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Theory of Nonequilibrium Superconductivity

Nikolai Kopnin

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780198507888
eISBN:
9780191709722
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198507888.001.0001
Subject:
Physics, Theoretical, Computational, and Statistical Physics

This book presents modern theory of nonstationary and nonequilibrium superconductivity. It deals with superconductors in external fields varying in time and studies transport phenomena in ... More


General Physiological Principles

J. Eduardo P. W. Bicudo, William A. Buttemer, Mark A. Chappell, James T. Pearson, and Claus Bech

in Ecological and Environmental Physiology of Birds

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
May 2010
ISBN:
9780199228447
eISBN:
9780191711305
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199228447.003.0002
Subject:
Biology, Ornithology

Birds show a number of structural and functional adaptations that are characteristic of the group as a whole and independent of the ability to fly. This chapter explores some basic physical and ... More


IONIZATION AND RECOMBINATION OF PLASMA

Takashi Fujimoto

in Plasma Spectroscopy

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780198530282
eISBN:
9780191713149
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198530282.003.0005
Subject:
Physics, Nuclear and Plasma Physics

The effective rates for ionization and for recombination including processes via excited levels are expressed as the collisional-radiative (CR) ionization rate coefficient and the CR recombination ... More


Nonlocal electromagnetism and superconductivity

Mauro Fabrizio and Morro Angelo

in Electromagnetism of Continuous Media: Mathematical Modelling and Applications

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780198527008
eISBN:
9780191713316
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198527008.003.0011
Subject:
Mathematics, Applied Mathematics

This chapter provides a scheme of nonlocal electromagnetism and develops a scheme of superconductivity. In essence, nonlocality is meant as a description of constitutive properties through ... More


In-house macromolecular data collection

Mark R. Sanderson

in Macromolecular Crystallography: conventional and high-throughput methods

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780198520979
eISBN:
9780191706295
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198520979.003.0005
Subject:
Biology, Biochemistry / Molecular Biology

In the field of macromolecular crystallography, a renaissance occurred in data collection with the advent of two-dimensional area detectors. These rapidly superseded film cameras and diffractometers ... More


Modelling forest dynamics

Adrian C. Newton

in Forest Ecology and Conservation: A Handbook of Techniques

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780198567448
eISBN:
9780191717895
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198567448.003.0005
Subject:
Biology, Plant Sciences and Forestry

This chapter describes techniques for modeling forest dynamics. Topics covered include the equation of population flux, life tables, transition matrix models, population viability analysis, growth ... More


Measuring and modelling

Peter Hogarth

in The Biology of Mangroves and Seagrasses

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780198568704
eISBN:
9780191717536
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198568704.003.0008
Subject:
Biology, Aquatic Biology

This chapter considers the interactions between the inhabitants of mangal and seagrass communities. A robust descriptive ecosystem model is developed, and some of the major carbon fluxes through some ... More


Zooplankton respiration

Santiago Hernández-León and Tsutomu Ikeda

in Respiration in Aquatic Ecosystems

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780198527084
eISBN:
9780191713347
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198527084.003.0005
Subject:
Biology, Aquatic Biology

This chapter reviews metazooplankton (>200 μm) respiration in aquatic systems. It discusses methodology, modifying agents (physical, chemical, and biological factors), definitions, and carbon ... More


Results of Parametric Experiments

Norma van Surdam Graham

in Visual Pattern Analyzers

Published in print:
1989
Published Online:
January 2008
ISBN:
9780195051544
eISBN:
9780199872183
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195051544.003.0013
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Neuroscience

Parametric experiments measure an observer's contrast sensitivity as a function of value along any dimension. These parametric experiments are not very useful for distinguishing between ... More


Sonic Flux: Sound, Art, and Metaphysics

Christoph Cox

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
May 2019
ISBN:
9780226543031
eISBN:
9780226543208
Item type:
book
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226543208.001.0001
Subject:
Music, Theory, Analysis, Composition

From the invention of the phonograph through contemporary sound art, field recording, and experimental film, artists have become attracted to those domains against which music has always defined ... More


THE EARTH'S RADIATION BUDGET

I. M. Vardavas and F. W. Taylor

in Radiation and Climate

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
January 2008
ISBN:
9780199227471
eISBN:
9780191711138
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199227471.003.0008
Subject:
Physics, Geophysics, Atmospheric and Environmental Physics

The Earth's radiation budget is examined in detail, beginning with the model input data requirements to generate the radiation fluxes. Requirements for satellite and ground-based validation data, ... More


Rate constants, reactive flux

Niels E. Henriksen and Flemming Y. Hansen

in Theories of Molecular Reaction Dynamics: The Microscopic Foundation of Chemical Kinetics

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780199203864
eISBN:
9780191708251
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199203864.003.0005
Subject:
Physics, Condensed Matter Physics / Materials

This chapter discusses a direct approach to the calculation of the rate constant k(T) that bypasses the detailed state-to-state reaction cross-sections. The method is based on the calculation of the ... More


Fundamentals of Synchrotron Radiation Emission

James A. Clarke

in The Science and Technology of Undulators and Wigglers

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780198508557
eISBN:
9780191708770
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198508557.003.0002
Subject:
Physics, Particle Physics / Astrophysics / Cosmology

This chapter derives the general solution for the electric and magnetic fields emitted by an accelerated relativistic charged particle using Maxwell’s equations as the starting point. This general ... More


Synchrotron Radiation Output from Multipole Wigglers

James A. Clarke

in The Science and Technology of Undulators and Wigglers

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780198508557
eISBN:
9780191708770
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198508557.003.0003
Subject:
Physics, Particle Physics / Astrophysics / Cosmology

This chapter derives the electron trajectory through an arbitrary insertion device and then examines the case of a multipole wiggler in detail. The output flux and brightness is found, using the ... More


Synchrotron Radiation Output from Undulators

James A. Clarke

in The Science and Technology of Undulators and Wigglers

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780198508557
eISBN:
9780191708770
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198508557.003.0004
Subject:
Physics, Particle Physics / Astrophysics / Cosmology

This chapter uses simple interference arguments to derive the undulator wavelength equation and then explains why odd harmonics are dominant in such a device. The flux distribution is then found ... More


DEFORMATION INSTABILITIES, POLYCRYSTALS, FLOW IN METALS WITH NANOSTRUCTURE, SUPERPOSITION OF STRENGTHENING MECHANISMS, AND TRANSITION TO CONTINUUM PLASTICITY

A. S. Argon

in Strengthening Mechanisms in Crystal Plasticity

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780198516002
eISBN:
9780191705717
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198516002.003.0008
Subject:
Physics, Crystallography

The chapter starts with a consideration of processes that establish and control dynamic dislocation fluxes, their creation where they have been initially not present, often requiring over-stress ... More


ROLE OF FLUCTUATIONS IN HIGH TEMPERATURE SUPERCONDUCTIVITY

Anatoly Larkin and Andrei Varlamov

in Theory of Fluctuations in Superconductors

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780198528159
eISBN:
9780191713521
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198528159.003.0017
Subject:
Physics, Condensed Matter Physics / Materials

The chapter starts with a discussion of the schematic phase diagram of high temperature superconductors and the role of fluctuations in its different domains. Some modern ideas concerning the origin ... More


FLUCTUATIONS IN VORTEX STRUCTURES

Anatoly Larkin and Andrei Varlamov

in Theory of Fluctuations in Superconductors

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780198528159
eISBN:
9780191713521
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198528159.003.0004
Subject:
Physics, Condensed Matter Physics / Materials

The effect of two different types of fluctuations on the properties of the vortex state of type-II superconductors is discussed. The first are the time-independent structure fluctuations (quenched ... More


Magnetism and star formation I

Leon Mestel

in Stellar Magnetism: Second Edition

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780199641741
eISBN:
9780191738609
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199641741.003.0011
Subject:
Physics, Particle Physics / Astrophysics / Cosmology

This chapter discusses the following: magneto-thermo-gravitational equilibrium; gravitational collapse under flux-freezing and possible fragmentation; the angular momentum problem; magnetic braking ... More


Magnetism and star formation II

Leon Mestel

in Stellar Magnetism: Second Edition

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780199641741
eISBN:
9780191738609
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199641741.003.0012
Subject:
Physics, Particle Physics / Astrophysics / Cosmology

This chapter discusses the following: magneto-gravitational equilibrium and exact disc-like models; magneto-turbulent cloud models; evolution through flux diffusion; gravitational collapse; field ... More


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