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Deconstructing the Mind

Stephen P. Stich

in Deconstructing the Mind

Published in print:
1999
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780195126662
eISBN:
9780199868322
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195126661.003.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind

Though many arguments have been offered for eliminativism, they all have a common structure. They begin with the premise that beliefs, desires, and other commonsense mental states are the posits of a ... More


Philosophical and Scientific Perspectives on Mentalizing

Alvin I. Goldman

in Simulating Minds: The Philosophy, Psychology, and Neuroscience of Mindreading

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2006
ISBN:
9780195138924
eISBN:
9780199786480
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195138929.003.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind

A brief overview and mini-history of the subject of mindreading are presented. Philosophers were the first to worry about the folk understanding of other minds and the distinctive nature of ... More


Deconstructing the Mind

Stephen P. Stich

Published in print:
1999
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780195126662
eISBN:
9780199868322
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195126661.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind

Eliminativism (or eliminative materialism) has been an important and provocative view in the philosophy of mind since the 1970s. Eliminativism claims that the mental states alluded to in our ordinary ... More


What Is Folk Psychology?

Stephen P. Stich and Ian Ravenscroft

in Deconstructing the Mind

Published in print:
1999
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780195126662
eISBN:
9780199868322
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195126661.003.0003
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind

A central premise in eliminativist arguments is that terms like “belief” and “desire” can be viewed as theoretical terms, in a tacit or unconscious theory of the mind, often called “folk psychology.” ... More


Mindtalk

William Hirstein

in Mindmelding: Consciousness, Neuroscience, and the Mind's Privacy

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780199231904
eISBN:
9780191738319
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199231904.003.0010
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology, Social Psychology

Mindmelding is achieved when we allow one person's executive processes to interact with the conscious states of another person. Mindmelding does not require exotic metaphysical hypotheses, or ... More


Mindreading: An Integrated Account of Pretence, Self-Awareness, and Understanding Other Minds

Shaun Nichols and Stephen P. Stich

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
April 2004
ISBN:
9780198236108
eISBN:
9780191600920
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198236107.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind

This volume defends an integrated account of the psychological mechanisms underlying “mindreading,” the commonplace capacity to understand the mind. The authors maintain that it is, as commonsense ... More


Poverty of Stimulus Arguments Concerning Language and Folk Psychology

Gabriel Segal

in The Innate Mind, Volume 3: Foundations and the Future

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
January 2008
ISBN:
9780195332834
eISBN:
9780199868117
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195332834.003.0006
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind

This chapter focuses on comparing and contrasting poverty of stimulus arguments for innate cognitive apparatus in relation to language and to folk psychology. It shows that many of the data needed to ... More


Animal Agency

Helen Steward

in A Metaphysics for Freedom

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780199552054
eISBN:
9780191738838
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199552054.003.0004
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology, Philosophy of Mind

This chapter considers animal agency. Using the work of developmental psychologists, it is argued that agency is a highly robust and distinctive concept that ought to be accorded a central role in ... More


Religion's Innate Origins and Evolutionary Background

Scott Atran

in The Innate Mind: Volume 2: Culture and Cognition

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
May 2007
ISBN:
9780195310139
eISBN:
9780199871209
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195310139.003.0018
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind

This chapter envisions religion, in general, and awareness of the supernatural, in particular, as a converging by-product of several cognitive and emotional mechanisms that evolved under natural ... More


How Folk Psychology Ruined Comparative Psychology: And How Scrub Jays Can Save It

Derek C. Penn

in Animal Thinking: Contemporary Issues in Comparative Cognition

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
May 2016
ISBN:
9780262016636
eISBN:
9780262298988
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262016636.003.0017
Subject:
Psychology, Social Psychology

The cognitive revolution in psychology was founded on the premise that all cognitive processes result from rule-governed operations and that cognizers do not need to understand these rules to act ... More


Connectionism, Eliminativism, and the Future of Folk Psychology

Stephen P. Stich, William Ramsey, and Joseph Garon

in Deconstructing the Mind

Published in print:
1999
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780195126662
eISBN:
9780199868322
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195126661.003.0002
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind

This chapter provides an example of the sort of argument that eliminativists have proposed. The central claim is that if a certain sort of connectionist model of belief or memory turns out to be ... More


What an Emotion Theory Should Do

Robert C. Solomon

in True to Our Feelings: What Our Emotions Are Really Telling Us

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780195368536
eISBN:
9780199852031
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195368536.003.0010
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind

This chapter argues that an adequate theory of emotions should make it clear to us how reflection makes possible emotional intelligence, integrity, and responsibility. It is a myth that emotions are ... More


Empirical Research; Philosophical Conclusions

Fred Feldman

in What Is This Thing Called Happiness?

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
May 2010
ISBN:
9780199571178
eISBN:
9780191722547
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199571178.003.0013
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind

Philosophers and others have alleged that empirical research on happiness has important implications for some long‐standing philosophical questions about happiness. The distinguished British ... More


How Do Minds Understand Minds? Mental Simulation Versus Tacit Theory

Stephen P. Stich and Shaun Nichols

in Deconstructing the Mind

Published in print:
1999
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780195126662
eISBN:
9780199868322
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195126661.003.0004
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind

In cognitive science, the dominant strategy for explaining complex abilities, like the ability to understand and use natural language or the ability to predict the behavior of middle‐sized physical ... More


The Return to Representation

William Lyons

in Approaches to Intentionality

Published in print:
1997
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198752226
eISBN:
9780191695087
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198752226.003.0003
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind, Philosophy of Language

This chapter begins by examining Jerry Fodor and the rationalist tradition. For Fodor, brains are semantic engines driven by intentional states. Based on his two works, The Language of Thought, and ... More


Brains and Beliefs: On the Scientific Integration of Folk Psychology

Dominic Murphy

in Explanation and Integration in Mind and Brain Science

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
January 2018
ISBN:
9780199685509
eISBN:
9780191765667
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780199685509.003.0006
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind, Philosophy of Science

I suggest there are three ways to see the role of folk psychology in a mature cognitive neuroscience. First, integration says that folk psychology plays a decisive role in defining the objects of ... More


Libet’s Challenge(s) to Responsible Agency

Michael S. Moore

in Conscious Will and Responsibility: A Tribute to Benjamin Libet

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
January 2011
ISBN:
9780195381641
eISBN:
9780199864911
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195381641.003.0019
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology

This chapter examines the neuroscientific challenges stemming from the kind of experiments begun in the early 1980s by Benjamin Libet and his associates. It argues that Libet's work is ... More


Neuroscience and Criminal Law Theory

Peter A. Alces

in The Moral Conflict of Law and Neuroscience

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
September 2018
ISBN:
9780226513362
eISBN:
9780226513676
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226513676.003.0003
Subject:
Law, Philosophy of Law

Chapter Three analyzes the impact of neuroscientific insights in the criminal law context, arguing that those insights compel a fundamental reconsideration of human agency and the concept of moral ... More


Folk Theory of Mind: Conceptual Foundations of Human Social Cognition

Bertram F. Malle

in The New Unconscious

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780195307696
eISBN:
9780199847488
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195307696.003.0010
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology

The ability to reason about mental states has been called a theory of mind because it shares some features with scientific theories. Mental states are comparable to traits in that they are ... More


Introduction: Sometimes the Bus Does Wait

Jerome H. Barkow

in Missing the Revolution: Darwinism for social scientists

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
April 2010
ISBN:
9780195130027
eISBN:
9780199893874
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195130027.003.0001
Subject:
Psychology, Evolutionary Psychology

Sociology and social-cultural anthropology have trailed other disciplines in the humanities and social sciences in engaging with the evolution revolution. This is in part because of the horrific ... More


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