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Feelings About Thoughts, Time, and Me: Awareness emerges in the anterior insular cortex

A. D. (Bud) Craig

in How Do You Feel?: An Interoceptive Moment with Your Neurobiological Self

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691156767
eISBN:
9781400852727
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691156767.003.0007
Subject:
Biology, Neurobiology

This chapter describes evidence that the anterior insular cortex (AIC) is activated during thoughts, and explains how cognitive feelings are generated in the model of interoceptive and homeostatic ... More


Brain Bases of Levels of Specificity and Levels of Control, Part 1: The Frontal Cortex, and Beyond

Wilma Koutstaal

in The Agile Mind

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780195367188
eISBN:
9780199918232
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195367188.003.0042
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology

This chapter focuses predominantly on the relatively more controlled and abstract ends of the levels of control and levels of specificity continua. It considers evidence at several levels, including ... More


What Is Intelligence?

Michael E. Martinez

in Future Bright: A Transforming Vision of Human Intelligence

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
March 2015
ISBN:
9780199781843
eISBN:
9780190256050
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:osobl/9780199781843.003.0002
Subject:
Psychology, Developmental Psychology

This chapter examines the meaning of the word “intelligence.” It first emphasizes the distinction between IQ and intelligence and then asks whether intelligence is a unified entity or a diverse ... More


The Superstructure of Effectiveness

Michael E. Martinez

in Future Bright: A Transforming Vision of Human Intelligence

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
March 2015
ISBN:
9780199781843
eISBN:
9780190256050
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:osobl/9780199781843.003.0007
Subject:
Psychology, Developmental Psychology

This chapter explores three personal factors that together predict effectiveness in complex and dynamic environments: fluid intelligence, crystallized intelligence, and effective character. It first ... More


Fostering Creativity: Insights from Neuroscience

Oshin Vartanian

in Neuroscience of Creativity

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
May 2014
ISBN:
9780262019583
eISBN:
9780262314695
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262019583.003.0012
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Neuroscience

Based on a componential view of creativity, the focus of this chapter is to demonstrate that the neural bases of creativity can be impacted by boosting working memory and fluid intelligence—two of ... More


The Lacunae of Loss? Aging and the Differentiation of Cognitive Abilities

Patrick Rabbitt and Mike Anderson

in Lifespan Cognition: Mechanisms of Change

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780195169539
eISBN:
9780199847204
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195169539.003.0023
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology

This chapter examines the effect of aging on cognitive abilities and asks whether all cognitive abilities show evidence of decline or whether some abilities are relatively spared. Declines in ... More


Fluid Intelligence, Working Memory, and Creativity: A Componential View

Oshin Vartanian

in Secrets of Creativity: What Neuroscience, the Arts, and Our Minds Reveal

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
September 2019
ISBN:
9780190462321
eISBN:
9780190462345
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190462321.003.0003
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology

Interest in understanding the relationship between intelligence and creativity has a long history in psychology. Conceptions of this relationship have varied greatly, ranging from perceiving ... More


. Biological Cognition–Syntax

C. Eliasmith, T. Stewart, D. Rasmussen, and Chris Eliasmith

in How to Build a Brain: A Neural Architecture for Biological Cognition

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
January 2014
ISBN:
9780199794546
eISBN:
9780199345236
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199794546.003.0004
Subject:
Neuroscience, Behavioral Neuroscience, Techniques

A method for using semantic pointers to encode syntactic relations in a spiking network is introduced in chapter 4. The method allows binding of different semantic pointers by combining them in a ... More


Ten Strategies to Enhance Intelligence

Michael E. Martinez

in Future Bright: A Transforming Vision of Human Intelligence

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
March 2015
ISBN:
9780199781843
eISBN:
9780190256050
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:osobl/9780199781843.003.0008
Subject:
Psychology, Developmental Psychology

This chapter outlines ten strategies for enhancing human intelligence, beginning with the idea of making improved intelligence a conscious goal, followed by building fluid intelligence through ... More


The Aging of Executive Functions

Karen Daniels Jeffrey and Toth Larry Jacoby

in Lifespan Cognition: Mechanisms of Change

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780195169539
eISBN:
9780199847204
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195169539.003.0007
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology

As with most cognitive abilities, executive functions have been operationalized in terms of task performance, although the specific tasks employed have differed in neuropsychology and cognitive ... More


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