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The attentional focus and conscious awareness

Nelson Cowan

in Attention and Memory: An Integrated Framework

Published in print:
1998
Published Online:
January 2008
ISBN:
9780195119107
eISBN:
9780199870097
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195119107.003.0007
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology

This is a broad-ranging chapter seeking evidence relating the focus of attention to conscious awareness. The concept of a unitary focus of attention includes the notion that there is a limited ... More


Introduction: modeling memory and attention

Nelson Cowan

in Attention and Memory: An Integrated Framework

Published in print:
1998
Published Online:
January 2008
ISBN:
9780195119107
eISBN:
9780199870097
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195119107.003.0001
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology

This historical chapter examines the fundamental relation between memory and attention. Information that is temporarily in or near conscious awareness is in the focus of attention, so attention and ... More


Individual Differences in Attention

Holly Alliger Ruff and Mary Klevjord Rothbart

in Attention in Early Development: Themes and Variations

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
April 2010
ISBN:
9780195136326
eISBN:
9780199894031
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195136326.003.0010
Subject:
Psychology, Developmental Psychology

This chapter discusses evidence for individual differences in dimensions of attention already identified. It reviews methods for determining whether reliable individual differences exist, and ... More


Attention in Learning and Performance

Holly Alliger Ruff and Mary Klevjord Rothbart

in Attention in Early Development: Themes and Variations

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
April 2010
ISBN:
9780195136326
eISBN:
9780199894031
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195136326.003.0009
Subject:
Psychology, Developmental Psychology

Children learn about the objects they attend to and learn best when alert and employing focused attention. Because of the close connection between attention and learning, learning is sometimes used ... More


Neural bases of focusing attention in working memory: An fMRI study based on individual differences

Mariko Osaka and Naoyuki Osaka

in The Cognitive Neuroscience of Working Memory

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780198570394
eISBN:
9780191693816
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198570394.003.0006
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology

This chapter presents functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) data that explores the basis for individual differences in working memory span capacity. It identifies three major and separable ... More


Explaining focused attention by TVA

Claus Bundesen and Thomas Habekost

in Principles of Visual Attention:: Linking Mind and Brain

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780198570707
eISBN:
9780191693854
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198570707.003.0005
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology

This chapter discusses the application of the theory of visual attention (TVA) to research findings on focused attention from a wide range of experimental paradigms. TVA formed the basis of special ... More


The Effects of Social Distinctiveness: The Phenomenology of Being in a Group

Brian Mullen and Carmen Pizzuto

in Distinctiveness and Memory

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780195169669
eISBN:
9780199847563
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195169669.003.0013
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology

What is it like to be a part of a group? What do “We” have in common, and how do “We” differ from “Them?” How do our perceptions of and memories about the ingroup and the outgroup vary as a function ... More


Vigilant attention

Ian H. Robertson and Redmond O'Connell

in Attention and Time

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780199563456
eISBN:
9780191701863
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199563456.003.0006
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology

This chapter examines vigilant attention, an attention system of the brain that has evolved with certain limitations. One reason why the vigilant attention system may have evolved imperfectly is ... More


An Embedded-Processes Approach to Working Memory: How Is It Distinct From Other Approaches, and to What Ends?

Nelson Cowan, Candice C. Morey, and Moshe Naveh-Benjamin

in Working Memory: The state of the science

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
November 2020
ISBN:
9780198842286
eISBN:
9780191878282
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198842286.003.0003
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology, Developmental Psychology

In the embedded-processes model, working memory is represented as a two-phase process with the activated portion of long-term memory holding features temporarily, including newly learned information ... More


Manifold Visual Working Memory

Nicole Hakim, Edward Awh, and Edward K. Vogel

in Working Memory: The state of the science

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
November 2020
ISBN:
9780198842286
eISBN:
9780191878282
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198842286.003.0011
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology, Developmental Psychology

Visual working memory allows us to maintain information in mind for use in ongoing cognition. Research on visual working memory often characterizes it within the context of its interaction with ... More


Distributed Attention

Bence Nanay

in Aesthetics as Philosophy of Perception

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
March 2016
ISBN:
9780199658442
eISBN:
9780191748141
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199658442.003.0002
Subject:
Philosophy, Aesthetics, Philosophy of Mind

The main claim of this chapter is that the concept of distributed attention plays a crucial role in a number of different aesthetic phenomena. This is illustrated with the help of the (vexed) concept ... More


Distributed Attention and its Implication for Visual Perception

Karla K. Evans and Sang Chul Chong

in From Perception to Consciousness: Searching with Anne Treisman

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
March 2015
ISBN:
9780199734337
eISBN:
9780190255855
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:osobl/9780199734337.003.0026
Subject:
Psychology, Clinical Psychology

This chapter comments on Anne Treisman's 2006 paper How the deployment of attention determines what we see, published in Visual Cognition. Treisman reviews the evidence from some research on focused ... More


A Research Agenda for 40 Years and Counting: Strategies and Models of Selective Attention (1969)

John Duncan

in From Perception to Consciousness: Searching with Anne Treisman

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
March 2015
ISBN:
9780199734337
eISBN:
9780190255855
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:osobl/9780199734337.003.0001
Subject:
Psychology, Clinical Psychology

This chapter comments on Anne Treisman's 1969 paper Strategies and models of selective attention, published in Psychological Review. The paper reviews experiments on selective attention, especially ... More


Reciprocal Effects of Attention and Perception: On Anne Treisman’s “How the Deployment of Attention Determines What We See”

Shaul Hochstein

in From Perception to Consciousness: Searching with Anne Treisman

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
March 2015
ISBN:
9780199734337
eISBN:
9780190255855
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:osobl/9780199734337.003.0024
Subject:
Psychology, Clinical Psychology

This chapter comments on Anne Treisman's 2006 paper How the deployment of attention determines what we see, published in Visual Cognition. Treisman reports the results of some studies on focused ... More


Non-Distributed Attention

Bence Nanay

in Aesthetics as Philosophy of Perception

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
March 2016
ISBN:
9780199658442
eISBN:
9780191748141
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199658442.003.0008
Subject:
Philosophy, Aesthetics, Philosophy of Mind

While the book is about the importance of distributed attention in aesthetics, the aim of this last chapter is to explore those experiences in an aesthetic context where our attention is not at all ... More


Some Reflections on the Processing of Perceptual Features

Howard E. Egeth

in From Perception to Consciousness: Searching with Anne Treisman

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
March 2015
ISBN:
9780199734337
eISBN:
9780190255855
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:osobl/9780199734337.003.0014
Subject:
Psychology, Clinical Psychology

This chapter comments on Anne Treisman's 1988 paper Features and objects: The Fourteenth Bartlett Memorial Lecture, published in the Quarterly Journal of Experimental Psychology. Treisman outlines a ... More


What Is Mindfulness?

Paul Verhaeghen

in Presence: How Mindfulness and Meditation Shape Your Brain, Mind, and Life

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
March 2017
ISBN:
9780199395606
eISBN:
9780190674229
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199395606.003.0001
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology

This chapter defines mindfulness, describes reasons to be mindful, and looks at how mindfulness can be trained through meditation (viz., focused attention meditation, open awareness meditation, and ... More


Aesthetics as Philosophy of Perception

Bence Nanay

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
March 2016
ISBN:
9780199658442
eISBN:
9780191748141
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199658442.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Aesthetics, Philosophy of Mind

Aesthetics is about some special and unusual ways of experiencing the world. Not just artworks, but also nature and ordinary objects. But then if we apply the remarkably elaborate and sophisticated ... More


Interaction ritual chains and collective effervescence

Randall Collins

in Collective Emotions

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
April 2014
ISBN:
9780199659180
eISBN:
9780191772238
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199659180.003.0020
Subject:
Psychology, Social Psychology, Developmental Psychology

Interaction ritual (IR) is a causal mechanism by which variations in mutual focus of attention and rhythmic entrainment transmute shared mood into collective effervescence; and result in feelings of ... More


Perceptual Learning and Memory in Visual Search

Marvin M. Chun

in From Perception to Consciousness: Searching with Anne Treisman

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
March 2015
ISBN:
9780199734337
eISBN:
9780190255855
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:osobl/9780199734337.003.0020
Subject:
Psychology, Clinical Psychology

This chapter comments on Anne Treisman's 1992 paper Automaticity and preattentive processing, published in the American Journal of Psychology and written in collaboration with Alfred Vieira and Amy ... More


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