biology, Animal Biology

Physical cognition refers to mental abilities utilized during problem solving that are provided by the non-living environment. This chapter reviews the limited evidence on how dogs orient in their ... More


Physiology and the Non‐Cognitive Galen's Alternative Approach to Emotion

Richard Sorabji

in Emotion and Peace of Mind: From Stoic Agitation to Christian Temptation

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
May 2007
ISBN:
9780199256600
eISBN:
9780191712609
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199256600.003.0018
Subject:
Philosophy, General

The idea that the body's chemical blend is the soul is rejected by Plato, Aristotle, and Augustine, but held by Galen for the mortal soul. Among Aristotelians, Andronicus thinks soul is rather a ... More


Following the Rules: Practical Reasoning and Deontic Constraint

Joseph Heath

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
January 2009
ISBN:
9780195370294
eISBN:
9780199871230
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195370294.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Logic/Philosophy of Mathematics

This book attempts to show how rule-following can be understood as an essential element of rational action. The first step involves showing how rational choice theory can be modified to incorporate ... More


Realistic Socio-Legal Theory: Pragmatism and a Social Theory of Law

Brian Z. Tamanaha

Published in print:
1999
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780198298250
eISBN:
9780191685392
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198298250.001.0001
Subject:
Law, Philosophy of Law

Drawing on philosophical pragmatism, the author formulates a framework for a realistic approach to socio-legal theory. The strengths of this approach are contrasted with that of the major schools of ... More


Study design

Jørn Olsen and Olga Basso

in Teaching Epidemiology: A guide for teachers in epidemiology, public health and clinical medicine

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
May 2010
ISBN:
9780199239481
eISBN:
9780191716973
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199239481.003.003
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

Epidemiology is defined by its objective: to study determinants of diseases and ill health in human populations. To do so, epidemiologists use experimental and non-experimental methods. This chapter ... More


Features of Judicial Reasoning

Emily Sherwin

in The Psychology of Judicial Decision Making

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
May 2010
ISBN:
9780195367584
eISBN:
9780199776917
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195367584.003.0008
Subject:
Psychology, Forensic Psychology

Judges confront rules in two ways, as rule-makers and as rule-followers. When a judge decides a case that is not governed by an existing rule, the judge must formulate a rule of decision and ... More


Core Cognition: Agency

Susan Carey

in The Origin of Concepts

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780195367638
eISBN:
9780199867349
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195367638.003.0005
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology, Developmental Psychology

This chapter reviews literature on infants' representations of agents. It characterizes the core domain, detailing the concepts of agency that are at issue. It then sketches evidence that infants ... More


Limits of Legality: The Ethics of Lawless Judging

Jeffrey Brand-Ballard

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
September 2010
ISBN:
9780195342291
eISBN:
9780199867011
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195342291.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Political Philosophy

Judges sometimes hear cases in which the law, as they honestly understand it, requires results that they consider morally objectionable. Most people assume that, nevertheless, judges have an ethical ... More


Introduction

Jeffrey Brand-Ballard

in Limits of Legality: The Ethics of Lawless Judging

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
September 2010
ISBN:
9780195342291
eISBN:
9780199867011
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195342291.003.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Political Philosophy

This chapter introduces the central dilemma of the book: judges who must decide cases in which the law requires a result that they believe to be morally objectionable or bad public policy. The ... More


Rule-Following Revisited

Warren Goldfarb

in Wittgenstein and the Philosophy of Mind

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
January 2013
ISBN:
9780199737666
eISBN:
9780199933372
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199737666.003.0005
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind, General

This chapter argues that Wittgenstein does not aim, as many interpreters suggest, to show that our practices of rule-following are groundless, but nor does he aim to show that these practices are ... More


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